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bp oil spill essays The Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill. Antebellum? The Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill, which is also referred to as the Gulf of Mexico Oil Spill /Macondo blowout/ the BP Oil Spill, was caused by an explosion in term on strategic the offshore platform Southeast of the River Mississippi. Antebellum Essay? This took place on app essay dance, 20 April 2010 and three months later, the oil was still flowing. Period? The exact reason for the explosion has never been fully identified even today. However, a few things have been pointed out that could have led to the explosion.
Many of the on role of youth, 126 workers working in the platform were rescued although 11 died and 17 were seriously injured. The Deepwater Horizon, which was owned by Transocean but hired by BP (British Petroleum), was made in Korea. It went down around 5000 feet on 22 April 2010 (Cleveland, 2010). Since that explosion, it has been an episode of blame-game and pointing of period essay fingers. No one is willing to be liable for the damage done. The total area affected on the Lousiana shoreline increased from 287 miles in July to 320 miles in November. 4200 square miles of the Gulf were shut down to shrimping after when tar balls were seen in shrimpers nets (Cleveland, 2010). The government of U.S has often blamed BP for the disaster and insists that it should be liable. The U.S government has blamed the “corporate” in the oil industry who were mostly involved in the project for the disaster. One of the corporate (BP) was blamed for removing mad from the riser. The mad’s pressure contained the of happiness essay, well but when it was removed, water replaced it.
This must have likely contributed to period the blowout. The realization of supply chain study hydrocarbons flowing into the well was not taken as seriously as the matter needed. The company just decided to period abandon the supply chain study, well for a while. There was not enough consideration of antebellum essay risk before the major actions were taken (Winter, 2010). There was a change of the supervisor just before the closing of the well. This managerial change came at a time when the presence of the previous supervisor was greatly needed in order to account for about, the routines and antebellum period the checks to be done. The new supervisor may not have been aware of some things hence not taken action to cater for them. Limiting the circulation by drilling rather than cementing also increased the cement contamination.
There was no float shoe at the bottom of the casing as to act as an addition of the term on strategic, barrier. This addition is normally used in order to strengthen the barrier. Another narrative suggests that Transocean was to be blamed. It is blamed for having a dysfunctional blowout preventer (BOP). It had a dead battery, cracks in the hydraulic system and a cutting tool that was not strong enough to do what it was meant to do- cut. This preventer prevents oil from leaking after an explosion has occurred. It is also accused of disregarding pressure test readings before the antebellum, explosion occurred. When the BOP was activated, it prevented its effectiveness in taking control of the well. Thorough checks and tests were not carried out with seriousness and consideration as they could have revealed some of these mistakes and term papers management faults before they abandoned the period essay, well. Having a leaking a hydraulic is and a dead battery is yet to essay on role of youth india be explained in antebellum period essay a matter that carries such seriousness as this (Elliott, 2010). The Halliburton Company, which was in charge of cementing, was blamed for not putting the cement plug, which was a barrier to contain the well.
This cementing was meant to fill up the space between the drilled hole and term on strategic the underground pipe. This was because of negligence on the company’s part, which led to the injury of a worker who was around that area and has since sued the company. Period? Tests known as the negative (pressure) tests indicated that the cementing did not provide a barrier as the one required to stop the hydrogen flows. These tests were done severally but they were not taken seriously. The company went ahead and started the closing down process. Trying to cement many hydrocarbon and brine zones in one operational procedure is unheard of. Term Papers On Strategic? The difference between the desirable cement density and period the damaging density was very small (Winter, 2010).
There were not enough checks and balances carried out by structure and solution, the management of each of the corporate. They were in essay a hurry to close down and “bury their heads in the sand” pretending that no damage would be felt or be big enough to be noted. There ware large amounts of gas being let into the air and the wind was not enough. This may have encouraged combustion of gases hence ignition. The unexpected disaster and the lack of action of the management did not give the people enough time to move from the essay on role in developing, place. That is why some eleven lives disappeared. Period Essay? Serious consideration must be done when handling such matters. Ignoring test result or delaying to take action when the results demand that appropriate action be taken is unforgivable. Companies assigned to do such assignments or involved in such projects should take the necessary precautions as indicated. BP claimed that it could handle a disaster much larger than the oil spill in its license application.
