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Organizations & Society

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Franklin & Marshall – Business, Organizations & Society

Best Resume Examples for a Variety of Jobs. Organizations! Do you need to write a resume? Knowing how to start can be the biggest challenge and looking at examples can be very helpful. The following samples are among the best resumes and you can use them as a starting point for + essay, creating your own resume. They vary greatly in skill level, profession and Organizations format and are filled with inspiration. Take notes as you browse the examples, this will help you remember what you like and dislike and which elements you want to include when you begin writing your own. The first step to writing a great resume is to choose the learning best type of resume for your work history, experience and the jobs you#39;re applying for.

Browse these examples to get a sense of your options before choosing the right format for you. Chronological Resume - A very traditional resume format that focuses on Organizations, your work experience and lists previous jobs in disagree essay order. Functional Resume - Focus on your skills and expertise with a minor emphasis on the companies you worked for. Organizations & Society! Combination Resume - Combine the elements of chronological and thesis functional resumes to highlight both your skills and & Society previous employment. Targeted Resume - Write a resume tailored to ode to essay, the specific position you#39;re applying for. Mini Resume - Everyone in your job search does not need to see a full-length resume, use the example to write one that#39;s brief and to the point.

Nontraditional Resume - From a video to an online portfolio, discover how to create and use a resume that is unique. Resume Examples with Specific Highlight Sections. Every job seeker#39;s experience and goals are different and it#39;s important to add sections to your resume that highlight what makes you the Organizations & Society best candidate. In these resumes, you will find examples of babson mba essays, specific sections that can help you direct a hiring manager#39;s attention to Organizations & Society, what you feel is most important. Resume with Profile Statement - Give a brief and mba essays specific overview of your skills. Resume with Accomplishments Section - Highlight your career accomplishments at the top of your resume to show off your biggest achievements. Resume with a Branding Statement - Create a short, catchy statement that sells you and your skills.

Resume Example with Headline - Add a headline to bring attention to & Society, your value as a candidate. Resume with Summary of thesis, Qualifications - Summarize your entire resume in a well-written paragraph that gets to the heart of your work experience and skills. Resumes for & Society, Executive and Management Positions. The following resumes are good examples for individuals in management and executive positions. They can be used when applying for other office and disagree essay business jobs as well. The highlights of & Society, these resumes are the supervisory experience and through play essays business management. These are skills that employers are looking for when hiring business professionals and it is best to include concrete facts and examples of your achievements. The world of business is vast and there is a great variety of positions available in it. The examples below are a sampling of & Society, great resumes used by business professionals. No matter your skill level or the position you#39;re applying for, these resumes should provide inspiration while writing your own.

They include various skill sets and experience, which will help you along the thesis way. Organizations! Positions in the tech industry are particularly competitive and it is essay checker punctuation extremely important that your resume stands out from Organizations your competition. You need to be specific about learning play your skills, the programs you#39;re proficient with, and it#39;s good if you can give examples of end results as well. Organizations & Society! Many resumes in the technology space include a #39;Technical Skills#39; section in which you list every program, language, etc. Sign up for the Doyle Report and get expert job-hunting advice sent straight to your inbox, with tips on writing a great resume and acing your interview!

you know. It gives your prospective employer the chance to quickly understand where your skills lie. Resumes for checker grammar, Education and Human Services Positions. If your career is in education or any field related to human services, your resume needs to highlight both your work experience and certifications. Be sure to & Society, include any professional licenses or affiliations you have as well. Learning Play Essays! You will notice that a number of these sample resumes feature volunteer experience. What you do outside the workplace can have an impact in landing a great job in these fields, so it#39;s worth noting any volunteer work you do. Careers in healthcare are filled with technical skills as well as patient interaction and both should be highlighted in Organizations & Society your resume. Nurses, therapists and medical specialists should include any certifications and licenses you hold as well as details of your work experience. Volunteer experience is also a nice addition to healthcare resumes because it shows the hiring manager that you have compassion off the disagree essay job as well.

If possible, include how you went above the Organizations call of duty or add any significant career achievements. An Orange Essay! Every trade position has a specific set of skills that are required on & Society, the job and it is important that you highlight your technical training in your resume. Include any certifications, licenses, affiliations and achievements that are relevant or necessary to your field. Notice how the example resumes are very specific when it comes to technical skills. Many also include supervisory and management experience as well as the adherence to codes and the ability to troubleshoot technical problems. Resumes for Writers, Creatives, and mba essays 2011 Freelancers.

Freelancers, writers, and other professionals in creative fields may have the most difficult time writing a resume. Your jobs may be varied, your experience and & Society skills vast, and it can be difficult getting it all on paper. There are many ways to approach these types of resumes and the examples should help you find a direction that#39;s right for communications, you. & Society! You are a creative, so you need to put some of that ingenuity into writing the most effective resume you can. You might also consider developing a curriculum vitae (CV) and have that available as well. Resumes for Customer Service Jobs. Customer service is a key element in essay punctuation many jobs and it is Organizations important that you focus on that in your resume. Whether you are applying at babson 2011, a restaurant, a hair salon or a local store, the hiring manager will want to Organizations & Society, know that you will put their customers first. Some of these resume examples also include specific skills required for babson 2011, the position.

For instance, a chef may choose to highlight the presentation and speed involved in serving meals to customers. A stylist will want to focus on special treatments they have learned and a retail associate may want to show off their merchandising expertise. Also, be sure to include any special honors or achievements you have received. & Society! Were you the employee of the month? Did you reach a high sales goal? Teenagers and recent college graduates may need to write a resume as well and this can be tricky because of your limited work history. You will need to supplement your resume with other achievements.

Include volunteer work and accomplishments at school in your resume and use these examples to learn how to feature them. Employers understand that you are young and looking to add to your experience, so give them as much as you can that shows you#39;ll be a valuable employee.

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nyu essay 3 examples Your paper must offer an Organizations argument. It can't consist in disagree essay the mere report of your opinions, nor in a mere report of the opinions of the philosophers we discuss. You have to defend the Organizations, claims you make. You have to offer reasons to believe them. So you can't just say: My view is that P. You must say something like: My view is that P. I believe this because. or: I find that the following considerations. Mba Essays? provide a convincing argument for & Society P. Similarly, don't just say: Descartes says that Q. Instead, say something like: Descartes says that Q; however, the following thought-experiment will show that Q is not true. or: Descartes says that Q. I find this claim plausible, for the following reasons. There are a variety of things a philosophy paper can aim to communications, accomplish.

It usually begins by & Society putting some thesis or argument on the table for consideration. Then it goes on to do one or two of the following: Criticize that argument; or show that certain arguments for the thesis are no good Defend the argument or thesis against someone else's criticism Offer reasons to + essay questions, believe the thesis Offer counter-examples to the thesis Contrast the strengths and weaknesses of two opposing views about the Organizations & Society, thesis Give examples which help explain the thesis, or which help to babson, make the thesis more plausible Argue that certain philosophers are committed to the thesis by their other views, though they do not come out and explicitly endorse the thesis Discuss what consequences the thesis would have, if it were true Revise the thesis, in the light of some objection. No matter which of these aims you set for yourself, you have to & Society, explicitly present reasons for the claims you make . Students often feel that since it's clear to them that some claim is true, it does not need much argument. But it's very easy to overestimate the strength of your own position. After all, you already accept it. You should assume that your audience does not already accept your position; and you should treat your paper as an attempt to persuade such an audience. Hence, don't start with assumptions which your opponents are sure to reject. If you're to essay checker punctuation, have any chance of persuading people, you have to start from common assumptions you all agree to. A good philosophy paper is modest and makes a small point ; but it makes that point clearly and straightforwardly, and it offers good reasons in support of & Society, it.

People very often attempt to accomplish too much in a philosophy paper. The usual result of this is a paper that's hard to communications thesis, read, and which is full of inadequately defended and poorly explained claims. So don't be over-ambitious. & Society? Don't try to establish any earth-shattering conclusions in cells your 5-6 page paper. Organizations & Society? Done properly, philosophy moves at a slow pace.

The aim of these papers is for you to show that you understand the material and essay checker grammar, that you're able to think critically about Organizations, it. To do this, your paper does have to show some independent thinking. That doesn't mean you have to babson mba essays, come up with your own theory, or that you have to make a completely original contribution to Organizations & Society, human thought. There will be plenty of time for that later on. An ideal paper will be clear and straightforward (see below), will be accurate when it attributes views to other philosophers (see below), and will contain thoughtful critical responses to the texts we read. It need not always break completely new ground. But you should try to come up with your own arguments, or your own way of elaborating or criticizing or defending some argument we looked at in class. Merely summarizing what others have said won't be enough. It's even more valuable to talk to mba essays, each other about Organizations, what you want to learning through play essays, argue in your paper. & Society? When you have your ideas worked out well enough that you can explain them to someone else, verbally, then you're ready to sit down and start making an outline.

The overall clarity of your paper will greatly depend on its structure. That is why it is important to think about these questions before you begin to write. I strongly recommend that you make an outline of your paper, and ode to, of the Organizations & Society, arguments you'll be presenting, before you begin to through, write. This lets you organize the points you want to make in your paper and get a sense for how they are going to fit together. It also helps ensure that you're in a position to say what your main argument or criticism is, before you sit down to write a full draft of your paper. When students get stuck writing, it's often because they haven't yet figured out what they're trying to say. Give your outline your full attention.

It should be fairly detailed. (For a 5-page paper, a suitable outline might take up a full page or even more.) I find that making an outline is at least 80% of the work of writing a good philosophy paper. If you have a good outline, the rest of the & Society, writing process will go much more smoothly. You need to leave yourself enough time to cells, think about the topic and write a detailed outline. Only then should you sit down to write a complete draft. Once you have a complete draft, you should set it aside for Organizations a day or two.

Then you should come back to it and rewrite it. Several times. At least 3 or 4. If you can, show it to your friends and get their reactions to it. Do they understand your main point? Are parts of your draft unclear or confusing to them? All of this takes time.

So you should start working on your papers as soon as the paper topics are assigned. You may think that since your TA and I already know a lot about this subject, you can leave out a lot of basic explanation and write in a super-sophisticated manner, like one expert talking to another. I guarantee you that this will make your paper incomprehensible. If your paper sounds as if it were written for learning through play a third-grade audience, then you've probably achieved the right sort of Organizations, clarity. In your philosophy classes, you will sometimes encounter philosophers whose writing is obscure and communications thesis, complicated. Everybody who reads this writing will find it difficult and frustrating. & Society? The authors in question are philosophically important despite their poor writing, not because of it. So do not try to emulate their writing styles. Make the play essays, structure of your paper obvious.

How can you do this? First of all, use connective words, like: because, since, given this argument thus, therefore, hence, it follows that, consequently nevertheless, however, but in the first case, on the other hand. These will help your reader keep track of where your discussion is going. Be sure you use these words correctly! If you say P. Thus Q. then you are claiming that P is a good reason to accept Q. You had better be right. If you aren't, we'll complain. & Society? Don't throw in a thus or a therefore to make your train of thought sound better-argued than it really is. Another way you can help make the cells + essay, structure of your paper obvious is by telling the reader what you've done so far and & Society, what you're going to do next. You can say things like: I will begin by. Ode To? Before I say what is wrong with this argument, I want to. These passages suggest that.

I will now defend this claim. Organizations & Society? Further support for communications this claim comes from. For example. These signposts really make a big difference. Consider the following two paper fragments: . We've just seen how X says that P. I will now present two arguments that not-P. My first argument is.

My second argument that not-P is. X might respond to my arguments in several ways. For instance, he could say that. However this response fails, because. Another way that X might respond to my arguments is by Organizations claiming that. This response also fails, because.

So we have seen that none of X's replies to my argument that not-P succeed. Hence, we should reject X's claim that P. I will argue for the view that Q. There are three reasons to believe Q. Disagree Essay? Firstly. The strongest objection to Q says. However, this objection does not succeed, for Organizations & Society the following reason. Isn't it easy to babson mba essays 2011, see what the Organizations, structure of these papers is? You want it to be just as easy in your own papers. A final thing: make it explicit when you're reporting your own view and 2011, when you're reporting the views of some philosopher you're discussing. The reader should never be in Organizations doubt about whose claims you're presenting in a given paragraph. You can't make the structure of your paper obvious if you don't know what the learning through play, structure of your paper is, or if your paper has no structure.

That's why making an outline is so important. Be concise, but explain yourself fully. These demands might seem to pull in & Society opposite directions. (It's as if the first said Don't talk too much, and the second said Talk a lot.) If you understand these demands properly, though, you'll see how it's possible to meet them both. We tell you to be concise because we don't want you to + essay questions, ramble on about everything you know about a given topic, trying to & Society, show how learned and communications, intelligent you are. Each assignment describes a specific problem or question, and you should make sure you deal with that particular problem. Nothing should go into your paper which does not directly address that problem. Prune out everything else. It is always better to concentrate on one or two points and develop them in depth than to try to cram in too much. One or two well-mapped paths are better than an impenetrable jungle.

Formulate the & Society, central problem or question you wish to address at learning through, the beginning of your paper, and keep it in mind at Organizations, all times. Make it clear what the problem is, and why it is a problem. Be sure that everything you write is relevant to that central problem. In addition, be sure to say in the paper how it is relevant. Learning Essays? Don't make your reader guess. One thing I mean by Organizations & Society explain yourself fully is babson mba essays that, when you have a good point, you shouldn't just toss it off in one sentence. Explain it; give an example; make it clear how the Organizations, point helps your argument. But explain yourself fully also means to be as clear and explicit as you possibly can when you're writing. It's no good to protest, after we've graded your paper, I know I said this, but what I meant was.

Say exactly what you mean, in the first place. Part of what you're being graded on learning through essays is how well you can do that. Pretend that your reader has not read the material you're discussing, and has not given the topic much thought in advance. This will of course not be true. But if you write as if it were true, it will force you to explain any technical terms, to illustrate strange or obscure distinctions, and to be as explicit as possible when you summarize what some other philosopher said. Use plenty of examples and definitions. Examples are also useful for explaining the notions that play a central role in Organizations & Society your argument. You should always make it clear how you understand these notions, even if they are familiar from everyday discourse.

As they're used in everyday discourse, those notions may not have a sufficiently clear or precise meaning. For instance, suppose you're writing a paper about abortion, and babson mba essays, you want to assert the claim A fetus is a person. What do you mean by a person? That will make a big difference to whether your audience should find this premise acceptable. Organizations? It will also make a big difference to how persuasive the rest of your argument is.

By itself, the following argument is pretty worthless: A fetus is questions a person. It's wrong to & Society, kill a person. Therefore, it's wrong to disagree essay, kill a fetus. For we don't know what the author means by calling a fetus a person. On some interpretations of person, it might be quite obvious that a fetus is a person; but quite controversial whether it's always wrong to kill persons, in that sense of person. Organizations? On other interpretations, it may be more plausible that it's always wrong to kill persons, but totally unclear whether a fetus counts as a person. So everything turns here on what the author means by babson 2011 person. & Society? The author should be explicit about checker grammar punctuation, how he is using this notion. In a philosophy paper, it's okay to use words in ways that are somewhat different from the ways they're ordinarily used. You just have to make it clear that you're doing this.

For instance, some philosophers use the word person to & Society, mean any being which is capable of rational thought and self-awareness. Understood in this way, animals like whales and chimpanzees might very well count as persons. That's not the way we ordinarily use person; ordinarily we'd only + essay call a human being a person. But it's okay to Organizations, use person in this way if you explicitly say what you mean by cells + essay questions it. Organizations? And likewise for other words. Don't vary your vocabulary just for the sake of variety. If you call something X at + essay questions, the start of your paper, call it X all the way through. So, for instance, don't start talking about Plato's view of the Organizations & Society, self, and then switch to talking about Plato's view of the soul, and then switch to essay grammar, talking about Plato's view of the mind. If you mean to be talking about the same thing in Organizations all three cases, then call it by the same name.

In philosophy, a slight change in essay punctuation vocabulary usually signals that you intend to be speaking about Organizations, something new. Using words with precise philosophical meanings. Philosophers give many ordinary-sounding words precise technical meanings. Consult the handouts on Philosophical Terms and Methods to make sure you're using these words correctly. Don't use words that you don't fully understand. Use technical philosophical terms only where you need them.

You don't need to explain general philosophical terms, like valid argument and necessary truth. But you should explain any technical terms you use which bear on the specific topic you're discussing. So, for instance, if you use any specialized terms like dualism or physicalism or behaviorism, you should explain what these mean. Likewise if you use technical terms like supervenience and the like. Even professional philosophers writing for other professional philosophers need to explain the special technical vocabulary they're using.

Different people sometimes use this special vocabulary in ode to an orange essay different ways, so it's important to make sure that you and Organizations, your readers are all giving these words the same meaning. Pretend that your readers have never heard them before. Presenting and assessing the views of others. Then ask yourself: Are X's arguments good ones? Are his assumptions clearly stated? Are they plausible? Are they reasonable starting-points for X's argument, or ought he have provided some independent argument for communications them? Make sure you understand exactly what the position you're criticizing says. Organizations & Society? Students waste a lot of time arguing against essay grammar punctuation views that sound like, but are really different from, the views they're supposed to be assessing. Remember, philosophy demands a high level of precision. It's not good enough for you merely to get the general idea of Organizations, somebody else's position or argument.

You have to get it exactly right. (In this respect, philosophy is more like a science than the other humanities.) A lot of the work in philosophy is essay checker making sure that you've got your opponent's position right. You can assume that your reader is Organizations stupid (see above). But don't treat the philosopher or the views you're discussing as stupid. Babson Mba Essays 2011? If they were stupid, we wouldn't be looking at them. If you can't see anything the view has going for it, maybe that's because you don't have much experience thinking and arguing about the view, and so you haven't yet fully understood why the view's proponents are attracted to Organizations, it.

Try harder to disagree essay, figure out what's motivating them. Philosophers sometimes do say outrageous things, but if the view you're attributing to a philosopher seems to & Society, be obviously crazy, then you should think hard about whether he really does say what you think he says. Cells? Use your imagination. & Society? Try to figure out what reasonable position the philosopher could have had in mind, and direct your arguments against that. In your paper, you always have to explain what a position says before you criticize it. If you don't explain what you take Philosopher X's view to be, your reader cannot judge whether the criticism you offer of checker, X is a good criticism, or whether it is simply based on & Society a misunderstanding or misinterpretation of X's views. So tell the reader what it is ode to an orange you think X is saying. Don't try to Organizations & Society, tell the reader everything you know about X's views, though. You have to go on to offer your own philosophical contribution, too. An Orange? Only summarize those parts of X's views that are directly relevant to what you're going to go on Organizations & Society to do.

Sometimes you'll need to argue for your interpretation of X's view, by citing passages which support your interpretation. It is permissible for you to essay checker, discuss a view you think a philosopher might have held, or should have held, though you can't find any direct evidence of Organizations & Society, that view in the text. When you do this, though, you should explicitly say so. Say something like: Philosopher X doesn't explicitly say that P, but it seems to babson 2011, me that he's assuming it anyway, because. When a passage from a text is particularly useful in supporting your interpretation of Organizations & Society, some philosopher's views, it may be helpful to quote the passage directly. (Be sure to specify where the babson mba essays, passage can be found.) However, direct quotations should be used sparingly. It is Organizations seldom necessary to quote more than a few sentences. Checker Grammar Punctuation? Often it will be more appropriate to paraphrase what X says, rather than to & Society, quote him directly. Disagree Essay? When you are paraphrasing what somebody else said, be sure to say so. (And here too, cite the pages you're referring to.) Quotations should never be used as a substitute for your own explanation. And when you do quote an author, you still have to explain what the quotation says in your own words.

If the quoted passage contains an Organizations & Society argument, reconstruct the argument in disagree essay more explicit, straightforward terms. Organizations & Society? If the quoted passage contains a central claim or assumption, then indicate what that claim is. You may want to give some examples to illustrate the author's point. If necessary, you may want to distinguish the author's claim from essay, other claims with which it might be confused. Sometimes when students are trying to explain a philosopher's view, they'll do it by giving very close paraphrases of the philosopher's own words. They'll change some words, omit others, but generally stay very close to the original text. For instance, Hume begins his Treatise of Human Nature as follows: All the perceptions of the human mind resolve themselves into two distinct kinds, which I shall call impressions and ideas. The difference betwixt these consists in Organizations the degrees of learning essays, force and liveliness, with which they strike upon the mind, and Organizations & Society, make their way into disagree essay, our thought or consciousness.

Those perceptions, which enter with most force and violence, we may name impressions; and under this name I comprehend all our sensations, passions, and emotions, as they make their first appearance in the soul. By ideas I mean the faint images of Organizations, these in thinking and reasoning. Here's an example of how you don't want to paraphrase: Hume says all perceptions of the mind are resolved into two kinds, impressions and ideas. The difference is in how much force and liveliness they have in our thoughts and consciousness. The perceptions with the most force and violence are impressions.

These are sensations, passions, and babson mba essays, emotions. Ideas are the faint images of our thinking and Organizations, reasoning. There are two main problems with paraphrases of this sort. Disagree Essay? In the first place, it's done rather mechanically, so it doesn't show that the author understands the text. In the second place, since the author hasn't figured out what the Organizations, text means well enough to express it in his own words, there's a danger that his paraphrase may inadvertently change the ode to, meaning of the Organizations & Society, text. In the example above, Hume says that impressions strike upon the mind with more force and liveliness than ideas do.

My paraphrase says that impressions have more force and liveliness in our thoughts. It's not clear whether these are the same thing. In addition, Hume says that ideas are faint images of communications thesis, impressions ; whereas my paraphrase says that ideas are faint images of our thinking . These are not the same. & Society? So the author of the paraphrase appears not to have understood what Hume was saying in the original passage. A much better way of explaining what Hume says here would be the following: Hume says that there are two kinds of 'perceptions,' or mental states. He calls these impressions and through, ideas.

An impression is a very 'forceful' mental state, like the sensory impression one has when looking at a red apple. An idea is & Society a less 'forceful' mental state, like the idea one has of an apple while just thinking about it, rather than looking at disagree essay, it. It is not so clear what Hume means here by 'forceful.' He might mean. Don't be afraid of mentioning objections to your own thesis. Organizations? It is better to essay checker grammar punctuation, bring up an objection yourself than to hope your reader won't think of it. Explain how you think these objections can be countered or overcome. Of course, there's often no way to Organizations & Society, deal with all the objections someone might raise; so concentrate on the ones that seem strongest or most pressing.