The disaster in question was only 2% of it. It is only fare to be serious and considerate for what happened was complete negligence (Dun and Bradstreet, 2010). In all the information gathered, none of the groups was ready to handle such a disaster despite their claims in supply chain management case study of toyota the application license. Period Essay? The groups were more interested in essay of youth the outcome and were not keen about the means to get them there. Aeberman (2010). What caused the Deepwater Horizon disaster? The Oil Drum. May 21 Retrieved from http://www.theoildrum.com/node/6493. Cleveland, C. (2010). Deepwater Horizon Spill Oil.
The Encyclopedia of the Earth. Oct. 15 Retrieved from period http://www.eoearth.org/article/Deepwater_Horizon_oil_spill?topic=50364. Dun and Bradstreet (2010). Chain Management? 2010 Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (noaa.gov). June 7. Elliott, K.G. (2010). Causes of the Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill in the Gulf of Mexico Causes of the Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill in the Gulf of Mexico.
Suite 101.com . Antebellum Period Essay? Retrieved from common about dance http://www.suite101.com/content/causes-of-the-deepwater-horizon-oil-spill-in-the-gulf-of-mexico-a238207. Winter, D.C (2010). Interim Report on Causes of the Deepwater Horizon Oil Rig Blowout and Ways to prevent such events . Washington, DC, National Academy of Engineering and National Research Council of the National Academies. Antebellum Essay? You can place an order similar to this with us. You are assured of an authentic custom paper delivered within the given deadline besides our 24/7 customer support all through.
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Carlo Collodi, Les Aventures de Pinocchio. Carlo Collodi, Les Aventures de Pinocchio , traduction par Isabel Violante, chronologie, presentation, notes, dossier, bibliographie par Jean-Claude Zancarini, Paris, Flammarion, 2001, 349 p., 57 FF / 8,69 ˆ Traduit de l'italien par Laura Fournier. 1 La traduction d’un texte classique est le renouvellement d’un acte d’amour pour son auteur et pour la promesse faite par celui-ci a ses lecteurs d’hier et d’aujourd’hui. Antebellum Period? Les Aventures de Pinocchio de Collodi (Carlo Lorenzini), traduites par Isabel Violante et augmentees d’une presentation et d’un ample dossier redige par Jean-Claude Zancarini, naissent de cette sensibilite. India? L’ouvrage refuse en effet tout type d’interpretation qui « recherche l’effet » et incite le lecteur a reconsiderer le texte – ce qui, dans le cas de l’ouvrage de Collodi, est concretement ce qui compte le plus. Antebellum Essay? Pinocchio , d’ailleurs, comme tous les classiques, porte en lui les strates d’interpretations successives, ce qui rend impraticable un rapport desenchante du lecteur avec le texte. Essay Long School? C’est donc de la comprehension des differentes lectures dont Pinocchio est en quelque sorte la « victime passive » que l’editeur de l’ouvrage a choisi de partir, mettant ainsi en discussion la reduction du texte a un simple « conte pedagogique ». Antebellum Essay? La critique a en effet l’habitude de rappeler que la « gaminerie » – c’est ainsi que l’auteur definit son ?uvre dans une lettre – est parue en feuilleton, de 1881 a 1883, dans le Giornale per pursuit essay i bambini , « le journal pour les enfants » fonde par Ferdinando Martini puis dirige par Lorenzini lui-meme. Antebellum Period Essay? Ainsi on pursuit of happiness a souvent donne un poids excessif a la destination premiere de l’?uvre par rapport a l’evolution de l’ecriture du texte. Period Essay? Ceci a conduit a une lecture reductrice, encore augmentee par le succes deferlant de l’adaptation cinematographique de Walt Disney – dont l’examen dans le dossier est fort opportun. 2 La reedition de Pinocchio dans la collection « Dossier » de Flammarion, a cote de textes litteraires consideres comme « majeurs », de romans de formation et de classiques de la pensee, suggere au lecteur un retour sur cette ?uvre.
Ce n’est pas la, bien sur, une nouveaute, mais, aujourd’hui comme hier, l’initiative conserve un certain charme « revolutionnaire ». Year? On pense par exemple a la belle edition Einaudi, publiee en 1943 avec une breve et emouvante introduction de Cesare Zavattini. Antebellum Period Essay? L’edition Einaudi n’etait pas destinee a l’enfance, mais invitait les lecteurs a reconsiderer les aventures de la marionnette la plus celebre au monde comme un texte classique, et un classique est ce qu’il y a de plus utile pour continuer a exercer sa pensee a chaque epoque, meme dans les periodes les plus sombres, pour reprendre l’expression de Bertolt Brecht. On Role? Cette meme idee parcourt les pages de cette edition, dont le dossier se termine, sans qu’il faille voir la l’effet du hasard, par une phrase d’Italo Calvino, que l’editeur reprend a son compte : « un classique, c’est un livre qui n’a jamais fini de dire ce qu’il a a dire » (p. Period Essay? 343). Common App Essay About Dance? Il serait donc reducteur de definir Les Aventures de Pinocchio comme« un classique de la litterature enfantine ». Antebellum Period Essay? Il s’agit au contraire, comme l’ont ecrit Carlo Fruttero et Franco Lucentini, « d’un classique de la litterature tout court ». 3 Il parait tout aussi reducteur d’aborder l’ouvrage a la seule lumiere d’une lecture sociologique et plus encore –comme le souligne Jean-Claude Zancarini en analysant certains textes d’Alberto Asor Rosa– en s’appuyant sur une vision psychologisante de Collodi. Persuasive Year Long? Cette « gaminerie » a ete ecrite « pour toujours », comme c’est le cas en general pour les recits, independamment de leur destination et de leur destin. Antebellum Period Essay? C’est donc dans cette direction qu’il est necessaire d’avancer, pour tenter de comprendre le texte tout en choisissant, en « adultes », parmi les multiples lectures possibles. Persuasive Long? L’?uvre de Collodi, ecrit Jean-Claude Zancarini, ne peut etre reduite a une seule lecture. Essay? « Carlo Fruttero et Franco Lucentini », poursuit l’auteur, « nous rappellent un point qui devrait etre une evidence pour un lecteur et dont nous allons tenter de faire notre profit : “ne nous laissons pas tromper par la destination primitive de Pinocchio a l’enfance et, surtout, ne nous laissons pas convaincre par ses faux amis et ses ennemis declares, qui veulent que pour le lire ou le relire il faille une cle speciale ; deliberement ‘fraiche et ingenue’, ou au contraire (mais c’est au fond la meme chose) rare et sophistiquee, voire arrogamment ‘sociale’.
Non, la seule cle de lecture adulte pour un classique de la litterature a toujours ete et demeure la cle litteraire, faite d’attention aux effets de l’art, poetiques au sens large, et des moyens que l’auteur a employes pour les atteindre” » (p. On Role India? 29). 4 Est-il donc pensable que Les Aventures de Pinocchio, nees comme un livre destine a l’enfance, aient fini ensuite par s’adresser a un tout autre public ? 5 C’est justement dans la presence d’elements apparemment contradictoires qu’il faut rechercher la cle de son succes persistant, par rapport aux autres textes et romans pedagogiques de la fin du XIX e siecle. Antebellum Essay? La pedagogie, quelle que soit la facon dont on structure essay la considere, trouve sa raison d’etre dans ses effets « sociaux » : c’est dans la « discipline sociale » que resident ses aspirations, independamment des methodes qu’elle acquiert au fil du temps. Antebellum Essay? La croissance individuelle, pour sa part, n’admet aucune planification, et se presente comme le fruit de plusieurs stimuli lies a l’experience et aux relations personnelles historiquement mises en acte par chaque individu. Supply Chain Study? Cette tension, que l’?uvre de Collodi met en evidence, caracterise traditionnellement l’histoire de la pensee occidentale. Antebellum? A la fin du XIX e siecle, la tache de la pedagogie, comme on common pouvait l’entendre, etait de former des citoyens « utiles » a l’Etat et a ses institutions, dont les valeurs largement partagees n’etaient pas mises en discussion. Antebellum Period? On peut se demander quelle utilite pour les institutions et pour la formation de bons citoyens pouvait avoir un livre comme Pinocchio , qui met en evidence les difficultes du parcours individuel de la croissance, dans son rapport douloureux avec les methodes pedagogiques de l’epoque. 6 La croissance de Pinocchio s’acheve au moment ou l’enfant peut finalement regarder le pantin de l’exterieur, comme si c’etait un etranger.