So it's OK to ask questions and raise problems in your paper even if you cannot provide satisfying answers to them all. You can leave some questions unanswered at disagree essay, the end of the paper. & Society? But make it clear to the reader that you're leaving such questions unanswered on purpose . 2011? And you should say something about & Society, how the question might be answered, and about what makes the question interesting and relevant to the issue at hand. If something in a view you're examining is unclear to you, don't gloss it over. Call attention to the unclarity. Suggest several different ways of learning, understanding the view. Explain why it's not clear which of these interpretations is correct. If you're assessing two positions and you find, after careful examination, that you can't decide between them, that's okay. Organizations & Society? It's perfectly okay to thesis, say that their strengths and weaknesses seem to be roughly equally balanced. But note that this too is a claim that requires explanation and Organizations, reasoned defense, just like any other. Thesis? You should try to provide reasons for this claim that might be found convincing by someone who didn't already think that the two views were equally balanced.

Sometimes as you're writing, you'll find that your arguments aren't as good as you initially thought them to Organizations & Society, be. You may come up with some objection to your view to which you have no good answer. Don't panic. If there's some problem with your argument which you can't fix, try to figure out why you can't fix it. It's okay to change your thesis to one you can defend. Cells Questions? For example, instead of writing a paper which provides a totally solid defense of view P, you can instead change tactics and write a paper which goes like this: One philosophical view says that P. & Society? This is a plausible view, for essay grammar the following reasons. However, there are some reasons to Organizations, be doubtful whether P. One of these reasons is X. X poses a problem for the view that P because. It is not clear how the ode to an orange essay, defender of P can overcome this objection.

Or you can write a paper which goes: One argument for P is the 'Conjunction Argument,' which goes as follows. At first glance, this is a very appealing argument. However, this argument is faulty, for & Society the following reasons. One might try to repair the mba essays, argument, by. But these repairs will not work, because.

I conclude that the Conjunction Argument does not in fact succeed in establishing P. Writing a paper of these sorts doesn't mean you've given in to the opposition. Organizations & Society? After all, neither of these papers commits you to the view that not-P. They're just honest accounts of how difficult it is to find a conclusive argument for P. P might still be true, for all that. Then come back to the draft and re-read it. As you read each sentence, say things like this to yourself: Does this really make sense?

That's totally unclear! That sounds pretentious. What does that mean? What's the connection between these two sentences? Am I just repeating myself here? and so on. Make sure every sentence in disagree essay your draft does useful work. & Society? Get rid of ode to an orange, any which don't.

If you can't figure out Organizations what some sentence contributes to your central discussion, then get rid of it. Even if it sounds nice. Thesis? You should never introduce any points in your paper unless they're important to your main argument, and & Society, you have the disagree essay, room to really explain them. If you're not happy with some sentence in your draft, ask yourself why it bothers you. It could be you don't really understand what you're trying to & Society, say, or you don't really believe it. Make sure your sentences say exactly what you want them to say. For example, suppose you write Abortion is the same thing as murder. Is that what you really mean? So when Oswald murdered Kennedy, was that the cells + essay questions, same thing as aborting Kennedy? Or do you mean something different?

Perhaps you mean that abortion is Organizations & Society a form of murder. In conversation, you can expect that people will figure out what you mean. But you shouldn't write this way. Even if your TA is communications able to & Society, figure out communications thesis what you mean, it's bad writing. In philosophical prose, you have to Organizations, be sure to say exactly what you mean. Also pay attention to learning through, the structure of your draft. Organizations & Society? When you're revising a draft, it's much more important to work on the draft's structure and overall clarity, than it is to clean up a word or a phrase here or there. Make sure your reader knows what your main claim is, and babson mba essays 2011, what your arguments for that claim are. Make sure that your reader can tell what the point of Organizations & Society, every paragraph is.

It's not enough that you know what their point is. It has to be obvious to learning through, your reader, even to & Society, a lazy, stupid, and ode to essay, mean reader. If you can, show your draft to your friends or to & Society, other students in the class, and get their comments and advice. Cells + Essay Questions? I encourage you to do this. Do your friends understand your main point?

Are parts of your draft unclear or confusing to them? If your friends can't understand something you've written, then neither will your grader be able to understand it. Your paragraphs and your argument may be perfectly clear to you but not make any sense at all to someone else. Another good way to Organizations, check your draft is to read it out loud. Communications? This will help you tell whether it all makes sense. You may know what you want to say, but that might not be what you've really written. Reading the paper out & Society loud can help you notice holes in your reasoning, digressions, and unclear prose.

You should count on communications thesis writing many drafts of your paper. At least 3 or 4!! Check out the Organizations & Society, following web site, which illustrates how to revise a short philosophy paper through several drafts. Notice how much the paper improves with each revision: Writing tutor for Introductory Philosophy Courses http://web.williams.edu/wp-etc/philosophy/jcruz/jcruz/writingtutor/. Also, don't begin with a sentence like Webster's Dictionary defines a soul as. Dictionaries aren't good philosophical authorities. They record the babson mba essays, way words are used in Organizations & Society everyday discourse. Essay Grammar Punctuation? Many of the same words have different, specialized meanings in & Society philosophy. It's OK to thesis, end a sentence with a preposition.

It's also OK to Organizations, split an infinitive, if you need to. (Sometimes the easiest way to say what you mean is by splitting an infinitive. For example, They sought to better equip job candidates who enrolled in their program.) Efforts to avoid these often end up just confusing your prose. Do avoid other sorts of mba essays 2011, grammatical mistakes, like dangling participles (e.g., Hurt by her fall, the tree fell right on Organizations Mary 's leg before she could get out of the way), and essay checker, the like. You may use the word I freely, especially to tell the reader what you're up to (e.g., I've just explained why. & Society? Now I'm going to consider an argument that. ). Don't worry about an orange, using the verb is or to be too much. In a philosophy paper, it's OK to use this verb as much as you need to. You shouldn't need to use these secondary readings when writing your papers. The point of the papers is to teach you how to Organizations & Society, analyze a philosophical argument, and present your own arguments for or against some conclusion.

The arguments we'll be considering in class are plenty hard enough to learning through, deserve your full attention, all by themselves. Can you write your paper as a dialogue or story? But neither should your papers be too short! Don't cut off an Organizations & Society argument abruptly. If a paper topic you've chosen asks certain questions, be sure you answer or address each of those questions. Please double-space your papers, number the pages, and include wide margins. We prefer to get the mba essays, papers simply stapled: no plastic binders or anything like that. Include your name on the paper. & Society? And don't turn in your only copy! (These things should be obvious, but apparently they're not.) You'll be graded on three basic criteria:

How well do you understand the issues you're writing about? How good are the arguments you offer? Is your writing clear and well-organized? We do not judge your paper by disagree essay whether we agree with its conclusion. & Society? In fact, we may not agree amongst ourselves about what the correct conclusion is. But we will have no trouble agreeing about essay grammar, whether you do a good job arguing for your conclusion. More specifically, we'll be asking questions like these: Do you clearly state what you're trying to accomplish in your paper? Is it obvious to the reader what your main thesis is? Do you offer supporting arguments for the claims you make? Is it obvious to & Society, the reader what these arguments are? Is the communications thesis, structure of Organizations & Society, your paper clear?

For instance, is it clear what parts of your paper are expository, and what parts are your own positive contribution? Is your prose simple, easy to read, and easy to understand? Do you illustrate your claims with good examples? Do you explain your central notions? Do you say exactly what you mean? Do you present other philosophers' views accurately and charitably? Explain this claim or What do you mean by learning this? or I don't understand what you're saying here This passage is unclear (or awkward, or otherwise hard to read) Too complicated Too hard to follow Simplify Why do you think this? This needs more support Why should we believe this? Explain why this is a reason to believe P Explain why this follows from what you said before Not really relevant Give an example?

Try to anticipate these comments and Organizations, avoid the need for play essays them! Your paper should do some philosophical work. Here are some more interesting things our student could have done in his paper. He could have argued that B doesn't really follow from A, after all. Organizations & Society? Or he could have presented reasons for thinking that A is false. Or he could have argued that assuming A is an illegitimate move to make in a debate about whether B is true. Essay Grammar? Or something else of that sort.

These would be more interesting and Organizations, satisfying ways of engaging with Philosopher X's view. Responding to comments from me or your TA. Your rewrites should try to go beyond the specific errors and problems we've indicated. If you got below an A-, then your draft was generally difficult to read, it was difficult to see what your argument was and what the structure of your paper was supposed to be, and so on. Thesis? You can only correct these sorts of failings by rewriting your paper from scratch. (Start with a new, empty window in your word processor.) Use your draft and the comments you received on it to Organizations & Society, construct a new outline, and write from that. Keep in mind that when I or your TA grade a rewrite, we may sometimes notice weaknesses in unchanged parts of essay checker grammar, your paper that we missed the first time around. Or perhaps those weaknesses will have affected our overall impression of the paper, and we just didn't offer any specific recommendation about Organizations, fixing them.

So this is another reason you should try to thesis, improve the whole paper , not just the passages we comment on. It is possible to improve a paper without improving it enough to Organizations & Society, raise it to ode to an orange, the next grade level. & Society? Sometimes that happens. But I hope you'll all do better than that. Most often, you won't have the opportunity to + essay, rewrite your papers after they've been graded. So you need to teach yourself to write a draft, scrutinize the draft, and revise and rewrite your paper before turning it in to be graded. Naturally, I owe a huge debt to the friends and professors who helped me learn how to write philosophy. I'm sure they had a hard time of Organizations, it.

If you're a teacher and you think your own students would find this web site useful, you are free to point them here (or to distribute printed copies). It's all in an orange the public good.

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Organisations, Communities, and Society: Models and Interventions

What The Top Consulting Firms Look For in Resumes #038; CVs. Even if you have already secured your interviews, you should still read this article, because it explains why you were selected, what biases the Organizations & Society firms have, and essay checker grammar punctuation, what areas of concerns the firms may have that they will likely test you on during the in-person interview. In other words, what follows is an explanation of how the consulting firms think about recruiting new consultants. Once you understand this psychology, it makes everything the firms do very predictable . Keep in & Society mind, these resume tips apply only to strategy consulting firms (as opposed to IT or HR consulting firms) such as McKinsey, Boston Consulting Group (BCG), Bain, AT Kearney, LEK, etc. In addition, my comments are largely true regardless of which level position you are applying to (analyst, associate, APD, experienced hire, etc..) To start, let me dispel one myth: Resume Format.

Many people obsess over how the learning through play resume is formatted. The truth is the words on the resume matter more than font size, columns, or margins. Simple example, if I see a resume that has the wrong margins but the resume says, Harvard University, #1 in Class, Physics (okay, I'm not even sure if Harvard ranks or has a physics degree). I will notice the resume. So the first big takeaway is this: WHAT you say matters more than how you FORMAT what you say. In screening resumes, I have seen dozens if not hundreds of Organizations & Society, formats.

Many different formats can work. The most important thing is the major accomplishments are easy to read. Here is what the big firms are looking for: 1) Big Brand Name Employers or Schools. 2) Academic Performance (GPA) 3) High Standardized Test Scores in Math. 4) Evidence of Leadership and People Skills. 5) High Achievement Career Experiences (Proportional to Length of Career) Keep in mind, these are resume criteria for ALL levels of through play essays, consulting, not just post-college roles.

Let me explain WHY each one is important. 1) Big Brand Name Employers or Schools. To be blunt, the top consulting firms are school snobs. Organizations & Society! They like big brand name educational institutions for the simple fact that it impresses clients. If you're an Associate making $150,000 - $200,000 USD per year, your employer is probably billing you out to clients at $600,000 USD/year. That's $50,000 USD/month. Disagree Essay! The client is going to want to & Society, know what and who they are getting for that kind of money. When the babson answer is John or Jane Doe, who has a BS from Dartmouth, a MD from Yale and MBA from & Society Harvard, clients respond with an Oh wow. Cells + Essay! that's impressive comment. It makes it easier to get new clients to & Society, say yes.

Now plenty of people get into the top firms (McKinsey included) that do not have such a perfect ivy pedigree. but if you got it, make sure it is essay grammar punctuation, OBVIOUS (it will help a lot). Let me explain the thought process of Organizations, some of these biases. The thinking is disagree essay, that only super high achievers get into the top schools. and the top firms really like hiring super high achievers. This is not to & Society, say that the firms do not hire from non-target schools (they do), but they assume the highest achievers from non-target schools will work really hard to contact the firm (generally via networking) -- thus demonstrating their determination. (There is a lesson here. If you do not have a super pedigree, you'd better be super determined, as evidenced by the amount of effort you put into disagree essay, networking.) In addition, it is very expensive for the firms to Organizations, do on campus recruiting. So they stick to schools where the offer rate vs. applicant ratio is high (high being defined as greater than 1%). For example, Stanford (undergrad) is a target school and thesis, my year, 400 students applied for full time jobs, 6 offers were extended. and this was considered a very successful recruiting ratio by McKinsey). As a point of reference, when I was recruited by & Society McKinsey, I heard a rumor that the firm spent $100,000 USD in essay grammar recruiting expense to hire ONE Business Analyst.

This figure included all billable hours of interviewers and consultants who go to on campus recruiting events as well as hard costs for travel, renting conference rooms, hotels, etc. The recruiters or resume screeners also look for recognizable employer names. It is easier to understand a candidate's accomplishment via the & Society implied credibility of the employer name and through play essays, it is also easier to convey to clients. It is the same reason everyone wants to work for MBB - McKinsey, Bain or Boston Consulting Group -- it implies something on & Society, your resume that stays with you forever. To this day, I am known as a Stanford Grad and + essay, an Ex-McKinsey Guy. It is Organizations & Society, how I am introduced formally or informally when I give speeches.

It stays with you for a very long time. Let me give you a personal example that helps illustrate the importance of the big brand name on babson 2011, your resume. When I applied for consulting internships in my junior year at Stanford, I got rejected across the board -- not a single interview. The following year, I got interviews with every major consulting firm that I applied to -- with no exceptions. I got interviews at McKinsey, BCG, Bain, Booz, LEK, AT Kearney, Monitor (since acquired by Deloitte), Oliver Wyman (formerly Mercer), and a few others. (I also got offers from every consulting firm I interviewed with except BCG where I got rejected in Organizations & Society round 1, and Booz when I decided to cancel my final round.) So what did I do in the 12 months that made such a big difference? Well I looked at who got interviews (most were friends of mine) and tried to figure out why they got interviews. Their GPAs were identical to mine. Their areas of academic study were identical to mine. The only thing I noticed was many of them had worked for babson 2011, well known companies the prior summer, and I had not.

I decided to focus on improving the Organizations brand name factor on learning through play, my resume in two ways. First, I did an internship at Merrill Lynch during the & Society school year. I worked in the evenings doing telemarketing cold calls to wealthy families in Silicon Valley selling tax free investment income opportunities (LOL. I still remember my phone script, I said it so many times). By the way, this was an unpaid internship. + Essay! so I worked for about 4 months every other night making cold calls for Merrill. just so I could put Merrill Lynch on my resume. This decision was very deliberate as almost nobody else my year did an internship during the academic year. Second, I was able to get an internship with a big company (now called ATT) for that summer. So when I applied again my senior year, I now had two big brand name employers on my resume, whereas just 12 months earlier I had none.

As I mentioned earlier, the & Society following year, I got interviews with every consulting firm I applied to, in large part because of the brand name employers on communications thesis, my resume (I was competing against 400 other Stanford students -- we all had the famous school on the resume so that was not a differentiator). Similarly as a resume screener, many of us would read resumes with a big red marker. & Society! All we would do for hours was skim resumes while circling certain brand names on the resume that jumped out + essay, as recognizable or impressive. 2) Academic Performance (GPA) The top firms want to know if you are smart. It helps to Organizations, put your GPA on your resume. If you do not, they will either 1) ask you for disagree essay, it anyways and Organizations, write it by hand on your resume after you submit it, or 2) assume it is low and assess your resume accordingly. If your school's grading system is not well understood by others, you should explain the questions grading scale your school uses. Most US schools use a 4.0 GPA system - perfect marks is a 4.0 GPA out of a possible 4.0. If yours is different or you are applying from one country to Organizations, an office in a different country, then you want to put on punctuation, your resume some way for the reader to interpret your GPA (put your rank or put your %. like top 1% of class, something along those lines). For applicants coming out of & Society, college, many firms will ask for ode to an orange, your transcript to see your specific grades on specific classes.

In particular, they are looking for your grades in quantitative classes. Oftentimes your resume will be read by a recent graduate from your school. Organizations & Society! So if you went to Stanford and took Geology 101, the an orange essay reader is going to know that you took Rocks for Jocks (the nickname for that class amongst Stanford students) and interpret your grades accordingly. Again there is not a cutoff and & Society, the standard will vary by school. Amongst the top undergraduate institutions, a 3.5 GPA or higher is good enough to not get disqualified from the process purely because of disagree essay, GPA. The resume reader will most likely read the rest of your resume before deciding. My GPA at Stanford was 3.5 at the time I applied to the major firms. so nowhere near perfect, but in hindsight it was good enough when combined with other factors to get many interviews. 3) High Standardized Test Scores in Math.

Many firms will want to see a standardized test score of some sort - SAT, GRE, GMAT, MCAT, LSAT. Because it is & Society, sometimes hard to compare GPAs from one university to another, the standardized test score is an disagree essay easy way to compare measure of & Society, one's math ability. Strong math skills do correlate strongly with the ability to think in a logical and an orange, analytical way -- the preferred thinking style that consulting firms favor enormously. Since I applied coming out of & Society, college, I had only checker punctuation taken the SAT (the US standardized test high school students take to apply to Organizations, US colleges) and I had a score of thesis, 800 on Organizations & Society, the math section (800 out of 800). It is not necessary to have a perfect score, but certainly the higher the better. There is no absolute cut-off as it depends on communications thesis, the impressiveness of the rest of your application. That being said, outperforming 95% of other test takers is ideal if applying to the top 3 firms.

The standard is not as high with other firms. 4) Evidence of Leadership People Skills. Being smart (factors #2 and #3 above) is not enough to do well as a consultant. You also need to be able to work with clients who sometimes do not like you or resent you. So one of the things most firms look for is some evidence of people skills or leadership skills. The firms want to know you can handle a difficult interpersonal situation -- especially any one involving high stress, deadlines, inter-personal conflicts. You will get asked about these kinds of Organizations, leadership scenarios in your interview. They also look for it in your resume and consulting cover letters too. If you have these experiences, PUT IT IN THE RESUME.

It is a big mistake if you do not. These experiences can include: * Specific experiences at 2011, a particular job (especially people-skill type accomplishments that might not normally be valued by other employers in that industry, but would be valued by consulting firms.) The more technical your background, the more important it is to emphasize these leadership and people skills. If you have a PhD in Physics from MIT and Organizations & Society, have been published 10 times, this is no guarantee of an interview. Babson Mba Essays! Here's why. With a PhD in Physics from MIT, it is assumed you have the analytical skills to do the & Society quantitative aspect of the consulting job. But now the disagree essay firms want to & Society, know if you can work with people. Babson! or if you are a brilliant but arrogant ass. In your resume or CV, you want to deliberately emphasize team work opportunities, leadership experiences, public speaking experiences, conflict resolution, people management, and team management type experiences.

Now if you had a PhD in Physics but also did sales jobs to pay your bills during school and you were the top producing sales person, that would be intriguing. and clearly someone worth interviewing. In other words, you need to be the OPPOSITE of the stereotype for Organizations & Society, your area of academic study. If you are an English major, the assumption will be you are good with people but lousy with numbers. On your resume, you need to prove the thesis opposite to be true. 5) High Achievement Career Experiences (Proportional to Length of Career) For applicants of all types (undergrad, post-MBA, experienced hires), the firms are looking for an impressive (career trajectory vs. Organizations & Society! length of career) ratio. 2011! So if you've worked 1 year in your career, they want to Organizations & Society, see 1 impressive year.

If you've worked 10 years, they want to see 10 impressive years. Things to emphasize in describing job experiences: * Emphasize OUTCOMES, not just responsibilities. * When possible, quantify your accomplishments with numbers. * Don't write everything you did on the job, focus on what is 2011, most relevant to Organizations, consulting firms. For example, if you have a very technical degree, really good math test scores, 4 years of babson, work experience in a very technical field in a very technical role, it is a waste of space to spend too much time emphasizing your technical accomplishments. Use those bullets to emphasize business results (derived from your technical work), the financial impact, quantify the Organizations & Society measurable change in behavior from your work (because of this new system I developed, 8,000 people now get their performance metrics through this system vs. 0 when I started, that sort of essay checker grammar, thing). If you have a liberal arts background, a liberal arts major, lots of extra-curricular activities where you showed you were a people person. in your job descriptions, emphasize how you built a statistical regression analysis and model to Organizations, forecast prices of Gold in the commodities market.

Or became a self-taught software developer in a particular job. So the key message here is this: Pick your job description bullet points strategically . You don't have space to put everything you did, so you must focus on emphasizing those things you want to convey about each job to round out your profile. Another way to balance out which points you choose to emphasize in the bullet points under each job description -- look for the unusual combo. I remember one classmate of mine who interned at Bain.

She was an + essay English major, but took several advanced math classes -- well over my head as a Quantitative Economics Major -- and got perfect grades in Organizations each of them. That's an unusual combo. Another way to think about it is something one of my McKinsey colleagues said to me. We like to hire engineers with people skills. And we like to hire poets who can do math. If you have an unusual combination of skills, be sure that comes through in your resume. Bust the stereotype that you might get type cast in. Thoughts on checker grammar, Resume Formatting. Many different formats work, but a few general common sense rules of thumb apply: * Put your education experiences at the top. Make sure the name of the school you went to is easy to read.

Whether you've never worked full time or have been in industry 10 years, put the schooling at the top -- it's what resume readers look for first, so don't bury it. (If it is & Society, buried, it is assumed that the school name must not be impressive.) No matter how long you have been out of school, put a standardized test score in the education section of babson 2011, your resume. If it is missing, the assumption is it must be low (otherwise you would know to put it). * List your career experiences in chronological order (most recent job at the top, following education) -- make sure employer names are easy to read. * Keep the resume concise -- 1 page for & Society, anyone with little work experience, 2 pages max for experienced hires. * Use bullets to save space. An Orange! Keep the points short and to the point. A good rule of thumb is 2 - 4 bullets per job experience, ideally most bullets being 1 line long. * Make sure the font size is & Society, easy to read.

Since a size 11 font will vary depending on which font is used, just make sure the reader can read it. * Make sure to bold all school names and employer names. No need to bold your job titles. Babson Mba Essays! Recruiters look at employer name first, job title second. Emphasize the Organizations things that will catch a recruiter's eye first, draw them into communications, reading the resume, and then discovering everything else you have to Organizations & Society, offer. If you worked for disagree essay, a no name employer, but all your clients were famous. list the client names (possibly bold them too. might be a little over the top, but at least it will get seen). So if you worked for John Doe Consultants. & Society! but the client you worked with most was Bill Gates or the founders of Google, say that! This is not resume writing, it is marketing! * Do NOT include everything you ever did in your life.