La page finale peut stupefier le lecteur. On Role India? Avec une habilete extraordinaire, Collodi fait, encore une fois, parler Pinocchio « a lui-meme », en son for period essay, interieur, avec une satisfaction non dissimulee, comme pour signifier que la reflexion personnelle etait, au fond, le but recherche : « Pinocchio se retourna pour le regarder et, apres l’avoir bien regarde, il se dit a lui-meme, avec infiniment de satisfaction : ‘Comme j’etais ridicule quand j’etais un pantin ! Et comme je suis heureux d’etre devenu un petit garcon comme il faut !’« (p. Of Happiness? 314-315). 7 Au cours du recit, l’auteur n’entend pas tant montrer au lecteur, en termes pedagogiques, la distinction nette entre ce qui est bien et ce qui est mal, selon une morale universellement acceptee, que souligner la capacite de chaque individu a atteindre un stade ou il lui est possible d’arreter de reagir exclusivement aux sollicitations exterieures sans aucune reflexion personnelle. 8 Les monologues interieurs dont est capable le pantin au cours de l’histoire murissent apres coup, apres qu’il a fait ses betises, toujours « tout seul » (« da se solo ») et souvent a haute voix : « - Bien fait pour moi !… Ah ! oui, bien fait ! j’ai voulu faire le paresseux, le vagabond… j’ai voulu suivre de mauvais compagnons, et le sort me poursuit sans cesse. Antebellum Period? Si j’avais ete un enfant comme il faut, comme tant d’autres, si j’avais eu envie d’etudier et de travailler, si j’etais reste a la maison avec mon pauvre papa, a l’heure qu’il est je ne serais pas ici, au milieu des champs, faisant le chien de garde a la porte d’une maison de paysans. Common App Essay About Dance? Ah ! si je pouvais naitre une seconde fois !… Mais maintenant, il est trop tard. Antebellum Period? Prenons patience !… » (p. Essay Of Youth India? 158-161). Antebellum Essay? C’est egalement le ton des autres monologues, introduits toujours par un « si j’avais fait… », « si j’avais eu… ». App Essay About Dance? L’auteur utilise aussi le monologue pour exprimer la stupeur du pantin devant la vie, comme dans le chapitre XIV, lors de la rencontre avec les « assassins ». Antebellum Essay? Dans d’autres cas, le monologue sert a souligner la naivete, comme lorsque Pinocchio imagine la multiplication de ses pieces de monnaie plantees dans le Champ des miracles, au debut du chapitre XIX.
Il est presque superflu de remarquer la distance qui separe ces monologues de la page finale, ou le monologue represente la realisation d’une etape de la croissance. 9 L’habilete de Collodi depasse dans tous les cas la simple technique narrative. Year Long School? Non seulement il est parfaitement a son aise avec les canons de l’ecriture pour enfants, fruit de sa longue pratique du metier, mais aussi avec les techniques educatives. Essay? C’est surtout la connaissance de ces dernieres qui lui evite de tomber dans le piege represente par le recit pedagogique, visant la formation du citoyen « utile » aux institutions. Structure Of A Problem? Nous ne voulons pas pour autant affirmer que Pinocchio est un representant de l’hostilite vis-a-vis de l’autorite, meme si les episodes allant en ce sens ne manquent pas ; l’ouverture du chapitre XIV suffira comme exemple : « Nous, les enfants, nous sommes bien malheureux ! Tout le monde nous crie dessus, tout le monde nous gronde, tout le monde nous donne des conseils. Period? A bien ecouter, chacun se mettrait en tete d’etre notre pere ou notre maitre » (p. About Dance? 110-111). Antebellum Period? Ce monologue implique que la reconnaissance de l’autorite doit toujours et de toute facon preceder l’obeissance a ses regles. App Essay About Dance? Aucun respect dogmatique de l’autorite n’est possible.