The point of a resume is NOT to write a personal biography. The point is to SELL YOU. The key to sales in any format (resume, cold call, powerpoint, sales meeting) is to just show what the customer, or in this case employer, cares about. * Use language and essay punctuation, descriptions that the resume reader will understand. Organizations & Society! If you did your school work in Spain, but are applying for a job in Paris, do not assume the recruiter in Paris will know what a 9.5 GPA is. Babson! explain it is a 9.5 (out of 10.0) GPA. If you won an equivalent of a Nobel Prize in & Society your field, say won XYZ Award - awarded to thesis, 1 person out of & Society, 10,000 applicants.

These are phrases that any resume reader can understand. YOU MUST UNDERSTAND THE AUDIENCE before you write your resume. Do NOT assume they have the sufficient background to appreciate your accomplishments, you need to explain them on thesis, your resume. Good luck on your recruiting process. Also keep in mind that my website has over 500 articles, all on the topic of case interviews. If you are looking for more information on a specific topic, just go to: If you found this post useful, I suggest becoming a registered member (it's free) to get access to the materials I used to pass 60 out of 61 case interviews, land 7 job offers, and Organizations, end up working at McKinsey. Members get access to communications thesis, 6 hours of video tutorials on case interviews, the Organizations & Society actual frameworks I used to pass my interviews, and over 500 articles on case interviews. To get access to these free resources, just fill out the form below: Note: All registrations require you to confirm your email address. Please type your email address carefully, entering your email also subscribes you to my Case Secrets Email Newsletter.

This article was great Victor! The breakdown and examples were especially useful. Babson Mba Essays 2011! I follow your site fervently and find your insights and Organizations & Society, advice really authentic. I have a few questions if you would be able to give me some advice. I would absolutely love to work at Mckinsey (NYC office, because that is where I am from). I dont plan on applying anytime soon but am trying to steer my career strategy towards an eventual move into Consulting. I am currently working for a fortune 100 engineering company (Deere Co.) as a Product Engineer and communications thesis, am planning to get a Mba from one of the top 5 schools. My concern is if I do make it to the one of the schools and then apply for a spot at Mckinsey, would my company and Mba school be enough brand naming for me to be considered? In regards to GPA, my undergraduate GPA was quite low although I still managed to acquire a job at Deere which is consistantly considered a top engineering company. Organizations & Society! Also I went to a top 10 Engineering school (Purdue University), but not top 3 like MIT. Would these things be detrimental to my future application?

I will have about 3 years of + essay, work experience by the time I am ready to start my Mba. I was hoping that if I can secure a high GPA at the top Mba school, then I could use that for my GPA on the resume. Lastly I feel that I have great social skills in addition to my analytical prowess due to me being an Engineer. Although I am quite technical I have a varying array of interests, ranging from quantum physics/mathematics to economics to immigrant identity in the western cultures to & Society, cultural/social processes of thought in eastern cultures compared to western and the art of Comedy. Would any of this be relevant to making me stand out as unique? Im sorry for the obnoxiously long comment lol, but I am hungry for some direction in my endeavor to get back home with the ode to an orange great prestige and opportunity of working for Mckinsey and am trying to get the best strategy to do so. Thanks for all the help so far. Short answer: When you have a Harvard MBA, a lot is Organizations & Society, forgiven or forgotten. If you have a top 5 mba and do well, have a strong GMAT score, a less competitive pre-mba can be compensated for. Yes, it is noticed — but if the overall trajectory of your resume is strongly upwards, it can be a compensating factor.

It might not be enough to essay grammar, get into the top 3 firms, but certainly the rest of the & Society top 10 is a definite possibility. The GMAT score will be crucial for you. The interpretation you want the reader to have is 1) smart enough to have gone to communications, harvard for undergrad, but for whatever reason the opportunity didn’t exist for this person at & Society, that time. In terms of the low undegrad gpa at a non target school, the interpretation you hope for is the person was smart, but lazy as an undergrad… and for a variety of reasons, got serious and the more recent accomplishments and test scores reflect being smart with the work ethic. You don’t want the undergrad gpa to be interpreted as that was the best the communications thesis person could have done. Organizations & Society! The person worked as hard as possible and the maximum performance the essay person’s intellect was capable of was the low gpa. Now if that happens to Organizations, be true, it will most likely be reflected in a gmat score in a range similar to the undergrad gpa. But if the GMAT score is 2011, substantially higher than the undergrad GPA and Organizations, the mba GPA is disagree essay, excellent, the interpretation (which they will never public admit) is the person was smart but lazy in college. Organizations & Society! (Or smart but suffered from illness while in thesis college, or had some family tragedy, or some other non-intellect factor) Action Items: GMAT 720+, get into top 5 mba, graduate at top 20% of your class. This is great! But do I have no real chance at & Society, the top three firms, even if I accomplish the said action items?

I have become very keen on essay, being able to work at Mckinsey and from many of the stories I have read on your site it seems that people who have not gone to Organizations, target schools as undergrad were still able to work at the top 3 firms. I was under the impression that if I worked hard enough with all the material and advice you provide and also network well at disagree essay, one of the top 5 Mba programs, that I would have a fighting chance. & Society! I mean I know that nothing is definite, but your opinion as a former Mck interviewer is disagree essay, obviously very potent and relevant. Organizations & Society! If my future application with all the things I am trying to accomplish is still by your standards not up to essay checker grammar punctuation, par, I have to respect that. I know you always say that anything could happen and to find my own way is key but knowing your experience as a resume screener and interviewer, I can’t help but re-evaluate. & Society! Still, I do intend on essay, trying and striving towards a spot at the top and if it doesn’t happen then I will still have all my accomplishments to fall back on. Anything you can give me so to bolster my future candidacy would be of immense worth and focus, this is the path I have set out and my determination to go to Organizations & Society, Mck is absolute. Play! Thanks Victor for the direction, I will fervently strive to one day be on your success stories section. Hi Victor! As an undergraduate student applying for consulting internships for & Society, next summer, I found this article incredibly helpful.

I have one question about the standardized test scores – I have 5’s on communications thesis, both Calculus AP tests and both the language and & Society, literature AP tests. These scores are better than my SAT scores in grammar math and critical reasoning – would it be acceptable to use my AP scores on my resume for Organizations, the standardized test section? Hey Victor, I have been reading your articles all summer and disagree essay, they are super insightful! Question: Would any of the firms hire someone with a B.A. majoring in Biology and English who is medical school bound? I am going to medical school September 2015, and have a gap year. Organizations! I ultimately want to questions, work in a place like McKinsey after pursuing an Organizations & Society MD and getting some clinical experience. Essay Checker Grammar Punctuation! How should I proceed? Do you have any advice on moving from IT/HR consulting to Strategy consulting? Outside of going back to Organizations & Society, get an MBA or other advanced degree, I’ve heard the paths are extremely limited. I have an undergrad degree in aeronautical engineering from an overseas university with a 7.00/10.00 GPA, and I’m currently working on my Master’s in Aerospace Engineering at Penn State University. My GPA will only be around 3 when I’m done, however I have 710/800 in Quants and 700/800 in Verbal from my SAT in play senior year of high school.

I also have 800/800 in Quants and 740/800 in Verbal on the GRE when I applied to Organizations & Society, grad school. I have realized only after coming to grad school that engineering isn’t what I really want. Ode To! I have pretty good critical thinking and analytical skills. And I have been told my communication skills are very good too. Organizations & Society! I have been thinking hard about consulting over babson the past several months and & Society, I think consulting would be a great fit for me.

What do you think are my chances of checker punctuation, getting a top 10 company to give me an interview shot with the above criteria? What else besides the GRE and Organizations, SAT scores would I need to offset that bad GPA? I’m looking to attack all other areas of my profile as much as possible so I would really appreciate your feedback on this. Thanks! Thank you for this great site too! Helpful and insightful article. You have answered all my questions.

I have fired blanks all the cells time with Consulting companies though I considered myself well suited – Executive management experience more than 15 years management and project management experiences, two masters degree – one cum laude from Organizations & Society private college in my home country. Re-reading your article suggest, i have no chance in hell in landing that consulting career with a big consulting house. What a pity. Should post-college graduates abridge resume to checker grammar, 1 page? In terms of & Society, resume length, the rough rule of thumb is learning play essays, one page per decade of post college work experience. I am working as a procurement research analyst in a start up company in India. The company I work for is 8 years old but all our clients are billion dollar global companies including the fortune 500 companies. I have 3 years work experience after an MBA from a state level top b-school. I am aiming at the big 4. Do I have a chance? Resume might not be as impressive as Harvard but I will give my best in the interview.

My question is Organizations, am I even in the race? It’s hard to tell. The easiest test is to look at other graduates for your business school to see if any are working at the too 4 consulting firms. Just wanted to give you some Kudos for that helpful article. Greetings from mba essays Germany, I am a mech engineer with a Masters from a top 15 school in the US and Organizations, a bachelors from a top 10 (non-IIT) school in India. Communications! I moved into IT through a scholarship by Organizations NIH and have been with a not-for-profit managing their entire IT department (13 million) since. I’ve been admitted in SBS (Oxford) for a MBA. What are my chances of essay grammar punctuation, working with one of the top three consulting firms? Does a not for Organizations & Society, profit background and an orange essay, non-branded background rule me out & Society, as a candidate? Hey Victor, I’m an disagree essay undergrad at berkeleys business school but the problem is I transferred from Organizations & Society community college.

Berkeleys undergrad biz school is thesis, super hard to get into, about 6% Acceptancce rate. If I do well at berkeley will any of the top consulting firms even give me a chance? Please feel free to be honest. Thanks. By itself, I don’t think it is a deal killer. But, you will have to Organizations, do well at disagree essay, Cal and realistically better than you normally would if you went their directly from Organizations & Society high school. My college roommate at cells + essay, Stanford was a community college transfer. He was a Stanford Computer Science major with a 4.0 GPA — needless to say nobody cared how he got into & Society, Stanford, only how he performed as he left. Incidentally, the “story” you want to + essay, imply (assuming it is true) is Organizations & Society, that you went to community college to save money (which most consider an cells questions acceptable reason to go) but were qualified to attend an elite university (and your high gpa at the elite university is indicative of your ability to perform at a high level). The “I couldn’t afford it” is a much more acceptable “excuse” than “I wasn’t ‘smart’ enough to get in”. It would help to have a super high SAT, GMAT or GRE score too.

Thank so much for the reply victor. For haas business there is a curved GPA, do you think they will take that into consideration if I don’t have a 4.0? I think I should have a 3.75-3.8 is & Society, that ok? That’s pretty good if it’s a STEM (science, technology, engineering or math) type major. Essay! Resumes get reviewed on Organizations & Society, the whole picture. You don’t need everything to be perfect, but if one thing is low something else on the resume needs to stand out as a compensating factor. So a low GPA with a perfect GRE score might still get considered if a good explanation for the low GPA came along with it.

A less prestigious school with a #1 rank amongst all students would often still get considered. My consulting resume toolkit includes a dozen or so resume grading calculators. Essay Punctuation! You can find the & Society link somewhere on the website, probably at the top. If everything across the board is poor, that’s a deal breaker. If one thing is essay, poor, but the rest exceptional that’s a possibility.

If everything is Organizations & Society, above average, that’s a possibility, etc… Numerous ways to get considered. Also have you ever heard of mba essays 2011, people getting a job at a top consulting firm (MBB) with a lower GPA? 3.5 or higher is the norm, under that would require exceptional circumstances. I am a mech engineer with a Masters from a top 15 school in & Society the US and a bachelors from a top 10 (non-IIT) school in India. Communications! I moved into IT through a scholarship by NIH and Organizations & Society, have been with a not-for-profit managing their entire IT department (13 million) since. I’ve been admitted in SBS (Oxford) for a MBA. What are my chances of an orange, working with one of the Organizations & Society top three consulting firms? Does a not for profit background and non-branded background rule me out as a candidate? The non profit background does not rule you out.

The lack of brand is an issue, but can be compensated for. Oxford is a target school so that is going to be of enormous help for you. The lack of communications thesis, brand employers can be compensated in few different ways. If your prior work achievements were exceptional, that will help. Organizations & Society! Your performance at Oxford will be heavily scrutinized. I don’t know if they track and publish school rank, but if you were in the top 10% I think you would get interview opportunities. The final compensatory factor would be to network, meet people in the firms you want to target, and get them to cells questions, recommend to their recruiting departments to interview you.

The above maximizes your chances of getting the interview. Organizations & Society! Then you have to perform exceptionally well on the case. It can not just be an marginally acceptable performance (which someone with a stronger background might be able to get away with in the first round), in your case it really needs to be exceptional starting in essay checker punctuation round 1 to offset the perceived risk of hiring someone without a brand employer background. From an interviewers point of view, it is extremely, extremely difficult to turn down a candidate in Organizations & Society round 1 who did exceptionally well. It is disagree essay, VERY hard to do that. If there is Organizations & Society, a resume issue, the communications thesis thinking most interviews will do is they will struggle with the decision, and & Society, then decide to pass the decision to the round 2 interviewers. I should point out I have received many emails from people with backgrounds with a perceived negative item or two (some much “worse” than yours). They have gotten into the top firms.

BUT, and I can’t stress this enough, they were EXTREMELY motivated and disagree essay, probably put 100 – 200 (the highest I’ve ever seen is 300+ hours) hours into case prep and & Society, several hundred hours into networking. It can be done, but the “worse” the resume (and I don’t consider your resume bad, the Oxford piece is quite the babson 2011 accomplishment but the Organizations & Society lack of brand employers is a valid issue in through play essays the eyes of consulting firms) the harder you just worker AND very importantly the Organizations EARLIER you must start. If possible start 6 and preferably 12 months earlier than when you plan to interview. That is one of the common traits among those who got offers from the top 3 with some kind of disagree essay, disadvantaged resume. Flat out, they wanted the offer badly and were willing to & Society, put in the effort. Thank you for your reply.

I am probably 7 months away from starting school and 14-15 months away from interviewing. Cells + Essay! What do you recommend I do to get started? I am a slow learner but a hard worker so what should my first step be? Is there a course I can join or should I get started with your videos? Also, I’ve heard the term “networking” thrown around a LOT since I got admitted. Is there a good place to learn networking 101? What should I be doing now to get placed a year later? Thanks so much. Your reply was very helpful.

Do you think regardless of your grades a referral/recommendation from a top employee within the firm can still get you a job within the company? No. It might be possible to get a case interview opportunity based solely on Organizations & Society, the relationship, but absolutely impossible to get the job offer at the top few firms without doing well on the case. From the firm’s point of view, there is through play, ENORMOUS risk in putting someone without certain skills in front of a client. The fear is that one mis-hire could ruin the reputation of the entire firm by saying something really “stupid” (e.g., in the firms’ eyes that would be stating a conclusion that is logically and factually incorrect). When I was a McKinsey consultant, if I made a major error with a client, it will not be described as “Victor made a mistake”, it will be described by the client as “McKinsey screwed up”. Organizations! THAT is why the firms are so intensely focused on the case interview. That are totally paranoid about the communications thesis scenario I just described. Hey Victor, thanks for letting me know. What books do you recommend for case interviews?

Or any tools that would help with acing case interviews? Thanks. I’m a bit biased on this one. I recommend my own book Case Interview Secrets. For more advanced training, my Look Over my Shoulder program is very effective. It contains recordings of 20+ hours of actual case interviews with candidates with my real time analysis and Organizations & Society, critique of the candidates performance. It also specifically compares the differences between poor, average,and exceptional case interview performance so you can see, hear and experience the babson mba essays differences between performance levels. Also if you do well in your interview (that is if you got an interview through an employee) and your grades aren’t top notch, say maybe a.

3.4-3.5 can you still secure a job at one of the three (MBB)? Yes absolutely. I had a 3.5 GPA coming out of Stanford. I would really try to get or keep your GPA at 3.5 or higher. It also depends on & Society, the selectivity of your school.

So a person with a 3.5 GPA from an babson mba essays ivy would get looked at and could get in if they did well on the case. Someone from & Society a top 200 university would be expected to have a higher GPA to compensate for lack of ivy. The same is communications, true if the major is not technical or math oriented. An English major is Organizations & Society, expected to have a higher GPA than an engineer because the bias in cells + essay consulting is that math oriented majors are harder than the liberal arts oriented one. Hi victor, I have an upcoming interview at Bain for a summer associate intern position but I’m struggling to find the appropriate review and prep materials. Do you think case in point would be a good place to Organizations & Society, start? Or is it a bit advanced for a summer intern interview?

Do you recommend any additional materials other than your videos (which are awesome btw!!) but I’m just stressing and 2011, want to be as prepared as possible. Organizations! Thanks!! There is very little difference between undergrad intern and MBA level case interviews. The standard is high mainly because clients demand it regardless of whether a consultant is an thesis intent, and undergrad, or a MBA. Organizations & Society! Logic is logic. Math is + essay questions, math. Accurate conclusions are accurate conclusions. In terms of resources, I would recommend the following listed in increasing order of cost. My free videos and email newsletter. My Look Over My Shoulder Program – recordings and analysis of 20+ case interviews with actual candidates http://www.caseinterview.com/loms.

Doing 1:1 practice with a case coach (a former Bain, BCG or McKinsey interviewer) http://www.CaseInterviewCoach.com. In addition I would recommend up to 50 practice interviews with a practice partner. If you don’t have one locally you can search for one at http://www.caseinterviewpartner.com. I would recommend practicing with partners after LOMS and before using case coaching. Oh also sorry I forgot to mention I’m an Organizations & Society undergraduate not an MBA student. Thanks!

Thank you for the helpful advice. I have sent an online application to Deloitte for their NextGen Leaders program and their minimum GPA requirement is a 3.2 according to cells, their website. I am currently a community college student that will be transferring to Organizations & Society, a CSU in the fall. Checker! I’m anticipating a 3.4 overall GPA at the time of & Society, transfer. Is that worthy for a community college student that is prior military with no extra curricular work? Any advice or recommendations to communications thesis, help myself stand out? Thank you. I am an Organizations undergraduate student at the University of Minnesota majoring in B.S Economics. Checker! I do have internship experiences in equity research, consulting and Organizations, investment banking.

My current GPA is 3.5. However, I do not think my school brand is well know comparing to those Top schools. Also, two of the internship experiences that I had is from babson mba essays 2011 China which I think it’s not a big brand for US employer. The other one that I am working ( Consulting Intern) is a small consulting firm in Minneapolis which it is not really well known big brand as well. 1.Is that mean I am in Organizations really disadvantage situation among those applicants 2. Ode To An Orange Essay! Do you have any recommendation for me to improve my chance of Organizations, being accept into the firm ? Hi Victor, I have been working in science research / project management for several years, but am now looking to switch into essay checker punctuation, MC. Do you have any advice on additional ways to enhance my resume and training prior to applying? My education background includes a Masters (science) from & Society Cambridge. I have also previously started an entrepreneur business venture. If I’ve had a total of 6-7 experiences (including pre-undergrad full time work and college internships). Is it necessary to include everything in communications my resume?

An interviewer (non-US, non-top 50) brought it up during an interview and Organizations, said I should, even if it means exceeding the recommended 1 page length. Also, say I am working for communications thesis, a startup that isn’t doing that great and so decide to take another job (while still working for the startup), do I need to mention both as my current experience in my resume? What I am trying to understand is if a resume is indeed just a marketing document where you provide only the & Society most relavent information or if its mandatory to list every position you’ve ever held. Just for cells, full disclosure, I always mention all my work experiences during the interview process itself (I am not really trying to hide anything). Thanks a ton. Really appreciate the help. I think most people are somewhat split on this decision. Organizations! I personally see the resume as a marketing document. Everything on thesis, there should be accurate, but I personally think it is fine to Organizations, exclude things that aren’t relevant. For example, I do some volunteer work at my kids school. I helped them remove weeds from the babson garden next to & Society, the playground.

One could argue it is a “job”. Ode To Essay! But it isn’t relevant to my reader. Depending on your experience level, it’s customary to include coursework you took in school – though not practical to & Society, list every course. That’s my personal take. Again, a number of people will disagree with this point of cells, view. You should make your own decision on this based on what you are comfortable with.

First of all, I really appreciate everything you put on Organizations & Society, the website. All of it is very useful and immensely informative. I d0 have one question that I am curious about. My resume lists all of the things you listed above: A high GPA while committing over an orange essay 40 hours a week to coaching/volunteering with various organizations. Organizations & Society! A big brand name internship as a sophomore, where I did some pretty meaningful things (as meaningful as an cells questions intern can do). Plenty of & Society, leadership/team experience. I haven’t taken a GMAT/SAT ever (took ACT as a sophomore in HS), but feel confident about my ability to disagree essay, do well on Organizations & Society, them if I were needed to list them. However, I go to The Ohio State University, which is not exactly prestigious (although it is play, climbing up the Organizations rankings every year… Go Bucks!).

What’s the punctuation likelihood that my resume hits the trash folder because of the name of the school at the top? Is there anything I can do to still get an & Society interview opportunity despite my school not being top 10? Lots of cells, networking, I presume? If I don’t get a job because I interview and perform worse than the people they hire, I can sleep easy at night. & Society! It’s going to nag at me if I don’t even get a swing at ode to, the plate because of my school. Anything you’ve got would really be appreciated. Your assessment of the situation is fairly accurate. There is a huge bias against non target schools. Networking is the & Society key and also targeting in your case offices based in babson mba essays 2011 Ohio. You will have an easier time get a chance (though still a long shot) from & Society someone in disagree essay an Ohio office than say New York or Boston.

Other than, anticipate getting an informal case interview by phone or over coffee (unannounced) to determine if someone you meet wants to Organizations, risk their reputation by recommending you for learning through play essays, a real interview. You have to nail the case in the interview for the interview. & Society! You basically would have to blow them away with your case performance to provide the extra margin of comfort they would need to endorse you despite the non target school on your resume. Your article is very helpful. So my path is a bit non-traditional since I was previously a pre-med and graduated with a Neuroscience degree at UCLA. Disagree Essay! However, after a year of & Society, deliberation, I have decided to pursue the disagree essay consulting path, particularly healthcare consulting. I did get an & Society 800 in the math portion of the SAT’s and my quantitative skills have always been very strong but I do not have much coursework at UCLA that further demonstrates that. While I am applying to thesis, jobs, I have been considering taking some math or analytical courses that will increase my marketability.

Do you have any thoughts or suggestions about my approach? All of this is Organizations & Society, very new to me but your website has been a huge help! Thanks so much and looking forward to your response, From a consulting firms point of view, if you got an checker punctuation 800 on the math SAT and presuming your in major gpa in Organizations & Society a hard science was pretty good, it’s safe to cells + essay, say you can add, subtract, multiply, divide and calculate a percentage. (Truly that is Organizations, 95% of the math used in consulting). If you’ve taken organic chemistry (at my school that was a weeder class for checker grammar, premed) or any of the core science classes that’s sufficient. & Society! No need to take math classes unless you want to for your own knowledge sake. If you were going to take more for you own benefit, I would recommend an intro statistics class and an intro economics class — both quite useful even outside of learning play essays, consulting. Generally 800 math SAT is the end of the assessment as to whether or not this candidate do arithmetic. (at least at the resume screening portion of the process). If I were screening your resume, I would presume you could do math. I would be curious to & Society, see your gpa in neuroscience. Did you excel or did you just get by?

UCLA may not be a target school for most firms, so to be considered it would really help if you had a very high gpa from disagree essay ucla — 3.9 or above ideally. So the lack of ivy is a bigger constraint for Organizations & Society, your background than lack of a math class on your transcript. Pardon my choice of words (but it reflects how these resume screeners think), are you UCLA average? or are you UCLA exceptional? The former probably not going to get an interview, the latter is mba essays, a definite possibility. At the ivy’s the presumption is the talent pool is a higher caliber, so the firms will go lower on the gpa scale. So a 3.5 Harvard is Organizations & Society, equal if not better than a 3.9 UCLA (as an babson 2011 illustrative example). A 4.0 UCLA in hard sciences, with 800 math SAT + a few interesting experiences with brand name employers on resume that’s worth a resume reader taking a closer look. Thanks so much for your helpful article! I just have a question after reading it:

I’m a Stanford undergrad and have the Organizations great brand name, so now I’m wondering how to essay grammar, differentiate myself in my extracurriculars. What sorts of extracurriculars do you think would be impressive? I’m currently a chair in student council and am team lead in the Business Association of Stanford Entrepreneurial Students. Are there other areas you’d recommend I get involved in? I’ve also competitively played the & Society piano in high school (performed at Carnegie Hall and won other awards), but I stopped playing in college because I thought that student council and other leadership might be more relevant to communications, consulting recruiting, and that continued involvement with piano might not be as important for consulting. Is this true? Thank you so much! I think you are somewhat asking the wrong question.

What extra curricular activities do you enjoy enough to be really good at? In general firms like activities that are demonstrate inter personal skills through actual achievement in & Society the role. So a ground sounding extra curricular where you did nothing meaningful doesn’t help you much. If you landed a bunch of great extra curricular titles, but didn’t actually have to interact with anyone in those roles, it will be very obvious at the interview that your inter personal skills seem inconsistent with the interpersonal skills your resume would imply. So pursue meaningful opportunities that give you the opportunity to disagree essay, work with others and get much practice doing so. It’s important to BE good, not just LOOK good. Also to me it is impressive you played at Carnegie Hall. It’s different.

Is it directly relevant to & Society, consulting? No. Does it stand out as different? Yes. Consulting firms like people who can achieve things that are hard for the general public to ode to an orange essay, achieve. It shows a track record of focus, commitment, discipline, etc… in many cases the specific field that achievement is in is less important than the fact that you achieved something difficult to achieve. If you won an Olympic medal, that too would be interesting even if not relevant.

The hard part in the resume screening part of the process (see my consulting resume toolkit for more specific details and actual resume examples) is you need something that sticks out as different from the crowd. When I was at Stanford, 400 undegrads applied. My guess is 40 or so got 1st round interviews, 6 got offers. Keep in mind many of the 400 didn’t even know what a case interview was. My extra curriculars were being the & Society Photo Editor of the Daily and essay, later the yearbook. Hardly directly relevant to Organizations & Society, consulting, but it was what was interesting to me at the time, I worked 30 hours a week at learning through play essays, it, and got to cover some breaking news events (riots/protests, vice presidential candidate announcements, etc..).

The range of who gets interviews can be quite wide. Try not to over think it and to game the & Society system. Instead, focus on developing your skills in babson mba essays your major as well as leadership / people skills that cross majors. Also it doesn’t hurt to do what you enjoy if it means you will put more effort into Organizations, it and developed greater competence at it. On your resume, DEFINITELY put on play essays, the bottom that you played Carnegie Hall.

It won’t get you the Organizations interview, but if you are borderline things like that can tip things in your favor. How would a MPP or a MA in Regional Studies from Harvard compare to MBA graduates if I am going into cells + essay questions, consulting after a number of years in & Society government service from a country other than the US? (You mentioned earlier that HBS on resume will likely cause other factors to play, be forgotten, I assume other Harvard degrees are less prestigious?) Also, I am not sure if you are familiar with Japanese schools but how would you say Kyoto graduates compare with Tokyo grads or Keio grads vs Waseda grads? Are they on par on the prestige factor or are there differences? The MPP ore regional studies from Harvard is less prestigious than the bschool. It also depends what country and office you apply to. If you apply for the Boston office, you have no differentiation. If you apply for the Moscow office, any Harvard is better than no Harvard. I’m not familiar with the Organizations Japanese universities and unfortunately would not be able to comment on that. I am currently an architecture student at one of the top ranked public schools in the US.

I have recently come across the disagree essay consulting industry, and, after a lot of Organizations & Society, research and through play essays, thought, I have decided that consulting is an industry I would like to go into after graduation. I am wondering what I can do to & Society, be able to prepare myself so that my resume is attractive to the Big 3 so that I can secure an interview. I still have 3 years left at school (I am in ode to an orange essay a 5 year program) and switching majors is not an Organizations & Society option at this point. I have a 3.75 GPA, my math SAT was a 740, and I have held numerous leadership positions. I am currently the president of the cells + essay School of Architecture council, and Organizations, I represent our college at babson, the University-wide level. I am also planning on founding a community service program related to architecture this fall. I have great people skills and was voted Class Favorite and Most Likely to Succeed in high school senior year. What can I do to become more appealing to consulting firm recruits?

I have no business background and I am afraid this will hurt me. I have looked up many websites to teach myself some business terminology and concepts. There is a business certificate that we can complete along with our major, and I am wondering if this would be worthwhile. Thank you so much, I look forward to hearing back from you. If your university has a business school or campus clubs than span schools within the university, consider jointing some business or entrepreneurship oriented ones. Yes it hurts you to not have some indication of & Society, interest in business in your background.

Certificates carry very little weight generally. The issue is two fold: 1) looking like you have interest in essay checker grammar punctuation a business career, and 2) actually understanding basic business concepts. The first helps you get the interview, the latter to & Society, pass it. You can’t be googling every term you here in an interview. It’s just not practical. For the ode to former, consider business oriented activities. For the latter, start reading Bloomberg Business Week and Fortune magazine. The first for short news articles, that latter for indepth profile articles that go into depth about the Organizations & Society issues of mba essays 2011, specific companies. Google any terms or concepts you do not understand. Other options.

Take an & Society intro to cells + essay questions, economics class as an elective, maybe a financial analysis class… Both to add to your knowledge and to indicate interest. Many free classes online on these topics as well. Hello, I was recently accepted to Organizations, the No. 15 US News Business School (UT-Austin) for the Part-Time program. I have 4 years work experience, a 3.3 Undergrad GPA in communications thesis Aerospace Engineering (Texas AM), currently work as a Software Engineer at Dell, and a 670 GMAT (44Q, 38V). I’ve taken the Organizations GMAT once before and scored a 560 (33Q, 34V), but this time, I really studied hard for learning through essays, the GMAT (Manhattan GMAT). I really want to enter the world of management consulting at one of the Organizations Big 4 (not MBB, but Deloitte, PwC, KPMG or EY), and plan to supplement my low GMAT with extracurricular activities (Graduate Consulting Club), networking, and planning to switch career trajectories in about a year to a hybrid engineering-finance role at Dell before I graduate. Should I retake GMAT given my profile??

It’s been weighing heavily on my mind.. Thanks in disagree essay advance! For MBB you really need over Organizations 700 on + essay questions, the GMAT. Since your goal is Big4, you’re probably in the range at 670. Whether or not to retake it depends on your opportunity cost and & Society, likelihood of essay checker grammar, improving the Organizations score by a significant enough amount to warrant the effort. My sense is retaking the GMAT is probably not a high return on investment activity especially since you said you already studied hard for it. Checker Grammar Punctuation! Networking harder will probably be a better use of your time as well as rounding out your resume and skill set with more people-oriented activities.

When I see your profile, through Big4 eyes, I can’t help but wonder if I could put you in front of a client. If a client says you are wrong and does so in & Society an aggressive or slightly combative way, will you be able to confidently and respectfully disagree and persuade the client otherwise? If a group of junior clients on your team are bickering, do you have skills to communications, smooth out the Organizations & Society situation? These are the larger questions that pop into my mind based on your profile. I just completed my undergraduate in Business with a top notch school in India( But I am afraid no one outside India would be aware of the prestige on my institution.) I wish to work for 2-3 years, then apply for an ivy league school in babson mba essays USA, after which I aim to eventually get into MBB. Now the problem is, in Organizations India undergraduates are generally not offered good roles. Babson Mba Essays! The big firms such as MBB or big 4 only give research related jobs at this stage. Organizations & Society! And I have a offer for an analyst at a small firm. Its a smaller name, but it is better work and it is easier to get noticed and communications, promoted.

Now, in order to achieve my long term goal of Organizations & Society, top school + MBB, do you suggest I take the job at the smaller firm but better work, or should I look for a job in ode to essay the bigger firm but bad work? For cross border careers, people with well known brand name employers on their resume have a major advantage. Organizations & Society! You have to decide if the benefit out weights the downside of checker grammar punctuation, potentially less interesting work. In addition, it helps to Organizations, be at peace with your choice even if the essay checker grammar punctuation second step of your career doesn’t work as planned. No easy answers on Organizations, this one. I’m thinking of pursuing a masters degree in management science instead of an MBA; simply because an MBA is longer and communications thesis, I do not want to work for 3 or 5 years before I do my masters.

Would this affect my prospects of getting a consulting job at Organizations & Society, any of the + essay questions MBB companies or any top consulting company? Thanks in advance. Yes. Most likely you would be slotted with the post undergrad candidates. Having a masters with no work experience doesn’t qualify you to lead teams of Organizations, analysts and thesis, client teams consisting of Vice President level professionals. It doesn’t negatively impact your ability to & Society, get into the top firms, just the level at which your enter. Does one page CV applies to UK office applicants (from UK university)?

I wanted your opinion on a quick question. Through Essays! If I am listing my SAT score on my resume, would it be sufficient to just include the & Society math score? I got an 800 on the math but 650 in ode to an orange reading and 730 in Organizations writing and thesis, I’m not sure if the reading score in particular would raise any kind of red flag (if other applicants’ resumes have for instance very high Math and reading scores). You should list the full score and all the sub scores. If you only list one sub score, they will either send it back to you to complete or just reject the app assuming the Organizations & Society others scores are too low.

As an undergrad, I just wanted to essay grammar, ask if there was any real downside to excluding the SAT score. When I had a McKinsey consultant look into my resume (without the & Society SAT score), he made no mention of a SAT score. I actually just graduated from ode to an orange essay college after this summer semester, and was thinking it might not make sense given I took the test about 4-5 years ago and have already graduated from college. What do you think? Thank you for all your help! Much appreciated!

Best case, a recruiter will call you to ask you for your numbers. Worst case, they reject you out right assuming the scores must be poor. The former is & Society, likely if everything else looks good on your resume, the cells questions latter if everything else isn’t strong. On the job analytical performance is extremely highly correlated with math SAT (GMAT, GRE) scores. Victor, I got already on my resume the Organizations & Society big brand companies names but for learning through essays, a short period of time (less than a year). Would you still suggest to keep the brand companies names on my resume?

Generally speaking yes as it looks better than being unemployed. If it is only for Organizations, 3 months and it is communications thesis, not clearly an internship, then you might want to Organizations, think twice. Hi. Essay Checker Grammar! I am a PhD student at Cambridge University, UK. I focus on tropical ecology- this is a science based subject which uses extensive statistical modelling. & Society! Prior to this I completed an MPhil in Environmental Sciences from + essay questions Oxford Uni (with a 2.1) and a General Engineering degree. I will finish my PhD in late 2016. I would like to work in consulting and specifically target McKinsey. My background is pretty quantitative- perhap not as quantitative as aeronautical engineering but much more quant then liberal arts. I have not done internships ( owing to visa issues) but I have done fieldwork all over SE Asia and built useful links.

I have several peer reviewed publications to my name. Should I try to gun for McKinsey? Your background seems similar to the background of Organizations & Society, other McKinsey consultants coming out of disagree essay, a PhD in & Society Europe. Checker! I don’t know the UK grading system, so I can’t comment on your marks. Everything else seems comparable and I would encourage you to apply.

Also the & Society level of math used in consulting 90% of the ode to time involves adding, subtracting, multiplying, dividing, and & Society, calculating percentages. McK looks for quantitative backgrounds not because the math is cells + essay, difficult but rather because those with quantitative backgrounds think in a particular way that’s very useful in consulting. I first wanted to comment on the number of posts you have replied to. I’m really surprised you get back to so many people! That’s awesome and greatly appreciated. My first question is whether or not accounting is considered a quantitative enough background for consulting? I see most applicants are in engineering, science, economics, etc. I have excellent grades and a Master’s in Accounting but I wasn’t sure if this was an automatic deal breaker.

Although I have high grades, leadership, and internship experience, the school I attend has a very clear reputation as a “party school” and is not a target of really any consulting firms (Syracuse University). Could work experience possibly compensate for this and make me a more viable candidate in the future? Thank you so much for your help! Your school will be a bigger issue than your major. Accounting isn’t considered an exceptionally quantifiable field from the consulting firms point of view. If you had strong standardized test scores, it would be fine.

Networking can compensate for Organizations, a non target school, a slightly below average GPA, or some other weakness is a candidates application, but it can’t compensate for more than one weak spot in most cases. I’d say the communications top 3 would most likely be out of reach for you. The rest of the top 10 would be a stretch (depending on & Society, your overall application) if you networked a lot and did a ton of learning essays, case prep (several hundred hours between the two activities). My consulting resume toolkit has a resume scoring calculator to estimate the likelihood of your resume getting an interview. & Society! For networking advice, do a search on the site for “networking” and “non-target school” as there are several success stories from others that you can learn from.

Thanks for cells + essay, all the & Society useful information. I am looking to break away from science and start a career in consulting. Disagree Essay! I have a BS in psychology from Michigan State with a 3.95 gpa, and am currently working on & Society, a PhD in neuroscience from Penn State College of Medicine (3.5 gpa). 730/800 quantitative on gre (no sat – got started at community college). Essay Checker Punctuation! What are my options and Organizations & Society, what firms should I be targeting? Should I try for an internship while I still have time? I obtained a PhD from MIT Aerospace but my GRE was not the highest when I initially applied (Q700/800).

How much do you think this will work against me when applying to MBB? Should I re-take the GRE just for boosting the thesis numbers? Or should I just focus on polishing my well-earned analytical skills and networking? A PhD in Aerospace from Organizations MIT qualifies you do add, subtract, multiply, divide, and calculate percentages which is disagree essay, 90% of the math used in consulting. At this point, I wouldn’t worry about the GRE score. Make contacts via networking.

If you are in Organizations & Society a post doc, focus on publishing if that’s a possibility for you. Disagree Essay! The general rule of thumb is firms want to see an upward sloping career trajectory. You inspired me a lot. Thank you so much for providing very detailed information about the Organizations dos’ in a Resume. I am a Master’s student (Industrial Engineering) at UIUC. Disagree Essay! I am looking for summer internship in consulting firms. I graduated from Government College in Organizations & Society India. I have couple of leadership experiences and internship experiences in non-consulting background. My GRE quant score is 159/160(78 percentile) and Analytical Writing Score is 4.5/6.0. In my undergrad, I was in the top 7% of the class. What can I do to disagree essay, have a career in consulting?

Most of & Society, your articles mentioned consulting career for undergrads, MBA and PhD students. Communications! What is the scope for a Master’s student like me? I recently got an email from our graduate coordinator about internship opportunities in Mckinsey. Could you please suggest the Organizations & Society points I should emphasize in my Resume? Do I stand a chance to thesis, be considered for the internship?

P. S: Thanks much for Organizations & Society, your book. Ode To An Orange Essay! I just got that and it is & Society, awesome! Thanks for all the great comments. I’m wondering if MBB is disagree essay, a possibility for & Society, me- I graduated with a 3.3 gpa from Emory and majored in Economics/Math. I got a 720 on the GMAT and worked 3 years doing business analytics at a top retailer with 1 promotion. I just joined the Peace Corps to gain some international/volunteer experience and plan on attending a top 15 MBA program after. For MBB I am concerned about my undergraduate GPA but would definitely welcome the opportunity to work in ode to an orange essay an international office if that helps my chances. Realistically, MBB is out of Organizations & Society, reach with that GPA especially from disagree essay a non target school. Organizations! The GPA expectations internationally are often higher, so unfortunately that doesn’t help either. I would suggest targeting the next two tiers of firms.

I will be attending either LBS/Insead/Kellogg for ode to an orange essay, my MBA next fall and Organizations & Society, was wondering if you could help provide some feedback/guidance on getting into MBB. Through Play Essays! My background is: 700 gmat, 3.44/4.0 at Organizations, a US state school, 4 years working in sales marketing roles. Does MBB have minimum gmat requirements? Also if I am unable to secure a consulting internship, are there any other actions I can take to help transition into management consulting? Greatly appreciate any suggestions you have. Thanks. Thanks for your guidance. Ode To Essay! I am PhD candidate in biotechnology at Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, GPA :3.9/4. GRE: 800/800 in Quant. (May 2015, expected graduation) I have worked extensively with various teams, contributed toward 5 publications. Lead on 3 projects for first author publications in reputed peer-reviewed journal.

Filed 2 patent applications. Organizations! Also won 2nd place in business plan event to commercialize our technology. But since my university is not as reputed as ivy league schools, I was not sure if I can make this transition to strategy consulting. Also I do not have an MBA or other formal business degree. Babson Mba Essays! Please advise if I should focus on & Society, the top firms or next tiers? Any suggestions from you would be highly helpful. Thanks a lot, Best Regards,Ruchir Mundra. Thank you for your great articles.

I am wondering if MBB is out of reach because I have not yet taken GRE or GMAT even though I have a high GPA and am finishing up my PhD at a top Canadian university. Not necessarily. Learning Through Essays! The purpose of the Organizations & Society GMAT and GRE is to have some numerical measure of analytical skills that can be compared across candidates. If your university and program are well known, and its analytical rigor well understood, it may be sufficient. McKinsey may ask you to take the McKinsey Problem Solving Test — a kind of consulting version of the GMAT to communications, test your quantitative abilities. If you have a high GPA and a school the MBB firms recognize as a target school and your PhD is in a technical field, the lack of a GRE wouldn’t be a deal breaker. I’ve recently applied to MBB for summer internships and I didn’t even get an interview!

I was pretty surprised because I thought I had most of what was required on this article. I have a little under a 3.8 GPA from an Ivy, and I’m a double major in the hard sciences. & Society! I have a 750+ Math SAT. I have extracurriculars on campus that show leadership. Checker Grammar! The particular one I’m in Organizations & Society is very time consuming and maybe that wasn’t enough just to 2011, have one? I have experience in Organizations a research lab and I networked with some people who I knew from the firm (some other people I know who had lower GPA didn’t network at all and still got an interview at grammar punctuation, one of the firms). I don’t know where I went wrong! Do you have any thoughts?

It’s impossible to Organizations, know for sure. Ode To An Orange Essay! At the end of the day, a human being makes the decision and they are not 100% predictable. My best guess in no particular order: 1) resume was not formatted in ideal way such that your vitals stats were actually noticed in the first 5 seconds / the bullet points didn’t use the optimal phrasing of your extra curricular or work experiences. 2) your cover letter looked just like everybody else / didn’t highlight your vitals in & Society the first paragraph / didn’t name drop any big brand names / didn’t reference people you met at the firm you applied to. 3) your networking wasn’t strong enough such that someone you met informally endorsed you behind the babson scenes. For what it’s worth, I didn’t get any internship interviews either my junior year. I have been using your resources (including Resume ToolKit) for some time found it very useful. Thanks for the great service you are doing.

I’m a PhD candidate in a Top Australian University and & Society, I’m planning to apply for BCG, Bain, and essay checker, Accenture firms in Australia. 1. What are the & Society differences (if there are any) in Resume and Cover letter preparation for Australian consulting firms compared to USA confirms ? 2. Can I mention about my PhD in two sections of the Resume : Education section as an academic qualification and communications thesis, Experience section as a demonstration of problem solving and analytical skills. For a PhD you can use a full length academic PhD including all publications (no page limit on CV) or resume. In a resume, you can list it twice but avoid making it redundant. In experience you might focus on your research or teaching duties, in education on dates of attendance relevant test scores in your country and the like. I am currently pursuing my Masters of Science degree in Information Technology from the Hong Kong University of Science and Technology. In the preceding to my enrollment at HKUST, I worked as a consultant analyst with IBM in India.

I am now planning to apply to a few management consulting firms (KPMG, Bain) since I graduate in a few months time. & Society! I have a weak GPA ( 3.5/4) and scored 320/340 on the GRE. What are my chances of landing an punctuation interview at the aforementioned firms? Also, I will be applying to IBM for & Society, a management consulting post. Will my prior experience of essays, working with them in India put me in a better position than other candidates inspite of Organizations & Society, my relatively inferior academic performance? Hi Viktor, thanks for the great article. I agree that all these factors make the results quite predictable.

On the other hand side a big plus is always personality; whenever you can transmit that it gives you a great impact… I loved your article!! I have a question though. You have advised us to put people and leadership skills on 2011, our resume and said that skills related to Organizations, conflict resolution and team management help. I have such experiences on-job, but don’t know how to through essays, put them on Organizations & Society, resume. I can’t exactly say that I resolved a conflict between A and B and thus helped the project in X way. Please advice on how to put such experiences on resume. Use words like manager, work with colleagues, team member, etc… Use words that describe how you interact with people in general.

This is especially the case if your job title tends to disagree essay, imply you stare at a computer all day and don’t normally interact with people. Hi Victor! I come from a Canadian university studying undergrad Mathematics at a top university in Organizations Canada. My GPA system uses percentage. What does 3.5 translate to around? Of course it’s different everywhere but I was curious about the standards. I thought 3.5 was like a B+? Anyways my program is very difficult, and I went through a rough year getting a 61% average. However in 2nd and 3rd year, I’ve been getting a 90% average.

My gpa currently is questions, a high 70 and Organizations & Society, I’ve been doing various internships in disagree essay the finance industry. Will I have a chance at Organizations, MBB. I am sure if I get the interview I can make the cut, it’s just I’m worried about through play essays my GPA and don’t know how to compare since I am canadian student. I’d probably work in MBB firms in toronto if picked. I’m wondering how realistic getting a job at a top consulting company would be for me.

I’ll graduate from Clemson University in May with a B.S. in Economics and a B.A. in Organizations & Society French and International Trade. I have a 3.63 GPA and questions, a summer internship at VCE with their Business Process Group. I received a 720 on the math portion of the Organizations SAT and was thinking of taking the GMAT in the fall. Do you think there’s hope? For a top 3 firm, I’d say no chance without a top 5 MBA. For the disagree essay rest of the top 10, I’d says it’s a maybe. Best bet would be the & Society strategy arm of a former accounting firm with a local office near your school where alumni from your school work there.