10 Ceci constitue un aspect secondaire de la trame narrative. Period Essay? Collodi n’entend pas reveler au lecteur ce qui arrive lorsque le pantin desobeit a l’autorite : si cela avait ete son intention, l’histoire de Pinocchio nous aurait semble plate et convenue, malgre l’imagination qui preside aux representations de la realite que fournissent des personnages comme Mangefeu, Lumignon, le Chat et le Renard. Essay Of Youth In Developing? L’auteur semble plutot etre fortement interesse par la description des situations paradoxales qu’implique necessairement la volonte de devenir « un petit garcon comme il faut », c’est-a-dire le choix d’obeir a la lettre et sans discrimination aux regles imposees par l’autorite. Period? Le caractere paradoxal du rapport entre bien et mal, utile et honnete, entre ordre et obeissance, plus que par les « friponneries » de la marionnette, se percoit dans les passages ou Collodi decrit la realite institutionnelle de l’ecole et de la justice, dont la garantie represente l’aspiration supreme de l’Etat. App Essay About Dance? Examinons quelques exemples.
11 Repondant a l’appel du Grand Theatre de Marionnettes, Pinocchio vend l’Abecedaire que Geppetto, son pere, avait achete en se privant de son veston, pour lui permettre de frequenter dignement l’ecole. Antebellum Period Essay? Ce geste amorce l’errance du pantin, truffee de mesaventures qui culminent lors de la rencontre avec la Fee aux cheveux bleus, a laquelle Pinocchio ne manque pas d’exprimer sa volonte de « devenir un enfant a tout prix ». Structure And Solution Essay? La promesse de faire le bien trouve cette fois un obstacle dans la dure, dramatique et violente realite de l’ecole. Essay? Il est bien difficile de percevoir une intention pedagogique dans le realisme avec lequel Collodi decrit le premier jour de Pinocchio a l’ecole communale, ou il se heurte pour la premiere fois a l’intolerance face a la diversite. Pursuit Of Happiness Essay? Ce jour-la Pinocchio apprend que seul l’usage de la force permet de gagner la bienveillance de ses camarades (p. Period? 194-195) : « Le fait est qu’apres ce coup de pied, Pinocchio acquit l’estime et la sympathie de tous les enfants de l’ecole. Pursuit Essay? Tous lui firent mille caresses et lui temoignerent beaucoup d’affection. Antebellum Period? Le maitre lui-meme se rejouissait de Pinocchio, car il le voyait attentif, studieux, intelligent, toujours le premier a entrer en cours, toujours le dernier a se lever a la fin de la classe ». 12 La representation de la « justice » est encore plus cynique que celle de la realite scolaire : Collodi semble bien suggerer qu’il faut s’en tenir le plus loin possible, non seulement pour decourager ses lecteurs (« les jeunes lecteurs » ?) de commettre de mauvaises actions, mais surtout parce que la « justice » institutionnelle ne repond pas aux criteres de ce qui est « juste » et « equitable ». About? Ce theme revient avec une certaine frequence au fil du texte. 13 Au chapitre XIX, Pinocchio arrive dans la ville d’Attrape-Nigauds, guide par le Chat et le Renard qui, grace a des manigances, « en lui enseignant a s’enrichir sans se fatiguer », le depouillent de ses quatre pieces d’or.
Ayant decouvert le piege grace a un perroquet qui se moque de lui en le traitant de « dindon », Pinocchio se rend « droit au tribunal pour denoncer au juge les deux malfaiteurs qui l’avaient vole » (p. Period? 146-147). Common About Dance? Au tribunal il rencontre le juge, « un singe de la race des Gorilles ». Period? La justice, telle que la represente Collodi en cette occasion, prend donc les traits d’un singe, respectable par son grand age, mais surtout par ses lunettes d’or. Of Toyota? Le juge en effet ne voit pas tres bien a cause d’une « inflammation des yeux », et il est oblige de porter continuellement une paire de lunettes, dont la particularite est d’etre depourvue de verres. Antebellum Period Essay? A cette occasion Pinocchio apprend qu’a temoigner contre des voleurs on on role in developing india recolte une condamnation : « Ce pauvre diable a ete depouille de quatre pieces d’or. Antebellum Essay? Aussi, saisissez-le et mettez-le vite en prison » (p. App Essay? 148-149). Period? La sentence laisse le pantin totalement ahuri, et il n’a meme pas le temps de protester. Term? Ce qui arrive a Pinocchio en prison est encore plus paradoxal.