If there are alumni there, it’s possible. I suggest getting on linkedin and essays, doing a search between your school and Organizations & Society, those firms. If you find some, then you would want to network your way into those forms. I have a networking guide available somewhere on this site that explains how. Essay Checker! With only a standard resume and cover letter to the recruiting department, I think you application would not pass the keyword filter. Your strongest asset is the math SAT score. A similar score on & Society, gmat would be confirmatory evidence. The issue is Clemson is not a target school for most firms. But if you can find an alum working there that will get your application considered, that would be enormously helpful. I think top 11-25 and boutiques would be your best bet.

Boutiques are small 10-100 person firms usually started by disagree essay a partner from a top 10 firm that went out on Organizations, his or her own. They typically have one office, in only one city, and focus on a single industry. I’m a PhD candidate at disagree essay, Johns Hopkins University. & Society! My undergraduate gpa is 3.9 (from a good university in learning play essays China). But my graduate gpa is somehow low ( 3.3). Organizations! Will this be a major burden when applying for consulting positions? I have a good list of publications, but not sure if it is important to the employers.

Did you get an communications thesis interview invite or the 3.3 GPS did not cut it? Hi, I am a prospect Oxford MBA candidate. & Society! But my GMAT is slightly on the lower side (Q45 V35). I want to work in Strategy consulting. What are my chances to break into firms such as LEK or AT Kearney or Deloitte? Do you think my GMAT is still low for these firms? 1) You mentioned that having a big-name company on your resume greatly improves your chances of getting interviewed. Is that the case even when the position you held has nothing to learning essays, do with business or consulting? I’m a Computer Science major, currently pursuing my undergrad, and am aiming for a big-name tech company (Google, Apple, Facebook, etc.) internship next summer. Is an internship like that likely to & Society, help me in getting a consulting position post-graduation, or should I try to get some more business-related experience in instead? 2) Standardized Tests.

Sometimes when I read about consulting I get confused on what’s expected of + essay, those applying post-undergrad, as it seems like most material is written for MBA’s. Do firms (specifically big 3 firms) look for Organizations & Society, standardized tests from undergrads? If so, does it make a difference whether they take the GMAT or GRE? 1) Yes a big brand name employer in disagree essay a non business role is & Society, desirable. It’s not your business experience they want. Essay Grammar Punctuation! They can teach you that. They want to hire someone who has been vetted by Organizations someone else and learning through play essays, been determined to be exceptional in their field (regardless of the field). 2) More important you score high than which standardized test. GRE, GMAT, SAT, LSAT, or MCAT all fine. I have three years of work experience consulting for a non-profit and a year for the World Bank. I have MPhil in Econ from Cambridge, 3.96 CGPA in my undergrad and & Society, 800 on play, my Math GRE score.

Do you think my profile is strong enough for McKinsey? Short answer is: yes. I seem to have different circumstances than most on here. I was a cop in Organizations & Society the military for 12 years. Essay Checker Grammar! I was in a leadership position, managing people and projects. I earned a bachelor’s in Organizations Business Administration while I was in, with a GPA of 3.4, from a cheap online school. Learning Essays! The military stressed a degree, but they didn’t care where from. I’ve begun looking for a second career and have become obsessed with consulting.

I don’t have any delusions of Organizations & Society, grandeur. I don’t think that I will ever get a chance to be a part of MBB. Disagree Essay! However, what are my chances, realistically, with a firm like Deloitte, or PWC? 1. I have been a telecom consultant – technical and strategy related for 10 years now – working for the biggest operators and vendors over 3 different continents. I am 33 years old. Do you think its wise for me to pursue a career at management consultant at this age? I just did my MBA (Distance Learning) from Warwick., 2. I was interested to & Society, buy your consulting resume package. Do you think it will be beneficial for me, considering I am going to mba essays 2011, apply for a ‘experienced position’? And is Organizations, LOMS aimed to help experienced candidates like me?

Ok, thats 3 questions! Most of the essay grammar punctuation questions asked focus on Organizations & Society, people with MBAs and essay grammar, PhDs but I was wondering how consulting companies looked at Organizations & Society, degrees like MDs/DOs? I am currently a medical student and essay, was wondering what the process would look like for Organizations, me/what would you look for a medical candidate who was curious about a career in consulting. Firms, McKinsey especially, do hire MD types. They are great with health care clients.

Process is similar as PhD recruiting process generally. Grammar Punctuation! Expectations and Organizations & Society, qualification criteria are similar. I really appreciate your time with us. Your comments are invaluable. I was curious how excellent is required by BA of top 5. I feel a lot of students have even much better experiences than mine. I don’t really have a “check-able” big name on communications thesis, my resume. – Ivy/ GPA 3.7/ Master/ Not business or engineering major/ GRE V85%+ Q95%

– three internships in major government agencies in NYC/ – did well in Organizations finance econ market analyses engineer classes. – thesis using four coding and analyses tools. – founder of three non-profit organizations during and after undergrad. – some athlete experience 10 years ago… Do you consider it a weak one or any advice for me? Thanks Victor! Based on your background, I think you’d be considered at a top 3 firm.

Be sure your GRE Q score is prominent on through, your resume. & Society! Shows you can do math even if math isn’t necessarily associated with your major or masters area of study. They might question why you want to work in business given your government and essay checker grammar punctuation, non-profit experience. You’d want to be prepared to answer that question. I am part time MBA candidate @ Kelley school of business. Organizations & Society! Got good career progression compare to proportionate length of my career and have strong alma matter like Michigan Tech, Cummins, Kelley school of Business and currently working as Manager in Google. However, No GMAT – Would that be an issue for MBB application in future? Do you have an SAT score?

The math score would be important. There’s an enormously high correlation between those with a 95%tile math standardized test score and disagree essay, those who get promoted at McKinsey (and other top 3 firms) after 2 years. I’ve seen it myself, those with high math scores are able to follow the logic of the work. If you didn’t, and they really liked you, they’d have you take one of their own internal math tests. But given the non ivy background, my guess is Organizations, if the math score wasn’t there, they wouldn’t bother with the extra effort to get a standardized math read on essay checker grammar, your abilities.

I didn’t have SAT score but I scored 780/800 in GRE Quant section. Do you think GRE Quant score can help? Yes a GRE quant score would be perfectly acceptable as well. Organizations & Society! A 780 GRE quant is inline with other people at the top firms. Definitely include the score on your resume. I have read through all the comments, and there is no-one in thesis my situation… Flawless academic record (1st in Organizations & Society my entire country!!), 800 Math SAT, Yale University, Computer Science major, went to work for a French consultancy… in 1999. I spent some years working for the consultancy, then became technical director of a start-up, then took a few years off to raise a family (of academic superstars!).

I also travelled the world running half-marathons in disagree essay a dozen different countries, speak several languages, and am a Cordon Bleu certified pastry chef. But I know I am not exactly a top consulting firm profile. Organizations! I wouldn’t even consider it, but a close family member is a successful McKinsey consultant and honestly believes the role is PERFECT for me. I have a reputation as a genius… but I’m afraid it’s outdated, and possibly wiped out completely by the time off to raise the family. What do you think? Is there an age limit? And what about a long gap in work experience (but surely raising a family is a valid reason?)?

No age limit. Your background is interesting. Learning! You would need to explain why consulting fits into Organizations, your career plans at this particular moment in time. If your GPA at disagree essay, Yale was high, I would definitely put that on your resume. The story you want to convey is you were the kind of candidate McKinsey would have interviewed upon graduating from college, and & Society, now they’re getting another chance. You would want to acknowledge your more recent background is a bit atypical, explain how it would benefit the firm and its clients, and also explain how if you got the essay punctuation job you would stay for some time. The concern would be you would be dabbler and not take consulting seriously. If your GPA were strong and you could provide reasonable answers to the above questions, I would select your resume for interview. I currently studying Mechanical Engineering at & Society, UC Berkeley.

Would you consider UC Berkeley for ode to an orange essay, engineering (a top 3) an equivalent to the Ivy brand recognition you talk about, for someone studying engineering? I am applying to the Next Generation Women Leaders Program at McKinsey. I know this is not an internship opportunity but I am only & Society a Sophomore so I am trying to get one for next year. Is a 1960 score on the SAT too low – should I not list it on my resume? I am wondering if they care for these types of essay, programs (they do not ask on the application), I do not want to put it on Organizations, if they think it would be too low and am unsure if they would ask. Since it’s not an play essays actual job application, if they don’t request your score, it’s fine to leave it out. A 1960 score on the SAT would likely be considered low by McKinsey standards. When you apply, you will need to included your score.

If you don’t, an administrative recruiter will to ask you for Organizations, your scores before your resume is ever read by babson 2011 a decision maker. However, a good GPA in Organizations & Society management/finance does not make you good with numbers or smart with numbers. I have taken many finance courses and it is thesis, nothing compared to what math people do. Organizations! In management, everything you nee to know is in play essays a book, or in Organizations past finals, past midterms. You memorize and essay checker punctuation, apply, and you don’t need to understand the real logic behind all the elements in Organizations & Society a formula. Thank you very much. Disagree Essay! The resources you’ve provided are invaluable. I’ll be applying as a advanced degree holder to Organizations & Society, consulting firms (aiming for top 10) this cycle and am considering re-taking some standardized tests. I have a BA Physics from UC Berkeley (3.60 GPA) and will be applying as Engineering PhD graduate from learning through play UCLA (3.62 GPA). What do you think my GRE and SAT scores should be if I am to stand a chance for the top 10?

Thanks again for & Society, everything. For top 3 firms, anything over babson mba essays 2011 95% percentile is clearly sufficient. Over 90% percentile is often acceptable if the Organizations rest of the package is strong. If there’s a math break out to communications, the standardized test, they’re looking for 95%+. If you’re already over 90%, probably not worth re-taking the test. A better use of your time would be to Organizations, network and make contacts within your target firms. Ode To Essay! Better ROI on your time. For rest of top 10 firms, you can probably drop those “cut-offs” (they aren’t hard and fast cut offs), by 5% – 15% depending on the firm and Organizations, where there in the top 10. Thanks for disagree essay, this article – it’s been really useful for me. I realised after reading it my CV was lacking experience with a “big name” employer, so I pursued these opportunities.

I’ve been offered an internship at Taylor Wimpey (UK’s biggest house builder, FTSE100), but it’s in health and Organizations & Society, safety (the job description makes it sound pretty unimpressive) I’m unsure whether it will improve my CV for strategy consulting purposes. The alternative would be to stay on at the CSR consultancy I currently work for: we have some well-known FTSE100 clients, but there’s not much room for promotion/new responsibilities in the company. Any advice you have would be appreciated. By the way, I’m based in the UK and planning to apply for graduate roles there in September. Neither situation seems ideally suited on the basis of being a stepping stone to strategy consulting. You might consider making the decision based on other factors or if time permits look for a third option. Thank you very much for disagree essay, your advice.

I appreciate you taking the time to answer. That sounds like a good plan. I would like to know your feedback on my special case. I am an American citizen that lived in Lebanon for almost my entire life, and I studied Mechanical Engineering at the American University of Beirut. I would like to know what firms do you think would consider me for an interview, the following is a brief profile description. Cumulative GPA: 3.15. GPA during the Organizations last 2 semesters: 3.67. Experiences: Research assistant at thesis, the University of Houston, and Organizations, an intern for a local boutique consultancy firm. Extracurricular activities: President of the Engineering Student Society, varsity player in 2 sports, student representative..

I have a question about my poor SAT scores. An Orange! I did poorly on Organizations & Society, my SAT with total composite of learning through play, 1800+ and Organizations, math 710(which is on questions, the boarder line). This year, I successfully transferred to an Ivy League school through an engineering program and I’m going to be a raising junior this academic with a relative good college GPA. I’m very interested in going into Consulting/IB(Capital Markets), especially MBB and the bulge bracket. I recognized that my low SAT score may hinder my path in the future, do you recommend me taking it again soon? This is a tough one. Your math SAT is good enough for & Society, a resume reader to disagree essay, read the rest of your resume. The other part of the SAT is Organizations, low. My hesitation is it takes a lot of babson, time to make meaningful improvements in your scores. If you think you might be going to graduate school or b-school, you might consider taking the GRE or GMAT instead.

I’d like at the relative weights of those tests math vs all else and see if the structure of the test fits better with your strengths. If your career plan involves taking the Organizations & Society GMAT at some point in time, it’s an easier decision to communications, take it a little earlier than you otherwise would. It’s harder to & Society, justify retaking a test you have no use for other than a single bullet point on your resume. I am an advanced degree candidate (Ph.D) and I am hoping to move into management consulting in one of MBBs. My issue currently is that I did not have to take a standardized test for my Ph.D. in engineering program in a top 15 graduate schools. Is having standardized test results a requirement for cells + essay, my application? Do you suggest that I take either the GMAT or GRE so that I can have a standardized test score on my resume? or focus my energy on case studies?

Thank you so much. Did you ever take the SAT or ACT? If so, use that. Otherwise, I would check the McKinsey website and potentially call the on campus recruiting coordinator and ask your question. I don’t think it’s worth taking those tests if you can avoid it. Most likely if McKinsey has concerns, they would have you take the McKinsey Problem Solving Test to get a read on your quantitative skills. I’m unclear on how other firms would handle it. Basically you need some way to objectively prove you can think logically (and math test performance is a good proxy for this school, but not the only one). If you’re PhD is in Organizations & Society mathematics that would be one alternative.

If you’re a teach assistant in some kind of math or statistics class that would be another. If you’ve won any awards and + essay, can show your percentile rank, that would be another.

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Republic of India Bharat . Ganrajya Horizontal tricolour flag bearing, from top to bottom, deep saffron, white, and green horizontal bands. In the centre of the white band is a navy-blue wheel with 24 spokes. Three lions facing left, right, and toward viewer, atop a frieze containing a galloping horse, a 24-spoke wheel, and an elephant. Underneath is a motto: ??????? ????. Organizations? Flag Emblem Motto: Satyameva Jayate. Bay of Bengal , India , Jana Gana Mana 735 Words | 4 Pages. Dictionaries qft C6Tm Compiled by. Iq) S.No. Name of Dictionary . Disagree Essay? Ri. 1. A Practical Hindi -English Mahendra Dictionary Chaturvedi Dr. Bholanath Tiwari National Publishing Rs.175.00 House, 23, Darya Ganj New Delhi -110002 ( India ) Rajpal Sons Kashmere Gate Delhi-ll0006 ( India ) Vani Prakashan 21-A, Darya Ganj New Delhi-ll0002 ( India ) Rs.150.00 2. Learners' Hindi -English Dictionary . & Society? Delhi , Dictionary , India 302 Words | 3 Pages. Communications Thesis? year 2005 to 2007, which is: 15% in 2005 17% in 2006 18% in Organizations & Society, 2007 * But the growth in essays, the year 2008 is Organizations & Society estimated to be only 17%. *Source: AdEx Report-2007. . * 5. The Growth of babson, TV market YoY 2005 2006 2007 2008( ESTIMATED ) 15% 17% 18% 17% * 6 . Growth in TV amp; Media Industry * Cumulative Annual Growth Rate (CAGR) is appx.18%, which is the forecast for the industry over & Society next 5 years period. * Reasons for Growth:- Technological Advancements.

Entry of large corporate players in checker punctuation, all segments. Advertising , Audience measurement , Broadcasting 1919 Words | 5 Pages. Government Official country name:? India Government System:? Constitutional Federal (federation) Republic Head of State:? . Pranab Mukherjee Official Languages:? Hindi , English Region:? Asia Allies/blocs:? Russia, Singapore, South Korea People Population:? 1,220,800,358 Growth Rate:? 1.51% Major religions/cultures:? Hinduism, Islam, Christianity, Sikhism, Buddhism Standard of living:? Overall life expectancy rate: 65 infant mortality rate:? 72 per 1,00 live births literacy rate:?. Child mortality , India , Millennium Development Goals 933 Words | 3 Pages. Capital New Delhi 28°36.8?N 77°12.5?E / 28.6133°N 77.2083°E Largest city Mumbai Official languages Hindi English Hindiin the . Devanagariscript is the official language of the Union.

Englishis an additional co-official language for & Society Government work. [ 1 ] [ 4 ] Recognised regional languages 8th Schedule Assamese Bengali Bodo Dogri Gujarati Hindi Kannada Kashmiri Konkani Maithili Malayalam Manipuri Marathi Nepali Oriya Punjabi Sanskrit Santali Sindhi Tamil Telugu Urdu [ 5. Through Essays? Bay of Organizations, Bengal , India , Indo-Aryan languages 446 Words | 3 Pages. Class 6 Sample Preparation Outline with Commentary India. the guidelines that govern writing a preparation outline. The commentary explains the procedures used in babson 2011, organizing the speech and writing the Organizations & Society outline. . Confirm with your teacher to see if she or he wants you to include a title with your outline. India : Land of Diversity Neera Nijhawan Commentary Preparation Outline Stating your specific purpose and central idea as separate units before the text of the outline makes it easier to judge how well you have constructed the learning play essays outline to achieve your. Deccan Plateau , Geography of India , Hindi 1139 Words | 2 Pages. List of Organizations & Society, Newspapers in India by Readership. Babson 2011? ? List of newspapers in India by readership From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Jump to: navigation, search This is a list of the . newspapers in India by readership in the three-month period ended December 31, 2012.[1] These figures are compiled by & Society, Media Research Users Council in the Indian Readership Survey (IRS) 2012 Q4.

This data is based on sample survey and is modelled on internationally accepted annual sample spread. The IRS is the largest continuous readership research study in. Chennai , Delhi , Haryana 542 Words | 6 Pages. Hindi Nationalism This piece on Hindu nationalism, written by Alok Rai, deals with the coming of modern Hindi in essays, the late 90s . and the early 20s. Alok Rai who is also known as a critical thinker, theorist and also the grandson of Premchand makes his readers aware of the process of modernization in the case of Organizations & Society, language. In this essay we get to witness a connection between Hindi (old Hindi ) and “ Hindi ” (new Hindi ). Making of disagree essay, Hindi as a modern language connects to the programme of the imagining the. Braj Bhasha , Hindi , Hindi languages 1413 Words | 4 Pages. Lexical Approach for Sentiment Analysis in Hindi. Lexical Approach for Sentiment Analysis in Hindi Santosh K IIITH Hyderabad, India Rahul Sharma IIITH Hyderabad, . India Chiranjeev Sharma IIITH Hyderabad, India ABSTRACT This paper presents a study on sentiment analysis and opinion mining in Organizations, Hindi on product reviews. We experimented with several methods, mainly focusing on communications thesis lexical based approaches. Di?erent lexicons were used on same data set to analyse the signi?cance of lexical based approaches.

2.1 Lexicon Two di?erent lexicons. Adjective , Adverb , Lexeme 1427 Words | 6 Pages. popular destinations in India amongst the travelers from India and abroad. & Society? When the place comes of tourist spots, one cannot stop . Learning Play Essays? himself from places like Cochin, Manner, Alleppey, and Kumarakom, which offer an additional flavor for people traveling to Kerala. Mumbai Located on the west coast of India , Mumbai is the & Society commercial capital of India , where thousand of an orange essay, people come for their trade and business.

Moreover, for visitors, who want to see Mumbai, then the best season is in between the months. Delhi , Edwin Lutyens , Herbert Baker 882 Words | 3 Pages. Few countries in the world have such an ancient and diverse culture as India’s. India’s physical, religious and racial variety is Organizations as important as the history . of babson 2011, how it become what “Modern India .” In India , religion is very important to & Society the people. It is a major part of the entire Indian tradition. For the majority of Indians, religion takes over every aspect of life, from commonplace daily chores to education and politics.

Hinduism is the dominant faith, practiced by over 80% of the population. Besides. Bangladesh , Buddhism , Hindu 1044 Words | 3 Pages. years of Independence! What did we achieve in these 65 years is ode to a rhetorical question for which answers can be affirmative and negative. No doubt that . India is a safer country, a country where the living cost is cheaper. This is the & Society place where you can have the speech freedom complaining the system without providing any suggestions or alternative. India is fast developing and all Indians dream of becoming a developed nation by 2020, it’s high time for + essay we Indians to Organizations & Society think whether we can achieve this. Checker Punctuation? A. P. J. Abdul Kalam , Developed country , Developing country 1409 Words | 4 Pages. and when the wind changes again it brings drought to the land. This creates a wet and a dry season in some areas, such as the Indian region. . However, this is not a set of & Society, wet and 2011, dry seasons , the monsoon varies from year to year and even from day to Organizations & Society day. The word “monsoon” is believed to have originated from the Arabic word mausem, which itself means “ season ” (Fein Stephens, 1987, p.3). During the wet season of the monsoon intensive, storms and cells questions, rainfall occurs.

In the case of the Organizations Indian monsoon, during. Agriculture , Atmospheric pressure , Climate 1070 Words | 3 Pages. In Culture of India | | History | People | Languages | Traditions | Mythology and folklore | Cuisine | Festivals | Religion . | Art[show] | Literature[show] | Music and cells + essay, performing arts[show] | Media[show] | Sport | Monuments[show] | Symbols[show] | Culture portal India portal | * v * t * e | Dance in India comprises the varied styles of dances in Organizations, the country. As with other aspects of Indian culture, different forms of dances originated in different. Bollywood , Dance , Dance in India 2109 Words | 7 Pages. Cells + Essay? he Constitution of India is the supreme law of India . It lays down the framework defining fundamental political principles, . Organizations? establishes the structure, procedures, powers, and duties of government institutions, and sets out fundamental rights, directive principles, and the duties of citizens. It is the longest[1] written constitution of any sovereign country in the world, containing 444[Note 1] articles in 22 parts, 12 schedules and 118 amendments. Besides the Hindi version, there is an babson mba essays 2011 official English. & Society? British Empire , British Raj , Constitution of India 853 Words | 3 Pages. Tense Chart For translation from Hindi to disagree essay English Tense ??? ???? ????? Positive Present Indefinite Present Continuous Present Perfect . Present Perfect Continuous Past Indefinite Past Continuous Past Perfect Past Perfect Continuous Future Indefinite Future continuous Future Perfect Helping Verb ??? ???? Form of the Organizations & Society verb first first third first Verb + ? Verb+S ?? es in third person singular Verb+ing ??? ???? +ing with since or for. Since with certainity and for with uncertainity ??? ????. Grammatical aspect , Grammatical conjugation , Grammatical number 543 Words | 3 Pages.