Apres quatre mois, « un coup de chance inespere » se presente : l’Empereur de la ville apres une victoire, decide de faire beneficier d’une amnistie « tous les malfaiteurs ». Period? A la demande de Pinocchio de sortir de prison avec les autres, le geolier lui repond qu’il n’est pas du nombre, puisqu’il est alle en prison pour avoir ete depouille et non pour avoir commis un vol. Essay Of Youth In Developing India? Pinocchio est alors contraint de se presenter comme un « malfaiteur », donc comme coupable d’une faute qu’il n’a pas commise, pour pouvoir beneficier de l’amnistie. 14 Il est difficile de croire que Collodi, a cet endroit, avait seulement en tete ses jeunes lecteurs. Antebellum Period Essay? Nous pensons egalement a l’episode d’Eugene qui rappelle de pres le recit de Montaigne dans l’essai consacre a l’experience ( Essais , III, 13). Persuasive Essay Year Long? Montaigne evoque des paysans qui, rencontrant un moribond meurtri de cent coups et desireux de recevoir une gorgee d’eau, n’osent pas s’en approcher de peur d’etre attrapes par « les gens de la justice », « comme il se fait de ceux qu’on rencontre pres d’un homme tue ». Antebellum Period? Il est certain que cet office d’humanite, ajoutait Montaigne, « les eut mis en peine » car ils n’avaient « ni suffisance, ni argent, pour defendre leur innocence ». Of Happiness Essay? Si l’on veut savoir ce qu’auraient pu etre, de fait, les suites du cas presente par Montaigne, il suffit de lire ce qui advient alors a Pinocchio. Period? Sept camarades d’ecole le convainquent de se rendre sur la plage pour voir le requin, et bien vite il decouvre que ses camarades l’ont « bien attrape » : le terrible requin n’y est pas. Pursuit Of Happiness? Le seul but de cette plaisanterie etait de faire manquer l’ecole a Pinocchio, juge « trop travailleur » : « – Que vous importe si je travaille ? », leur demande Pinocchio.
Ses camarades repondent : « les ecoliers qui etudient font faire mauvaise figure a ceux qui, comme nous, n’ont pas envie d’etudier. Antebellum Essay? Et nous ne voulons pas faire mauvaise figure ! Nous aussi, nous avons notre amour propre !… » (p. Persuasive Year Long School? 200-201). Antebellum? Suite aux requetes de ses camarades de « prendre en grippe l’ecole », nait un litige qui bientot devient une bagarre entre les sept et Pinocchio. Dance? Les livres volent et quand ils sont epuises, l’un des camarades, voyant que les seuls livres disponibles sont ceux du pantin, saisit un lourd Manuel d’Arithmetique et le lance de toutes ses forces contre Pinocchio.
Le volume, evite par ce dernier, frappe a la tete Eugene, l’un des sept camarades qui, blanc comme un linge, tombe sur le sable en disant : « – Au secours, maman… car je meurs ! ». Antebellum? A la vue de ce « petit mort », les enfants epouvantes s’enfuient (p. Persuasive School? 204-205). Antebellum Period Essay? Pinocchio reste aux cotes de son camarade, et dans les larmes et le desespoir, il va mouiller son mouchoir dans la mer pour l’aider a reprendre ses sens, sans cesser de l’appeler par son prenom. Management Of Toyota? Devant le corps de son camarade, Pinocchio entend les pas de deux carabiniers. Period Essay? Ceux-ci s’arretent et l’interrogent (p. Of Happiness? 206-209) : – Que fais-tu, couche a terre ? – demanderent-ils a Pinocchio.
– J’assiste mon camarade d’ecole. – Il s’est senti mal ? – Plus que mal ! dit l’un des carabiniers qui, se baissant, observa Eugene de tout pres. Antebellum Period Essay? Cet enfant a ete blesse a la tempe. Pursuit Of Happiness? Qui est-ce qui l’a blesse ? – Ce n’est pas moi, balbutia Pinocchio qui ne respirait plus. – Si ce n’est pas toi, qui est-ce ? – Ce n’est pas moi, repeta Pinocchio. – Et avec quoi l’a-t-on blesse ? – Avec ce livre. Antebellum? Et Pinocchio ramassa a terre le Manuel d’Arithmetique relie en carton et parchemin, pour le montrer au carabinier. – A qui est ce livre ? – Cela suffit.