The constitution of India (Article 343) recognises Hindi as the official language of India . Hindi is . + Essay Questions? also the main language in many states of India such as Haryana, Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh, Uttaranchal/ Uttarakhand, Bihar, Madhya Pradesh, Chhatisgarh and Himachal Pradesh. It is spoken by more than 437 million people in the world. Organizations & Society? The other dialects of Hindi are Brajbhasha, Bundeli, Awadhi, Marwari, Maithili, Bhojpuri, to babson mba essays 2011 name only Organizations, a few. Hindi can be traced back to as early as the babson seventh or. Chhayavaad , Hindi , Hindi literature 1435 Words | 5 Pages.

Report on India : Diverse Culture and Languages . Ketan Prajapati, Work Environment Communication Introduction India is Organizations & Society a huge multicultural country with different religions and different languages. The culture of India is babson one of the Organizations oldest and learning essays, unique. In India , there is amazing cultural diversity throughout the country. Every religion. Buddhism , Hindi , India 1960 Words | 7 Pages. conducted individually Hindi (North India Language) English (North India Language) Urdu (North . India Language) Punjabi (North India Language) Kashmiri (North India Language) Tamil (South India Language) Kannada (South India Language) Telugu (South India Language) 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 Sr 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 Language in which essay competitions is to be conducted individually Malayalam (South India Language) Gujarati (West India Language) Marathi (West India Language) Assamese. East India , India , Languages of India 972 Words | 7 Pages. religion from & Society, Islam to Hinduism. It was just a case of a change of babson mba essays 2011, name by an affidavit. And so Feroze Khan became Feroze Gandhi, though it is an . inconsistent name like Bismillah Sarma. Both changed their names to fool the public of India . Organizations? When they returned to India , a mock vedic marriage was instituted for public consumption.

Thus, Indira and her descendants got the fancy name Gandhi. Both Nehru and Gandhi are fancy names. As a chameleon changes its colour, this dynasty have been changing its name. Allahabad , Indian National Congress , Indira Gandhi 2395 Words | 7 Pages. Bollywood ( Hindi : #2348;#2377;#2354;#2368;#2357;#2369;#2337;, Urdu: ECa#1740; ??) is the informal name given to the popular . Mumbai-based Hindi -language film industry in India (Bharat). The term is often incorrectly used to refer to the whole of cells + essay, Hindi cinema. Bollywood is only a part of the Bhartiya film industry.

The name is a portmanteau of Bombay (the former name for Mumbai) and Hollywood, the center of the American film industry. Though some deplore the name, arguing that it makes the. Asha Bhosle , Bollywood , Cinema of India 1014 Words | 3 Pages. ------------------------------------------------- List of Presidents of India The Main Gate of Rashtrapati Bhavan, the Organizations & Society official residence . Through Essays? of the President of India The President of India is the head of state and Organizations, first citizen of India . The President is also the Commander-in-Chief of the armed forces of India .[1] Although the president is vested such powers by the constitution of India , the position is ode to largely a ceremonial role and the executive powers are de facto exercised by the Cabinet Ministers and Prime. India , Indian National Congress , Lok Sabha 1478 Words | 5 Pages. “PIRACY AND FILM INDUSTRY IN INDIA ” (With special reference to Tollywood) A presentation submitted in Organizations, partial fulfillment of the Masters . Degree (M.Sc) in Visual communication By GUNNA KARTHIK DEPARTMENT OF VISUAL COMMUNICATION ANDHRA LOYOLA COLLEGE Vijayawada (2010-2011) CONTENTS Research Topic Introduction Review of Literature Research Hypothesis Research Objectives Research Questions Research Methodology Scope of the learning play essays Study . Bengali cinema , Bollywood , Cinema of India 1204 Words | 7 Pages. Objectification of women in India You can tell the & Society condition of a Nation by looking at the status of disagree essay, its Women. Jawaharlal Nehru, Leader of . India's Independence movement, and India's first Prime Minister. According to a global poll conducted by Thomson Reuters, India is the Organizations & Society fourth most dangerous country in the world for essay women and the worst country for Organizations & Society women among the G20 countries. Cells + Essay Questions? Today's India offers a lot of opportunities to women, with women having a voice in everyday life, the business. Bollywood , Bride burning , History of & Society, India 1217 Words | 4 Pages. ? India is a large country.

Harboring more than 2 billion people, it'll soon break records of overpopulation held by communications, China. Organizations & Society? The men here are . said to mba essays be brave, kind and Organizations, chivalrous. The women considered, traditional, learned and hospitable. The cities here are abundant in whatever they sow and breed stupendous cavalry to charge. The rich bring in fine money to disagree essay buy fine luxuries for the eyes of fine people. Democracy prevails. & Society? The unwanted die. The important live.

Each state highlights its accomplishments. Electric charge , English-language films , Light 672 Words | 2 Pages. Food Dance and Language of States of India 1. States of ode to an orange essay, India Posted On 2014-09-24 India is a state of diverse cultures, religions, traditions and beliefs. The country is home . to millions of people who exhibit diversity in their thoughts, lifestyles, worship and work but are united in one spirit in the love for Organizations their country. A journey through India is a revelation for many and this is one of the main reasons why many foreigners flock to an orange India to & Society explore its myriad colours. The distinctively distinguishable customs and traditions of India give it. Dance , Gujarat , India 961 Words | 4 Pages. constitution. The 86th constitutional amendment has also made elementary education a fundamental right for the children between the age group- . Ode To An Orange Essay? 6 to 14.

According to the 2001 census, the total literacy rate in Organizations & Society, India is 65.38%. The female literacy rate is ode to an orange only 54.16%. & Society? The gap between rural and play, urban literacy rate is Organizations & Society also very significant in learning, India . This is Organizations & Society evident from the ode to essay fact that only 59.4% of rural population is literate as against 80. 3% urban population according to the 2001 census. In order. Education , High school , Higher education 2361 Words | 7 Pages. Science writing in & Society, Hindi appears to have began in 1818 (Patariya, 2000) with the publication of a magazine named “ Hindi . Digdarshan,” copies of learning, which were circulated to many schools in West Bengal. ‘Digdarshan' regularly incorporated materials on science, a trend that was not in vogue at that time even in Organizations, contemporary reputed Hindi publication 'Udant martand' (1928) credited to be the first Hindi newspaper. Patairiya (2000) further narrates that a questionnaire related to chemistry way. Delhi , Hindi , Popular science 1626 Words | 5 Pages. Play? contributed towards the development of the Organizations & Society language. The Urdu- Hindi controversy started with the fall of the Mughal Empire.

This is because . the Hindus felt that Urdu was a language of the invaders as many Turkish, Arabic and Persian words had been added to it. Therefore, the Hindus demanded a separate language which could rightly identify them and be nearer to their religion. Rahman (1996) says that according to the linguists, Urdu and Hindi are ‘two styles of the same language’ as their basic vocabulary. Ode To An Orange? Hindi , Hindustani language , India 1338 Words | 4 Pages. Analysis of India This paper will provide the advantages and disadvantages of different facets that fall within the PEST analysis: . political, economical, social, and Organizations & Society, technological aspects of cells + essay, India . Political: India is the biggest democracy in the world, with a government type of federal republic. Organizations & Society? The country’s form of government mimics the mba essays 2011 United States with its federal structure.

The federal government consists of executive, legislative, and judicial branches. & Society? In addition, India has adopted. Central Intelligence Agency , Economic system , Economics 1064 Words | 4 Pages. Mahatma Gandhi: (2 October 1869 – 30 January 1948) (Father of the Nation, Rashtrapita, ???????????) was the pre-eminent political and spiritual leader of . India during the checker punctuation Indian independence movement. He was the pioneer of satyagraha—resistance to tyranny through mass civil disobedience, firmly founded upon ahimsa or total non violence—which led India to Organizations & Society independence and inspired movements for civil rights and freedom across the world. Gandhi led nationwide campaigns to ease poverty, expand women's rights.

Bengal , Hinduism , India 2299 Words | 7 Pages. Jessica Shaw December 3, 2011 Individual Project Ale and Lager Beer in India Beer first appeared in essay grammar, India in & Society, the . Questions? mid-1700’s, during the early years of the British Empire. & Society? The demand of checker, beer came from the Organizations & Society British troops and other British officials who were suffering in the blistering heat of the Indian climate. The demand for beer was at such a high rate that a British distributor, George Hogson, developed a special type of beer in thesis, his brewery in London, England. Organizations? The beer was dubbed Indian. Ale , Beer , Beer style 1313 Words | 4 Pages. Indianization of English Media in India. Checker Punctuation? INDIANIZATION OF ENGLISH MEDIA IN INDIA 1. THE BEGINNINGS OF INDIANIZATION OF ENGLISH Indianization of English media has become a reality . Organizations? nowadays, which cannot be overlooked. Questions? It is Organizations a bi-product of the Indian cultural renaissance of the nineteenth century. The root of English in the Indian sub-continent can be traced back to the incident of 31st December, 1600, when Queen Elizabeth I granted a charter to a few merchants of ode to, London, giving them a monopoly of trade with India . Organizations & Society? Initially English had to contend. Dialect , English language , India 1689 Words | 5 Pages.

Page 1 of 6 Writing Devanagari words using Baraha transliteration scheme is as easy as writing our names in English. ???? ???? ???? can be . Essay? written as merA bhArat mahAn. Devanagari script used for Sanskrit, Hindi , and Marathi languages are supported in Baraha. Other languages such as Konkani, Sindhi and Nepali that use devanagari script, can also be used. The transliteration rules are shown below with examples. See: Transliteration Examples Vowel: ? = a, ? = A,aa, ? = i, ? = I,ee, ? =. Devanagari , Konkani language , Latin alphabet 785 Words | 6 Pages. suited to Organizations the rainy hill regions of Northeast India , over other forms of agriculture such as valley or terrace cultivation. Studies have . further proved that, contrary to arguments of soil infertility, the practice of learning through, jhum ensures that fallowness in the soil is not compromised on, and Organizations & Society, often rapid regeneration of the disagree essay vegetation takes place once a tract of land is abandoned after cultivation. CLIMATE CHANGE Climate Change its Impact on India India , the seventh largest country in the world and the. Agriculture , Economics , Economy 2300 Words | 6 Pages. Indian Tribes : Among the 68 million citizens of India who are members of tribal groups, the Indian tribal religious concepts, terminologies, . and practices are as varied as the hundreds of tribes, but members of these groups have one thing in common: they are under constant pressure from the major organized religions.

Some of this pressure is intentional, as outside missionaries work among tribal groups to gain converts. Most of the pressure, however, comes from the process of integration within. Adivasi , Arunachal Pradesh , Assam 1471 Words | 4 Pages. The wet season , monsoon . season or rainy season is the time of year when most of a region's average annual rainfalloccurs. It usually lasts one or more months.The term green season is also sometimes used as aeuphemism by tourist authorities.

Areas with wet seasons are dispersed across portions of the tropics andsubtropics.Under the Koppen climate classification, fo In contrast to areas. Climate , Monsoon , Monsoon trough 1100 Words | 4 Pages. & Society? Country Profile India http://www.dnb.co.in/IndianRetailIndustry/overview.asp . http://www.ukessays.com/essays/business/international-business-strategy-of-amorepacific.php http://www.indianmirror.com/indian-industries/cosmetics.html http://www.thenational.ae/thenationalconversation/industry-insights/retail/a-makeover-for- indias -cosmetics-industry http://www.fco.gov.uk/en/travel-and-living-abroad/travel-advice-by-country/country-profile/asia-oceania/ india http://articles.economictimes.indiatimes. Caste , Caste system in India , Complex family 1900 Words | 6 Pages. impact of western culture on india. people are becoming more modernized.

They totally get involved in style and want to look trendy. They get annoyed hearing Indian music which have Ragas, . Talas which give us pleasure. But on the other hand the GEN-Y’ers only like pop, rock and hip-hop. India offers a number of classical dance each of which can be traced to different parts of the country and because of the western outlook most of them tend to follow it. Some festivals are associated with renowned historical or cultural places like the Khajrao. Culture , Culture of India , Globalization 2576 Words | 7 Pages. Weather and Seasons What's the weather like in spring? 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 SUMMER COLD WEAR SUNGLASSES . MITTENS COAT DECEMBER SPRING WEATHER DRY Across Down 5. We wear _____ to mba essays keep the hands warm in the winter.

7. In China, the Organizations & Society winter is usually in ______ , January and February. 9. We wear _______ and shorts in the summer. 10. What's the opposite of wet? 1. I usually wear my orange _____ in the winter. 2. It's usually hot and sunny in _______ . 3. In. + Essay Questions? Autumn , Jon Foreman , Lowercase people records 264 Words | 5 Pages. Federalism in India Abstract India is a big country characterized by cultural, regional, linguistic and geographical . diversities. Such a diverse and Organizations, vast country cannot be administered and ruled from ode to essay, a single centre.

Historically, though India was not a federal state, its various regions enjoyed adequate autonomy from central rule. Keeping in & Society, view these factors in communications thesis, mind, the Constitution makers of India opted for the federal form of government. Though, the Government of India Act 1935 envisaged. Constitution of India , Federal government , Federal government of the United States 1707 Words | 6 Pages. Organizations? ?A PASSAGE TO INDIA Introduction: Forster is a distinguished novelist both in modern English and world literature history. After the author's . two visits to essay India , the great novel A Passage to India (1924) was produced; it is a novel by E. M. & Society? Forster set against disagree essay the backdrop of the British Raj and Organizations, the Indian independence movement in the 1920s. In a word, it is communications thesis a novel of cultural, social, psychological, and religious conflict arising mainly from clashes between India's native population and Organizations, British. A Passage to India , Barabar Caves , Cave 2426 Words | 7 Pages. Cells + Essay Questions? Arutprakasa Vallalar Chidambaram Ramalingam (Tamil: ??????????? ???????? ????????? ????????? ??????) (5 October 1823 – 30 January 1874), whose pre-monastic . name was Ramalingam, is commonly known in India and across the world[1] as Vallalar (Tamil:????????).

He was one of the Organizations most famous Tamil Saints and also one of the greatest Tamil poets of the 19th century[2] and belongs to disagree essay a line ofTamil saints known as gnana siddhars (gnana means higher wisdom). The Suddha Sanmarga Sangam[3] was spread and. Chidambaram , Human body , Shiva 1874 Words | 7 Pages. ? Poverty in India 963 million people around the world are living in hunger, 923 million people are malnourished, about 5.6 million children . die each year from Organizations, malnutrition and one-third of the disagree essay world’s poverty is Organizations just in India . Through? India has one of the fastest growing economies in & Society, the world, that’s why so many wonder why their poverty rate isn’t decreasing faster. The majority of Indians are living off of an average of babson mba essays, 2 dollars per Organizations day, most living in villages and farm lands live off of less. Cells + Essay Questions? I will. Amartya Sen , Caste , India 2231 Words | 6 Pages. Organizations? PROJECT TRANSPORT OF INDIA OBJECTIVE 1. To develop an understanding of thesis, terms, concepts and principles related to geography. 2. To . understand the use of natural resources and development of regions by mankind. 3. To know the availability of resources, understand, explain their uses and Organizations, appreciate the problems of development in India and cells questions, South Asia. INTRODUCTION A well-knit and coordinated system of transport is the lifeline of modern India and its developing economy.

Mode of transport , Rail transport , Rail transport in India 1714 Words | 20 Pages. India , “The land of Lords” is the world’s ancient civilization. India is also the land of various cultural diversities, where you . will find a beautiful contrast of customary and contemporary ingredients. It is a place where you experience spirituality and solitude together. Organizations? India is a land with legendary sagas, rich rituals, distinct cultures, various festivals and ceremonies. Also a land of historical monuments, architectural miracles and rich historical past. Let us know more about India 5,000. Hinduism , History of India , India 845 Words | 3 Pages. Volkswagen Group India emphasized on communications thesis all aspects of Organizations, marketing mix including product, price, place and promotion.

The company offered three . brands including Audi, Skoda and Volkswagen that together comprised of 15 different models as of cells + essay questions, late 2009. Organizations? Volkswagen Group India mainly catered to the luxury segment of the Indian car market. The company had established presence in India through separate distribution channels for each of its brands. Communications Thesis? In its initial years, Volkswagen Group India primarily used. Advertising , Automobile industry in India , BMW 1856 Words | 5 Pages. (GK) 2. Mathematical Aptitude 3. Reasoning 4. English language SECTION-II QUESTIONS - ESSAY: Essay Writing on Given Topics, IB ACIO Exam has Three . Topics for Essay(Not more than 400 words): 1) Emergency Trends in india 2) Security threats in & Society, India 3) Cultural Diversity In India SECTION-I QUESTIONS -GK, APTITUDE QUESTIONS: 1. How many languages and dialects are spoken by people all over the world? A. 6,000 B. 9,000 C. 4,000 D. An Orange Essay? 1,000 Ans: C 2. Approximately, how many people speak Chinese. Organizations & Society? Aptitude , Dhyan Chand , English language 712 Words | 4 Pages. The leaders of our freedom movement, under the stewardship of Mahatma Gandhi, had dreamt of an independent and prosperous India . On this day in . 1947, Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru took the first step towards the realization of that dream by hoisting the an orange essay Tricolour at the Red Fort. Organizations & Society? The journey we began on 15 August, 1947 is now 65 years old. We have achieved much in these 65 years. Today is certainly a day to celebrate the babson success of Organizations, our democracy.

However, on babson 2011 this occasion we should also introspect about. Democracy , India , Indian independence movement 1199 Words | 3 Pages. The Colors of India “Taste is & Society colored not just by the gustatory properties of the food itself, but its smell, sound, and appearance as well . Essay? as by expectations… (Len Tiu Wright, 1).” In India , every corner turned is a plunge into cultural diversity. & Society? The people, the landscape, the aroma-infused air; to us it seems so exotic, but most of them probably don’t think twice about their divergent surroundings. That’s because, “while in through play essays, India , living with cultural diversity is living in an environment.

Caste , India , Indian bread 2227 Words | 6 Pages. Organizations? business opportunities and has entered through a joint venture with Tata Global Beverages and worked to create best business in India . Cells + Essay Questions? . Business Strategy To Generate Best Business In India : Starbucks is & Society selecting strategy in a systematic manner by opening stores only in prominent locations to attract more consumers and starting with the small business to create best business in India . Giving customers a high quality coffee experience along with comfortable and spacious facility where they could spend their. Business , Coffee , Coffeehouse 1093 Words | 3 Pages. 2011? DOING BUSINESS WITH INDIA REALITIES, MYTHS PERCEPTIONS ANMOL SOOD JALTEK GROUP 18TH MARCH 2010 DOING BUSINESS WITH INDIA . INTRODUCTION Talk will focus on doing business in India keeping in mind 4 perspectives: 1. INVESTOR 2. TRADE ACQUIRER 3. TRADE DIVESTMENT 4. TRADING RELATIONSHIP I will show a slightly different perspective to TCS! Controversial – POI perspective! No IST (Indian Standard Time!) – will keep to strict timings (hopefully!) www.jaltek-group.com JALTEK GROUP INTRODUCTION . Economics , Financial market , India 915 Words | 5 Pages. Economic Opportunities in India 1 Economic Opportunities in the Country of India Sean P. Horton International . Business 260 Mr. Russell March 22, 2009 Economic Opportunities in India 2 Abstract While researching the economic opportunities in the country of India , we can see trends, such as that of Organizations & Society, calls being outsourced to India , signifying a vision of globalization, increased competition and market share. India is poised to become and remain a global competitor in. Culture , Culture of India , Economics 1920 Words | 6 Pages. Disagree Essay? Agriculture in & Society, India has a significant history. Essay Checker Grammar? Today, India ranks second worldwide in farm output.

Agriculture and Organizations, allied . Communications Thesis? sectors like forestry andfisheries accounted for 16.6% of the GDP in Organizations, 2009, about 50% of the total workforce.[1] The economic contribution of agriculture to India's GDP is steadily declining with the country's broad-based economic growth. Still, agriculture is demographically the broadest economic sector and plays a significant role in play, the overall socio-economic fabric of India . ------------------------------------------------- . Agricultural economics , Agricultural policy , Agriculture 1895 Words | 6 Pages. INDIA SEGMENTATION DEMOGRAPHIC Population 1,173,108,018 (July 2010 est.) Age structure 0-14 years: 30.5% (male 187,197,389/female . 165,285,592) 15-64 years: 64.3% (male 384,131,994/female 359,795,835) 65 years and over: 5.2% (male 28,816,115/female 31,670,841) (2010 est.) Median age total: 25.9 years male: 25.4 years female: 26.6 years (2010 est.) Population growth rate 1.376% (2010 est.) Urbanization urban population: 29% of total population (2008) rate of urbanization: 2.4% annual. Bourgeoisie , India , Indo-Aryan languages 448 Words | 3 Pages. Tradition, Culture and Organizations, Issues Facing India Today. Essay Checker Grammar Punctuation? Week 6 Research Paper Tradition, Culture and Issues facing India Today Betty Cha SS 310-7B: Cultural Diversity February . 14, 2012 India is known for Organizations their traditions and hospitality. Indian culture is very traditional and is still surviving in the modern era. They greet outsiders and elders buy placing both palms together raised below the learning through face. This is Organizations & Society how they show their respect. According to Maps of India , a day in India starts with Surya Namaskar.

People offer water to the sun. Culture of disagree essay, India , Family , Gender 1613 Words | 5 Pages. History The economy of India was under socialist-inspired policies for an entire generation from the 1950s until the Organizations 1980s. The economy was . subject to extensive regulation, protectionism, and public ownership, leading to pervasive corruption and ode to an orange essay, slow growth.[1][2][3][4] License Raj was often at the core of corruption. The Vohra Report was submitted by the former Indian Union Home Secretary, N.N.

Vohra, in October 1993. It studied the problem of the & Society criminalisation of politics and of the essay checker grammar punctuation nexus. & Society? Corruption in India , Government of India , India 1833 Words | 6 Pages. Fruit and ode to an orange, Vegetables Market in India. Fruit and Vegetables Market in India Market Definition: The fruit and vegetable market is taken to be the sale to Organizations & Society consumers of fresh fruit . and fresh vegetables, including potatoes. Fresh fruit and fresh vegetables are the babson mba essays 2011 two main sectors of the market. Fresh fruit includes products such as apples and pears, bananas, berries, grapes, tropical fruits, stone fruits and citrus fruits.

The vegetables sector includes products such as salad vegetables, potatoes, root vegetables, etc. This industry.

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essays film history Doing Film History. Nearly everybody loves movies. & Society. We aren’t surprised that people rush to see the latest hit or rent a cult favorite from the video store. But there are some people who seek out old movies. And among those fans there’s a still smaller group studying them. Let’s call “old movies” anything older than twenty years. This of course creates a moving target. Baby boomers like us don’t really consider The Godfather or M*A*S*H to learning essays be old movies, but many twentysomethings today will probably consider Pulp Fiction (1994) to be old maybe because they saw it when they were in their teens. Our twenty-year cutoff is arbitrary, but in many cases that won’t matter. Everybody agrees that La Grande Illusion from 1935 is an old movie, though it still seems fresh and vital.

Now for the real question. Why would anyone be interested in watching and Organizations & Society, studying old movies? Ask a film historian, professional or amateur, and you’ll get a variety of an orange answers. For one thing, old films provide the Organizations, same sorts of insights that we get from watching contemporary movies. Ode To An Orange. Some offer intense artistic experiences or penetrating visions of human life in Organizations other times and places.

Some are documents of everyday existence or of questions extraordinary historical events that continue to reverberate in our times. Still other old movies are resolutely strange. They resist assimilation to our current habits of thought. They force us to acknowledge that films can be radically different from what we are used to. & Society. They ask us to adjust our field of view to accommodate what was, astonishingly, taken for granted by cells questions people in earlier eras. Another reason to study old movies is Organizations & Society that film history encompasses more than just films. Play. By studying how films were made and received, we discover how creators and audiences responded to their moment in Organizations & Society history. Cells. By searching for Organizations & Society social and cultural influences on through play, films, we understand better the ways in Organizations & Society which films bear the traces of the societies that made and consumed them. Film history opens up a range of disagree essay important issues in politics, culture, and the artsboth “high” and “popular.”

Yet another answer to our question is this: Studying old movies and the times in which they were made is intrinsically fun. As a relatively new field of & Society academic research (no more than sixty years old), film history has the excitement of a young discipline. Over the ode to essay, past few decades, many lost films have been recovered, little-known genres explored, and Organizations, neglected filmmakers reevaluated. Ode To Essay. Ambitious retrospectives have revealed entire national cinemas that had been largely ignored. Even television, with some cable stations devoted wholly to the cinema of the past, brings into our living rooms movies that were previously rare and little-known. And much more remains to be discovered. There are more old movies than new ones and, hence, many more chances for fascinating viewing experiences.

We think that studying film history is so interesting and important that during the late 1980s we began to write a book surveying the field. Organizations. The first edition of Film History: An Introduction appeared in checker 1994, the Organizations, second in 2003, and communications, the third will be published in spring of Organizations & Society 2009. Babson. In this book we have tried to introduce the history of cinema as it is conceived, written, and taught by its most accomplished scholars. But the book isn’t a distillation of all film history. We have had to rule out certain types of Organizations & Society cinema that are important, most notably educational, industrial, scientific, and pornographic films. Communications Thesis. We limit our scope to theatrical fiction films, documentary films, experimental or avant-garde filmmaking, and animationrealms of filmmaking that are most frequently studied in college courses. Researchers are fond of saying that there is no film history, only film histories. For some, this means that there can be no intelligible, coherent “grand narrative” that puts all the facts into place. The history of avant-garde film does not fit neatly into the history of color technology or the Organizations & Society, development of the Western or the + essay questions, life of John Ford. For others, film history means that historians work from various perspectives and with different interests and purposes.

We agree with both points. Organizations & Society. There is cells questions no Big Story of Film History that accounts for all events, causes, and consequences. And the variety of historical approaches guarantees that historians will draw diverse conclusions. We also think that research into film history involves asking a series of questions and Organizations & Society, searching for evidence in order to answer them in the course of an argument. When historians focus on different questions, turn up different evidence, and formulate different explanations, we derive not a single history but a diverse set of historical arguments. What Do Film Historians Do? While millions are watching movies at this moment, a few thousand are studying the films of the ode to essay, past. One person is trying to ascertain whether a certain film was made in 1904 or 1905.

Another is tracing the fortunes of a short-lived Scandinavian production company. Another is poring over a 1927 Japanese film, shot by shot, to find out how it tells its story. Some researchers are comparing prints of an obscure film to determine which one can be considered the & Society, original. Other scholars are studying a group of films signed by the same director or set designer or producer. Some are scrutinizing patent records and communications, technical diagrams, legal testimony, and production files. And still others are interviewing retired employees to Organizations discover how the Bijou Theater in their hometown was run during the learning play, 1950s. One reason is evident. Most film historiansteachers, archivists, journalists, and freelancersare cinephiles, lovers of cinema. Like bird-watchers, fans of 1960s television, art historians, and Organizations, other devotees, they enjoy acquiring knowledge about the object of their affection.

Movie fans may stop there, regarding the accumulating of facts about their passion as an end in itself. But whatever the pleasure of knowing the names of all the Three Stooges’ wives, most film historians are not trivia buffs. Film historians mount research programs , systematic inquiries into the past. A historian’s research program is organized around questions that require answers. A research program also consists of mba essays assumptions and background knowledge. Organizations. For a film historian, a fact takes on significance only in the context of a research program. Consider this image, from a film of the silent era. A film archivistthat is, someone who works in a library devoted to collecting and preserving motion picturesoften comes across a film that is unidentified.

Perhaps the title credit is missing or the print carries a title that differs from babson 2011, that of the original film. The archivist’s research program is, broadly, identification. The film presents a series of questions: What is the date of production or of release? In what country was it made? What company and personnel made the film?

Who are the actors? Our mysterious film carries only the French title Wanda l’espione (“Wanda the Spy”)most likely a title given to it by Organizations & Society a distributor. It was probably imported rather than made in Belgium, where the print was discovered. Disagree Essay. Fortunately there are some clues in the print itself. The lead actress, seated in the foreground, is a famous star, Francesca Bertini. Identifying her makes it almost certain that the film is Organizations Italian. Essay. But Bertini was a star from 1907 into the 1930s. How can we narrow the dates further? The film’s style helps. The camera points straight toward the back wall of the set, and the actors seldom move closer to the camera than they are seen here. The editing pace is slow, and the action is staged so that performers enter and exit through a rear doorway.

All these stylistic features are typical of European filmmaking of the & Society, mid-1910s. Learning Play. Such clues can be followed up by Organizations & Society referring to a filmography (a list of films) of Bertini’s career. A plot description of a 1915 film in which she starred, Diana l’affascinatrice (“Diana the essay checker, Seductress”), matches the Organizations & Society, action of the unidentified print. Note that the identification depended on communications thesis, certain assumptions. For example, the Organizations & Society, researcher assumed that it’s extremely unlikely for a modern filmmaker to create a fake 1915 Italian film, just to baffle archivists. (Film historians need not worry about forgeries, as art historians must.) Note, too, that the researcher needed some background knowledge. She had reason to believe that films staged and cut a certain way are characteristic of the mid-1910s, and she recognized a star from other films of the period.

Most historians go beyond identification and tackle broader subject areas. Consider another common situation. An archive holds many films made by the same production company, and it also has numerous filing cabinets bulging with documents concerning that company’s production process. Its collection also includes scripts in various drafts; memos passed among writers, directors, producers, and other staff; and sketches for sets and costumes. Ode To Essay. This is a rich lode of datatoo rich, in fact, for one researcher to tackle. The historian’s problem is now selecting relevant data and Organizations, salient facts. What makes a datum relevant or a fact salient is the historian’s research program and its questions. Thesis. One scholar might be interested in tracing common features of the company’s production process; he might ask something like, “In general, how did this firm typically plan, execute, and market its movies?” Another historian’s research program might concentrate on the films of Organizations & Society a certain director who worked for the company.

She might ask, “What aspects of visual style distinguish the director’s films?” Some facts would be central to babson 2011 one program but peripheral to another. Organizations & Society. The historian interested in the company’s business routines might not particularly care about a daring visual innovation introduced by the director who is the focus of the learning through essays, other historian’s inquiry. Organizations. In turn, the stylistic historian might be uninterested in learning through essays how the company’s producers promoted certain stars. Again, assumptions exert pressure on the researcher’s framing of questions and Organizations, pursuit of information. The company historian assumes that he can trace general tendencies of production organization, largely because film companies tend to make films by following fairly set routines. The director-centered researcher assumes that her director’s films do have a distinct style.

And both historians would mobilize background knowledge, about how companies work and how directors direct, to guide their research. Historians in any discipline do more than accumulate facts. No facts speak for themselves. Facts are interesting and important only as part of ode to essay research programs. Facts also help us ask and Organizations & Society, answer questions. Film History as Description and thesis, Explanation.

Inevitably, a historian needs at least a little information, along with background knowledge and assumptions, to prod her to ask questions. But the historian does not necessarily sift through mountains of facts and then judiciously ask a question. A historian may begin with a question, and sometimes that question might be better described as a hunch or an intuition or even just an itch. For example, one young historian saw a few of the “anarchic” American comedies of the 1930s and noticed that their vulgar gags and absurd situations were very different from the more sophisticated comedy of the period. Suspecting that stage comedy might have been a source, he framed a question: “Might vaudeville and its performance style have shaped these particular comedies of the early 1930s?” He began to gather information, examining films, reading coverage of the comedians in the Hollywood trade press, and studying shifts in American taste in humor. The process of research led him to refine his question and to mount a detailed account of Organizations how comedians introduced a vaudeville aesthetic into sound films but then muted it in disagree essay accord with Hollywood’s standards of taste. 1. Nonhistorians often visualize the historical researcher as a cousin to Organizations & Society Indiana Jones, braving library stacks and crawling through attics in quest of the disagree essay, treasure-lode of documents that overturn popular opinion. Certainly new documentation has a key role to play in historical research.

One scholar gained entry to the long-inaccessible files of Hollywood’s self-censorship agency, the Hays Office, and she was able to put forth a new account of the Organizations & Society, office’s procedures and functions. 2 Similarly, the essay, increasing availability of films from cinema’s earliest era has created an entire subfield of cinema history. 3. Still, many research programs rely more on asking new questions than on Organizations, unearthing new data. Sometimes the essay punctuation, research question seems to have been answered by previous historians, but another researcher comes along and suggests a more complete or complex answer. For example, no historian disputes the fact that Warner Bros. was quick to Organizations invest in talking pictures in the mid-1920s. For a long time most historians believed that Warners took this risky step because it was on the verge of bankruptcy and was desperate to save itself. But another historian with economic training concluded that the evidencewhich had long been publicly available to researcherspointed to a quite different conclusion. Far from facing bankruptcy, Warners was quickly expanding and investing in sound films was part of a carefully planned strategy for breaking into the ranks of the major studios. 4.

Our examples all indicate that the historian’s research program aims to learning through essays do at Organizations & Society least two things. First, the historian tries to describe a process or state of affairs. + Essay Questions. She asks What and Organizations & Society, who and where and when. What is this film, and disagree essay, who made it, and where and Organizations, when? In what ways does this director’s work differ from that of others? What was the disagree essay, vaudeville comedic style? What evidence is & Society there that a studio was nearly bankrupt?

Who is the actor in this shot? Who was responsible for play scripts at this company? Where was this film shown, and who might have seen it? Here the Organizations & Society, historian’s problem is cells + essay largely one of finding information that will answer such questions. Accurate description is indispensable for Organizations & Society all historical research.

Scholars have spent countless hours identifying films, collating versions, compiling filmographies, establishing timelines, and creating reference works that supply names, dates, and the like. The more sophisticated and long-lived a historical discipline is, the communications thesis, richer and more complete its battery of descriptive reference material will be. Second, the historian tries to & Society explain a process or state of affairs. He asks, How does this work? and disagree essay, Why did this happen? How did this company assign tasks, lay out responsibilities, carry a project to completion? How did this director’s work influence other films from the Organizations & Society, company? Why did Warners pursue talkies when larger companies were reluctant to do so? Why did some sound comedians adopt the vaudeville comedic style while others did not? The film historian, like a historian of art or politics, proposes an explanatory argument . Having asked how or why, she puts forward an answer, based on an examination of essay grammar punctuation evidence in light of assumptions and Organizations & Society, background knowledge. In reading historical writings, we need to recognize that the essay or book is not just a mass of play facts but an Organizations & Society, argument.

The historian’s argument consists of evidence marshalled to create a plausible explanation for + essay an event or state of affairs. That is, the Organizations & Society, argument aims to answer some historical question. Most arguments about film history rely on disagree essay, evidence. Evidence consists of information that gives grounds for believing that the argument is & Society sound. Evidence helps us judge whether the historian has presented a plausible answer to + essay questions the original question. Film historians work with evidence of Organizations & Society many sorts.

For many historians, copies of the films they study are central pieces of evidence. But this data set is disagree essay partial. & Society. Although the cinema is communications thesis a relatively young medium, invented only a little over & Society a century ago, many films have already been lost or destroyed. For decades, movies were seen as products with temporary commercial value, and companies did little to ensure their preservation. Even when film archives began to be founded in the 1930s, they faced the daunting task of collecting and sheltering the thousands of films that had already been made. Archivists had to choose what they could afford to retain.

Moreover, the nitrate film stock, upon which most films up to the early 1950s were shot and printed, was highly flammable and deteriorated over cells + essay questions time. Organizations. Deliberate destruction of films, warehouse fires, and disagree essay, the gradual decomposition of nitrate stored in & Society bad conditions have led to the loss of many titles. In the frame below, from Willy Reilly and His Colleen Bawn , an disagree essay, Irish film from 1918, severe nitrate deterioration has obliterated the most important figures. According to rough estimates, only about 20 percent of silent films are known to survive. Many of these are still sitting in vaults, unidentified or unpreserved due to lack of funds. More recent films may be inaccessible to the researcher as well. Films made in some small countries, particularly in Third World nations, were not made in many copies and did not circulate widely.

Small archives may not have the facilities to preserve films or show them to researchers. Organizations & Society. In some cases, political regimes may choose to suppress certain films and promote others. Finding reliable copies to study is a major challenge for ode to essay the historian whose questions center on the films. Historians also rely on print sources. These may be published sources, such as books, magazines, trade journals, and newspapers, or unpublished ones, like memoirs, letters, notes, production files, scripts, and court testimony.

Historians of film technology scrutinize cameras, sound recorders, and other equipment. A film studio or an important location might also serve as a source of evidence. Usually historians must verify their evidence. Often this depends on using the Organizations & Society, sort of descriptive research we have already mentioned, such as combing primary documents, checking filmographies and reference works, and the like. The problem of verification is particularly acute with film prints. Films have always circulated in differing versions. In the 1920s, Hollywood films were shot in learning two versions, one for the United States and one for export.

These could differ considerably in length, content, and Organizations, even visual style. To this day, many Hollywood films are released in Europe in learning through essays more erotic or violent versions than are screened in the United States. In addition, many old films have deteriorated and been subject to cutting and revision. Even modern restorations do not always reproduce the original release version. Often, then, the historian doesn’t know whether the print she is Organizations seeing represents anything like an original, if indeed there can be said to be a single original version. Historians try to be aware of the differences among the versions of the films they are studying. The fact that there are different versions can itself be a source of questions. Historians generally distinguish between primary and secondary sources. As applied to film, primary usually refers to sources the people directly involved in whatever is being studied. For example, if you were studying Japanese cinema of the cells questions, 1920s, the surviving films, interviews with filmmakers or audience members, and contemporary trade journals would count as primary material. Later discussions concerning the period, usually by another historian, would be considered secondary.

Often, though, one scholar’s secondary source is another’s primary source, because the researchers are asking different questions. A critic’s 1966 essay about a 1925 film would be a secondary source if your question centered on the 1925 film. If, however, you were writing a history of & Society film criticism during the checker grammar, 1960s, the critic’s essay would be a primary source. Explaining the Past: Basic Approaches. There are distinct types of explanation in film history. A standard list would include:

Biographical history: focusing on Organizations & Society, an individual’s life history. Industrial or economic history: focusing on business practices. Aesthetic history: focusing on film art (form, style, genre) Technological history: focusing on the materials and machines of film. Social/cultural/political history: focusing on the role of cinema in the larger society. This sort of inventory helps us understand that there is essay punctuation not one history of film but many possible histories, each adopting a different perspective. Typically, the researcher begins with an Organizations, interest in checker grammar one of these areas, which helps him to formulate his initial question. Nevertheless, such a typology shouldn’t be taken too rigidly. Not all questions the historian may ask will fall neatly into only one of these pigeonholes. If you want to know why a film looks the way it does, the & Society, question may not be purely aesthetic; it might be linked to the biography of the filmmaker or to the technological resources available when the + essay questions, film was made. A study of film genres might involve both aesthetic and cultural factors.

A person’s life cannot easily be separated from his or her working conditions within a film industry or from the Organizations & Society, contemporary political context. We propose that the student of film history think chiefly in babson 2011 terms of questions, keeping in mind that some interesting questions are likely to cut across categorical boundaries. Explaining the Past: Organizing the Evidence. Finding an answer to a historical question may involve both description and explanation, in different mixtures. The techniques of descriptive research are specialized and require a wide range of background knowledge. For example, some experts on early silent cinema can determine when a film copy was made by examining the stock on which it is printed.

The number and shape of the sprocket holes, along with the manner in which a manufacturer’s name is & Society printed along the learning, edge of the film strip, can help date the print. Knowing the age of the stock can in turn help narrow down the Organizations, film’s date of production and country of origin. Historical explanation also involves concepts that organize the evidence produced by specialized knowledge. Here are some of them. Chronology Chronology is essential to historical explanation, and communications thesis, descriptive research is an indispensable aid to establishing the Organizations, sequence of events. The historian needs to know that this film was made before that one or that event B took place after event A. But history is not mere chronology. A chronology stops short of explanation, just as a record of high and disagree essay, low tides gives no hint as to why tides change. History, as we have already seen, centrally involves explanation.

Causality Much historical explanation involves cause and effect. & Society. Historians work with conceptions of various kinds of causes. Individual Causes People have beliefs and desires that affect how they act. In acting, they make things happen. It is often reasonable to explain a historical change or a past state of affairs in light of the attitudes or behavior of individuals. Essay Punctuation. This is not to say that individuals make everything happen or that things always happen as people originally intended or that people always understand just why they did what they did.

It is simply to say that historians may justifiably appeal to what people think and feel and do as part of an explanation. Some historians believe that all historical explanation must appeal to person-based causes sooner or later. This position is usually called methodological individualism. A different, and even more sweeping, assumption is that only individuals, and Organizations & Society, exceptional individuals at that, have the power to create historical change. This view is disagree essay sometimes labeled the Great Man theory of history, even though it is applied to Organizations & Society women as well. Earlier generations of film historians, for example, were inclined to treat D.W. Griffith as the most important figure in the U.S. silent cinema because it seemed that he invented a number of editing techniques that became widespread. More recent historians have developed a counterargument, thanks to the greater availability of films by cells + essay questions other directors and a more comparison-based method. These scholars claim that Griffith developed certain tendencies that were already present, pushing them to & Society a new level of communications thesis expression. Moreover, his most original techniques were not picked up by others, so in some respects other directors had more influence on & Society, standard editing practice.

As an individual Griffith remains important, but he is probably not the Great Innovator that people once considered him. Group Causes People often act in groups, and at times we speak of the group as having a kind of checker existence over and above the & Society, individuals who compose it. Groups have rules and roles, structures and routines, and often these factors make things happen. We speak of a government’s declaring war, yet this act may not be reducible to more detailed statements about what all the individuals involved believed and disagree essay, did. When we say that Warner Bros. decided to & Society adopt sound, we are making a meaningful claim, even if we have no information about the beliefs and communications, desires of the individual decision makers at the company; we may not even fully know who they were. Organizations & Society. Some historians assert that any historical explanation must, sooner or later, ground itself in group-based causes. Checker. This position is usually called holism, or methodological collectivism, as opposed to methodological individualism. Several sorts of Organizations groups are important to the history of cinema. Throughout our book we talk about institutions government agencies, film studios, distribution firms, and other fairly formal, organized groups.

We also talk about disagree essay more informal affiliations of filmmakers. These are usually called movements or schools, small assemblies of Organizations filmmakers and critics who share the same interests, beliefs about cinema, conceptions of film form and style, and the like. The Soviet filmmakers of the 1920sLev Kuleshov, Sergei Eisenstein, V.I. Disagree Essay. Pudovkin, and many othersare a classic instance of a movement. Despite their individual differences, these men held in Organizations common a commitment to editing, often disjunctive editing, as central to through essays a movie’s effects on a viewer. Less well-defined cases of a movement would be German Expressionist film of the 1920s, Italian neorealism after World War II, and French New Wave filmmaking during the Organizations, 1960s. In these instances, the filmmakers often insisted that they shared no consciousness of belonging to disagree essay a movement. Still, historians often find common trends in the films, in the production circumstances, and in the local film culture, and these factors justify treating the filmmakers as a group, even if not a full-fledged movement.

Influence Most historians use some notion of influence to explain change. Influence describes the inspiration that an individual, a group, or a film can provide for others. Members of a movement can deliberately influence a director to make a film a certain way, but a chance viewing of a movie can also influence a director. Influence does not mean simple copying. & Society. You may have been influenced by a parent or a teacher, but you have not necessarily mimicked his or her behavior. In the thesis, arts, influence is often a matter of one artist’s getting ideas from other artists’ work but then pursuing those ideas in a personal way.

The result may be quite different from the initial work that stimulated it. The contemporary director Jean-Luc Godard was influenced by Jean Renoir, although their films are markedly different. Sometimes we can detect the influence by examining the & Society, films; sometimes we rely on the testimony of the filmmaker. A body of work by babson a group of directors may also influence later films. Soviet cinema of the 1920s influenced the documentary director John Grierson. The Hollywood cinema, as a set of films, has been enormously influential throughout film history, although all the Organizations & Society, directors influenced by it certainly did not see exactly the same films. Essay. Influences are particular kinds of causes, so it is not surprising that influences may involve both individual activity and group activity.

Trends and Generalizations Any historical question opens up a body of data for investigation. Once the historian starts to look closely at the datato go through a studio’s records, examine the films, page through the trade pressshe discovers that there is much more to explore than the initial question touches on. It’s like looking into a microscope and discovering that a drop of water teems with organisms of confounding variety, all going about very different business. Every historian omits certain material. Organizations. For one thing, the historical record is disagree essay already incomplete. Many events go unrecorded, and Organizations, many documents are lost forever. Further, historians inevitably select. They unweave the tangles of history and disagree essay, create a more coherent pattern. A historian simplifies and streamlines according to the question he is pursuing.

One principal way historians go about Organizations such simplification is by postulating trends. Through. Lots of things are going on, they admit, but “by and large” or “on the whole” or “for the most part,” we can identify a general tendency. Most Hollywood films of the & Society, 1940s were made in black and learning through, white, but most Hollywood films today are in color. On the whole, there has been a change, and we can see a trend toward the increasing use of color film stock between the 1940s and the 1960s. Our task is to explain how and why this trend occurred. By positing trends, historians generalize. They necessarily set aside interesting exceptions and aberrations. But this is no sin, because the answer to a question is & Society necessarily pitched at a certain level of generality. All historical explanations pull back from the learning through, throbbing messiness of reality. By recognizing that tendencies are “for-the-most-part” generalizations, the scholar can acknowledge that there is more going on than she is Organizations & Society trying to explain.

Periods Historical chronology and causation are without beginning or end. The child who incessantly asks what came before that or what made that happen soon discovers that we can trace out communications a sequence of events indefinitely. Historians necessarily limit the stretch of time they will explore, and they go on to divide that stretch into meaningful phases or segments. For example, the historian studying American silent cinema already assumes that this period within film history ran from Organizations & Society, about 1894 to around 1929. The historian will probably further segment this stretch of time. She might break it down by decade, treating the 1900s, the 1910s, and + essay, the 1920s. Instead, she might divide it with respect to changes external to filmsay, preWorld War I, World War I, and postWorld War I. Another possibility is creating periods that mark phases in & Society the development of storytelling style, such as 18941907, 19081917, and 19181929. Every historian marks out periods according to the research program he adopts and the question he asks.

Historians recognize that periodization can’t be rigid: trends do not follow in neat order. It is illuminating to disagree essay think of the American “structural” film of the early 1970s as a response to & Society the “lyrical” film of the 1960s, but lyrical films were still being made well in the 1970s and afterward. Histories of genres often mark off periods by innovative films, but this is not to deny that more ordinary movies display a great deal of continuity across periods. Rosemary’s Baby (1968) brought Satanic horror into the A-picture realm, but in the years that followed, most horror films continued to cells be low-budget product. Similarly, we ought not to expect that the history of technology or styles or genres will march in step with political or social history. The period after World War II was indeed distinctive, because this global conflict had major effects on film industries and filmmakers in most countries; but not all political events demarcate distinct periods in relation to changes in film form or the film market. The assassination of President Kennedy was a wrenching event, but it had little effect on activities in the film world. Here, as ever, the & Society, historian’s research program and central question will shape her sense of the relevant periods and parallel events. This is, again, one reason that scholars often speak of film histories rather than a single film history. Significance In mounting explanations, historians of essay all arts make assumptions about the significance of the artworks they discuss. We might treat a work as a “monument,” studying it because it is Organizations & Society a highly valued accomplishment.

Alternatively, we might study a work as a “document” because it records some noteworthy historical activity, such as the state of a society at a given moment or a trend within the art form itself. Most historians assume that the films they discuss have significance on any or all of the following three criteria: Intrinsic excellence: Some films are, simply, outstanding by artistic criteria. They are rich, moving, complex, thought-provoking, intricate, meaningful, or the like. At least partly because of their quality, such films have played a key role in the history of cinema. Influence: A film may be historically significant by + essay questions virtue of its influence on other films.

It may create or change a genre, inspire filmmakers to try something new, or gain such a wide popularity that it spawns imitations and tributes. Since influence is an important part of historical explanations, this sort of film plays a prominent role in Organizations & Society most histories. Typicality: Some films are significant because they vividly represent instances or trends. They stand in for many other films of the same type. The three criteria don’t have to combine. An influential film doesn’t have to be excellent or typical, and an excellent film may never exert much influence. The films of Robert Bresson are usually considered exceptionally good, but for babson a long time they influenced no other filmmaking.

But of course in some cases the criteria can combine. A highly accomplished genre film, such as Singin’ in the Rain or Rio Bravo , is often considered both excellent and highly typical. Organizations. Many acclaimed masterworks, such as The Birth of a Nation or Citizen Kane, were also very influential, and some also typify broader tendencies. The preface to Film History: An Introduction , third edition, outlines the questions we focus on, but it’s probably worth mentioning them here as well. Although the disagree essay, book surveys the history of world cinema, we could hardly start with the & Society, question What is the history of world cinema?

That would give us no help in essay grammar punctuation setting about our research and Organizations & Society, organizing the material we find. Instead, we have highlighted three major questions. 1. How have uses of the film medium changed or become normalized over time? Within “uses of the medium” we include matters of film form: the part/whole organization of the film. Through. Often this involves telling a story, but a film’s overall form might also be based on an argument or an abstract pattern. The term “uses of the medium” also includes matters of & Society film style, the patterned uses of film techniques ( mise-en-scène, or staging, lighting, setting, and mba essays, costume; camerawork; editing; and sound). In addition, any balanced conception of how the medium has been used must also consider film modes (documentary, avant-garde, fiction, animation) and genres (for example, the Western, the Organizations & Society, thriller, or the musical). So we also examine these phenomena. All such matters are central to most college and university survey courses in film history. A central purpose of our book is to survey the uses of the medium in mba essays different times and places. Sometimes we dwell on the creation of Organizations & Society stable norms of form and style, as when we examine how Hollywood standardized certain editing options in cells the first two decades of filmmaking.

At other times, we examine how filmmakers have proposed innovative ways of & Society structuring form or using film technique. 2. How have the disagree essay, conditions of the film industryproduction, distribution, and exhibitionaffected the uses of the medium? Films are made within modes of production, habitual ways of organizing the labor and materials involved in creating a movie. Some modes of production are industrial; that’s when companies make films as a business. The classic instance of industrial production is the Organizations, studio system, in which firms are organized in order to essay checker punctuation make films for Organizations large audiences through a fairly detailed division of labor. Hollywood’s studio system is the most famous, but there have been studio systems of production in many countries. Another sort of industrial production might be called the artisanal, or one-off, approach, in which a production company makes one film at essay checker a time (perhaps only one film, period).

Still other modes of production are less highly organized, involving small groups or individuals who make films for Organizations specific purposes. In all these instances, the ways in which films are made have had particular effects on the look and babson mba essays 2011, sound of the finished products. An avant-garde films, made on a low budget by an individual filmmaker, is more likely to be a personal expression than a big-budget Hollywood blockbuster. The ways in which films are exhibited have also affected film history. Organizations. For example, the babson, major technological innovations associated with the early 1950s wide-screen picture, stereophonic sound, increased use of color were actually available decades earlier. Each could have been developed before the 1950s, but the U.S. film industry had no pressing need to Organizations do so since film attendance was so high that spending money on new attractions would not have significantly increased profits. Only when attendance dropped precipitously in the late 1940s were producers and exhibitors pushed to introduce new technologies to lure audiences back into theaters.

3. How have international trends emerged in the uses of the film medium and in the film market? In Film History we try to balance the consideration of questions important national contributions with a sense of how international and cross-cultural influences were operating. Many nations’ audiences and Organizations & Society, film industries have been influenced by babson 2011 directors and films that have migrated across their borders. Organizations. Genres are vagabond as well. Checker Punctuation. The Hollywood Western influenced the Organizations, Japanese samurai film and the Italian Western, genres that in turn influenced the Hong Kong kung-fu films of the 1970s. Interestingly, Hollywood films then began incorporating elements of the martial arts movie. Just as important, the film industry itself is significantly transnational.

At certain periods, circumstances closed off countries from the flow of films, but most often there has been a global film market, and we understand it best by tracing trends across cultures and regions. We have paid particular attention to conditions that allowed people to babson mba essays see films made outside their own country. Each of these how questions accompanies a great many why questions. For any part of the processes we focus on, we can ask what conditions caused them to operate as they did. Why, for instance, did Soviet filmmakers undertake their experiments in disturbing, aggressive narrative? Why did Hollywood’s studio system begin to fragment in the late 1940s?

Why did “new waves” and “young cinemas” arise in Europe, the Soviet Union, and Japan around 1960? Why are more films produced now with international investment than in the 1930s or 1940s? Historians are keen to & Society know what factors made a change occur, and our general questions include a host of subquestions about causes and effects. Recall our five general explanatory approaches: biographical, industrial, aesthetic, technological, and social. + Essay. If we had to squeeze our book into one or more of & Society these pigeonholes, we could say that its approach is predominantly aesthetic and industrial. + Essay Questions. It examines how types of films, film styles, and film forms have changed in relation to the conditions of film production, distribution, and exhibition within certain countries and within the international flow of & Society films. But this summary of our approach is too confining, as even a cursory look at what follows will indicate. Sometimes we invoke an essay checker punctuation, individual a powerful producer, an innovative filmmaker, an imaginative critic. Sometimes we consider technology. And we often frame our account with discussions of the political, social, and cultural context of a period.

Take, for Organizations example, our central question: How have uses of the film medium changed or become normalized over time? This is thesis a question about aesthetic matters, but it also impinges on factors of technology. & Society. For instance, conceptions of “realistic” filmmaking changed with the introduction of portable cameras and sound equipment in the late 1950s. Similarly, our second question How have the babson, conditions of the Organizations & Society, film industry affected the babson, uses of the medium? is at once economic, technological, and aesthetic. Finally, asking how international trends have emerged in the uses of the film medium and in the film market concerns both economic and social/cultural/political factors. In the Organizations, early era of cinema, films circulated freely among countries, and viewers often did not know the nationality of a film they were seeing. In the 1910s, however, war and nationalism blocked certain films from punctuation, circulating.

At the same time, the growth of particular film industries, notably Hollywood, depended on access to other markets, so the degree to which films could circulate boosted some nations’ output and hindered that of others. In addition, the circulation of U.S. Organizations. films abroad served to spread American cultural values, which in grammar turn created both admiration and hostility. In sum, we have been guided, as we think most historians are, by & Society research questions rather than rigid conceptions of the type of history we are writing. And what we take to be the most plausible answer to a given question will depend on the strength of the disagree essay, evidence and the argument we can make for it not on & Society, a prior commitment to writing only a certain kind of history. Our answers to through play historical questions are, however, not simply given in a list or summary.

Like most historical arguments, ours takes a narrative form. Historians use language to communicate their arguments and evidence to Organizations others. Descriptive research programs can do this through a summary of findings: this film is Diana l’affascinatrice, made in Italy by Caesar-Film in 1915, directed by Gustavo Serena, and so on. But historical explanations require a more complicated crafting. Sometimes historians frame their explanations as persuasive arguments. To take an example already cited, a historian investigating the development of sound by Warner Bros. might start by considering the various explanations already offered and ode to essay, taken for & Society granted. Then he might set forth the reasons for believing his alternative interpretation. This is a familiar form of rhetorical argument, eliminating unsatisfactory beliefs before settling on a more plausible one. More often, historians’ explanations take the form of cells + essay questions stories.

Narrative history, as it is called, seeks to answer how and why questions by tracing the relevant circumstances and conditions over Organizations & Society time. It produces a chain of causes and effects, or it shows how a process works, by telling a story. For instance, if we are trying to answer the question How did the ode to an orange essay, Hays Office negotiate with firms to arrive at an agreement about an acceptable film? we can frame a step-by-step narrative of the censorship process. Or, if we are seeking to explain what led the Hays Office to be created, we might lay out the causal factors as a story. As these examples indicate, the story’s “characters” might be individuals or groups, institutions or even films; the “plot” consists of the & Society, situations in which the players operate and the changes they initiate and undergo. Narrative is one of the basic ways in which humans make sense of the world, and so it’s not surprising that historians use stories to make the past intelligible. Thesis. Film History: An Introduction follows tradition in creating a large-scale narrative, one that includes several stories within it. & Society. We divide film history into six large periods early cinema (to about 1919), the late silent era (19191929), the development of essay grammar punctuation sound cinema (19261945), the period after World War II (19461960s), the period running from the 1960s to the 1980s, and & Society, the contemporary era (1980s-the present). These divisions reflect developments in (1) film form and style; (2) major changes in film production, distribution, and exhibition; and disagree essay, (3) significant international trends. The periodization can’t be exactly synchronized for all three areas, but it does indicate approximate boundaries for Organizations & Society the changes we try to trace.

An alternative organizational pattern is that of the topical history . Cells Questions. Topical history treats an & Society, idea or theme rather than a story. If you were writing a book-length history of Manhattan, for instance, you might devote one chapter to geography, another to political dynamics, another to social changes, another to the events of 9/11, and so on. The chapters themselves might be organized as narratives (though maybe not), but the overall structure would give a portrait of a city’s history from several angles. The historian must decide, at various levels, between narrative organization and topical organization. Suppose your question was How did America ’s postwar occupation of Germany affect the local film industry and culture? Once you’ve done your research and come to some conclusions, you could organize your presentation narratively or topically. That is, your chapters could proceed in chronological order to trace the changes in the industry between 1945 and the early 1950s. Or each chapter could deal with events occurring across the entire period, but in different spheres production, censorship, journalism, exhibition, and the like. In another topical layout, you could organize the book around key films or film policies that had an impact on learning, different spheres of German life. 5. To suggest the flavor of doing historical research, we offer one of Organizations our own experiences.

Here Kristin explains the disagree essay, process of researching a book-length study of Ernst Lubitsch’s films. Of the directors widely considered to be among the greatest, Ernst Lubitsch has had relatively little of Organizations & Society substance written about essays him. The other directors of & Society Germany’s “golden age” of the silent cinema, F. W. Murnau and especially Fritz Lang, have received more attention. Perhaps this has been the case because Lubitsch has no one thematic concern underlying his work. Thesis. Murnau and & Society, Lang also are linked to the German Expressionist movement, while Lubitsch worked outside it. His habit of moving between vast historical epics and broad comedies for his German films makes him hard to pin down.

But why is he important? Filmmakers and cinema buffs love Lubitsch, partly for the sheer quality of his work, from the hilarious silent comedies of the cells + essay questions, late 1910s, like I Don’t Want to Be a Man and The Doll to the masterpieces of the sound period, most notably Trouble in Paradise (1932) and The Shop around the Corner (1940). Apart from Organizations, his being a great director, though, why is Lubitsch significant? There are many things a historian could say about Lubitsch. I had been struck by how, after World War I, Germans acknowledged Lubitsch as their greatest director. After he moved to Hollywood, he quickly came to babson mba essays 2011 be considered the greatest director there as well. & Society. Yet Lubitsch’s style in his German films differed considerably from disagree essay, that we find in his American output. What are these differences, and & Society, how could he achieve such stature in both countries? A study of Lubitsch could also highlight how American and German national films styles differed during these crucial years in the development of the cinema as an art.

According to traditional historical accounts, during the 1920s, imaginative German techniques like Expressionist set design and the freely moving camera quickly influenced Hollywood films. Historians had not considered the influence might move in the opposite direction, from Hollywood to learning play Germany. Organizations & Society. A study of how Lubitsch adapted so quickly to the American way of filmmaking could test that standard account. How long a period should the book cover? Lubitsch had begun as a silent-film comedian, directing some of his own shorts and short features during the war. He moved into features in 1918. I decided to essay grammar limit my focus to the ten-year period from 1918 to & Society 1927, the year of Lubitsch’s last surviving silent film. During this period Lubitsch made a remarkable 28 features and one short. Disagree Essay. Of these titles, seven are not known to survive. Organizations & Society. In addition, three of the + essay questions, surviving films are lacking significant amounts of Organizations & Society footage. Babson 2011. The 21 available films became the core body of evidence for Organizations my study.

Before World War I, the international cinema was dominated by French and Italian cinema. + Essay. American cinema was expanding domestically, but it had yet to make major inroads in most overseas markets. During the war, however, production declined in France and Italy, and Organizations & Society, the American firms quickly stepped in to supply theaters in many territories. Once hostilities ended, Hollywood films were firmly entrenched, and other producing countries found themselves struggling to keep a substantial share of their domestic markets, let alone to compete with America internationally. The war had, ironically, strengthened the German industry. Grammar Punctuation. In 1916, the government banned the import of all but Danish films. This ban was kept in place until December 31, 1920. Thus for nearly five years, German film production was free to expand, and the industry emerged from the war second in size and strength only to Hollywood.

It was during that period of isolation that Lubitsch came into his own as a director. Institutional circumstances played a role in making him the finest proponent of the German approach to Organizations & Society filmmaking (a style which was largely the same as that used in most European producing countries). During the mid-1910s, however, Hollywood film style was changing enormously. What has been termed the “classical” style emerged, the underlying principle of disagree essay which was to tailor film technique to tell a story as comprehensibly and unobtrusively as possible. Scenes were broken up into closer shots through analytical editing, shifting the spectator’s eye to the most salient part of the action at each moment. Filming in Organizations diffused light in learning through play essays the open air or in glass-sided studios was abandoned in favor of “dark” studios illuminated entirely by artificial lighting.

This multi-directional lighting was designed to pick characters out against muted backgrounds and to model their bodies more three-dimensionally. The technique became codified as three-point lighting. 6 Acting styles became less broad, depending more on Organizations, glances and small gestures than on pantomime. Set design evolved to make the space containing the essay grammar punctuation, action simpler and hence less distracting. In sum, a new trend had begun, led by American filmmaking. Once Hollywood films began screening in Germany in 1921, a new set of causes came into play. German filmmakers started absorbing the American style, and Lubitsch was in the forefront of this change. His German films of 1921 and 1922 reflect his new knowledge of classical technique, and he was clearly ready to make the leap into & Society Hollywood filmmaking even before he went there. Once in America, he rapidly honed his application of classical principles, and soon he was in babson 2011 turn influencing the filmmakers there with a string of masterpieces, including The Marriage Circle (1924) and Lady Windermere’s Fan (1925). For example, we can see the change in Lubitsch’s approach to lighting in three frames.

The first, from & Society, Carmen (1918), shows lighting coming entirely from the front; there’s no backlighting to essays pick out the gray uniform against the gray background. By 1921, after Lubitsch had seen Hollywood films, he used light from the front, side, and & Society, rear in Das Weib des Pharao . In Hollywood, Lubitsch routinely used back lighting to disagree essay make his actors stand out against the sets, as in this frame from Three Women (1923). In setting out on & Society, my project, I asked a small number of through play essays questions. How did Lubitsch’s German features reflect a more general national filmmaking style at the end of the Organizations & Society, war? How did Lubitsch’s style change over communications this decade and to what extent was the change a reaction to Hollywood films? What impact did the new classical Hollywood style have more generally on German filmmaking in & Society the 1920s? I was already familiar with American films of this period, having collaborated on The Classical Hollywood Cinema (1985, Columbia University Press) with David and with Janet Staiger. I had examined many films and gathered illustrations that I could use for the new book. To learn about the very different German style of the same era, I went to film archives in the U.S. and abroad to checker study Lubitsch’s films in detail, watching them on an editing table and making frame reproductions for & Society use as illustrations. I examined Lubitsch’s context by watching about 75 films by other directors, also collecting images for mba essays 2011 illustrations. (I did not include Expressionist and Neue Sachlichkeit films, as these were avant-garde alternatives to Organizations & Society classical Hollywood style.) I wasn’t looking at acknowledged masterpieces, for I wanted to ode to an orange track typical trends in German film style. In libraries I went through film-industry publications, primarily the Lichtbildbühne and Organizations, Film-Kurier , and questions, the two main technical journals of the 1920s, Die Kinotechnik and Die Filmtechnik . Cinematography manuals and the memoirs of people who had worked with Lubitsch filled in details of the Organizations & Society, director’s working methods.

Legal papers in the United Artists collection of the cells + essay, Wisconsin Center for Film and Organizations & Society, Theater Research shed light on Mary Pickford’s dealings with Lubitsch during and after their work on Rosita (1923) dealings about which some widely believed myths had persisted. Reviews of Lubitsch’s films in the German and American press revealed how Lubitsch’s films were viewed and questions, what expert viewers noticed about their look. All this evidence allowed me to answer my initial questions. I could identify the point in Lubitsch’s career when his films began to reflect the influence of Hollywood style. I was able to Organizations do the same with more ordinary German films of the checker punctuation, post-war era. I showed that, contrary to & Society the standard view of this era, Hollywood films had considerably more impact on German films than the punctuation, other way round. In writing the book, I didn’t organize the chapters to give a chronological account of Organizations Lubitsch’s career during this ten-year period. Instead, because this was to be a stylistic analysis, I broke it down topically. An introductory chapter laid out Lubitsch’s German career briefly and discussed the industrial and social conditions in Germany that discouraged or fostered the through, movement of influences. The next four chapters centered on four areas of film technique: lighting, set design, editing, and acting.

These sharply revealed the differences between Hollywood and German style in Organizations & Society the crucial years. For each technique, I discussed Hollywood norms and contrasted these with German norms. I laid out numerous examples from ordinary German films and from Lubitsch’s. Each chapter ended with a section on Lubitsch’s Hollywood films and how closely each adhered to ode to classical filmmaking norms. The final chapter dealt with the & Society, influences of Hollywood film on mainstream commercial German cinema of the + essay, era after Lubitsch had left his native country. Organizations & Society. These influences, I tried to show, were far more widespread and significant than any German techniques that might be detected in Hollywood films of the same years. Within chapters the discussion was organized narratively, tracing Lubitsch’s work chronologically for each area of film technique. The overall argument moved from specific to ode to essay general. Organizations & Society. While the opening chapter dealt largely with Lubitsch’s career and work, the last one left Lubitsch and concentrated almost entirely on an orange essay, German cinema of the & Society, 1920s. When Herr Lubitsch Goes to Hollywood was published, few of Lubitsch’s silent features were widely known. Since then, DVD releases have made it possible for a broad audience to see some of the through essays, classic films he made in each country.

The Eyes of the Mummy (1918) is available. The “Lubitsch in Berlin” set contains several German features: The Doll, The Oyster Princess, I Don’t Want to Be a Man, Sumurun, Anna Boleyn, and The Wildcat plus a documentary on Lubitsch’s early career. (Each is available separately as well.) Lubitsch’s two most important Hollywood films are also on DVD: His romantic comedy The Marriage Circle (1924) is available, and a restored print of Organizations & Society what is arguably his masterpiece of the cells, silent period, Lady Windermere’s Fan (1925), is & Society part of the “More Treasures from disagree essay, American Film Archives” set. Organizations. Perhaps now readers can evaluate my answers to the questions my book seeks to answer, and I hope that other historians will ask new ones of their own. We hope we’ve shown that film historians, professional or amateur, work with both ideas and information. They mount projects within research programs.

They don’t simply state facts; they try to ask questions. They don’t just pile up data; they make arguments. The facts and questions, data and communications thesis, arguments combine to make doing film history a fascinating pursuit. Historical writing about Organizations & Society films will probably never be as common as film criticism; most people prefer to comment about films by analyzing, interpreting, and an orange essay, evaluating them. Writing an essay on film history takes a lot more time and effort than writing a review of a current film. Organizations & Society. Nonetheless, historical study offers unique pleasures. If you want to understand the context of a film that you admire, you would enjoy reading film history. Just as important, a deeper understanding of film history introduces you to a range of checker punctuation new films to enjoy. Finally, if we have any curiosity about the Organizations, films that captivate us now, we can start to ode to essay satisfy it by thinking historically. What happens today springs from what happened yesterday.

By trying to understand film history, we better understand the movies of our moment. 7. 4 : Douglas Gomery, “The Coming of & Society Sound: Technological Change in babson mba essays 2011 the American Film Industry,” in Tino Balio, ed., The American Film Industry, rev. ed. & Society. (Madison: University of Wisconsin Press, 1985), pp. 22951. 6 : See David Bordwell and Kristin Thompson, Film Art: An Introduction , eighth ed. Babson Mba Essays. (New York: McGraw-Hill, 2008), 128-130. 7 : In our weblog, we often try to put recent films into various historical contexts. See www.davidbordwell.net/blog.

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