Peu importe le reste. Management? Releve-toi immediatement et viens avec nous. – Viens avec nous ! – Mais je suis innocent !… – Viens avec nous ! 15 « Combien avons-nous decouvert d’innocents avoir ete punis […] ; et combien en y a-t-il eu que nous n’avons pas decouverts ? », aurait commente Montaigne. 16 A qui s’adressait Collodi dans son feuilleton ? A qui s’adresse aujourd’hui encore l’histoire du pantin ? 1 On se souviendra que c’est le terme qu’utilise Collodi pour commenter la reaction de Pinocchio deva (. Antebellum Period Essay? ) 17 A coup sur, le charme des Aventures de Pinocchio reside tout entier dans l’efficacite avec laquelle est mis en recit le caractere paradoxal de la vie reelle, qui aujourd’hui comme hier ne cesse de nous laisser « di princisbecco »1. 1 On se souviendra que c’est le terme qu’utilise Collodi pour commenter la reaction de Pinocchio devant la sentence du juge-gorille aux lunettes sans verre : « rimase di princisbecco ». Year? Il y avait en effet de quoi « rester bouche bee » devant l’enormite de cette injustice ! Paolo Carta , « Carlo Collodi, Les Aventures de Pinocchio », Laboratoire italien [En ligne], 2 | 2001, mis en ligne le 07 juillet 2011, consulte le 02 octobre 2017.
URL : http://laboratoireitalien.revues.org/308. ISSN electronique 2117-4970. Informations Titre : Laboratoire italien Politique et societe En bref : Revue consacree a l'etude de l'Italie passee et presente comme un lieu privilegie d'etude du politique.
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2015 Gale/LJ Library of the Year: Ferguson Municipal Public Library, MO, Courage in Crisis. Top: The exterior of antebellum essay Ferguson Municipal Public Library; center: Director Scott Bonner, the library’s table at the farmers’ market; bottom: adult and teen patrons using the library Photos by structure of a and solution essay, Sid Hastings. The Ferguson Municipal Public Library (FMPL), MO , became a model for all libraries in the way it reacted to the crisis and the aftermath of riots brought on antebellum period, by the shooting of Michael Brown, a young African American man, by local police. The little FMPL, with its part-time staff, a growing cadre of volunteers and partners, and its director and sole full-time employee, was the one agency in town that stayed open to serve and support all the people of persuasive Ferguson. The library quickly became a safe haven and expressed a peaceful resolve, becoming a critical community anchor.
Proud of FMPL, librarians nationwide reacted, as did media large and small, and all who heard of the library’s calm leadership. “The Ferguson Library provided the example for essay, all of us to live up to. It behaved as all of us hope that we would behave if confronted by essay in developing, a similar situation,” writes Steven V. Potter, director and CEO of the Mid-Continent Library System in nearby Independence. All too soon, that example was called into antebellum play, as Baltimore’s Enoch Pratt Free Library looked to FMPL for problem and solution, a model in April 2015, when the city was racked by sometimes-violent protest following the funeral of Freddie Gray, an African American man who died in police custody. FMPL Director Scott Bonner himself says what FMPL did is what libraries do after tornadoes in Joplin, during hurricanes in New England, and at many other times. Antebellum Essay? “I think libraries step up all the pursuit essay time. There is always tension between do you open to antebellum period essay, serve your public or do you play it safe,” Bonner says. Inspired by the ongoing creative response in Ferguson and the way that work has elevated the public perception of all libraries, Potter initiated a nomination for FMPL for the Gale, a part of Cengage Learning, and Library Journal 2015 Library of the persuasive essay year Year, which was submitted by the Urban Libraries Council (ULC) and signed by more than 100 directors of the most prestigious U.S. libraries. From a competitive field, the antebellum judges selected Ferguson. WHAT LIBRARIES DO The Ferguson Municipal PL (FMPL) is a well-used community resource. (Top row, l.–r.): The laptop computer workstations are popular with patrons. The FMPL team: (l.–r.) Crystal Smith, Director Scott Bonner, Amy Randazzo (front), Allison Repking, Joanne Chiu, and Magdalene Linck. Photos by Sid Hastings. A communitywide crisis.
Ferguson, MO, is an older suburb of St. Common App Essay Dance? Louis, founded in 1855. Currently, 67 percent of the 21,000 people who live there are African American, a dramatic shift from the one percent reported in antebellum, 1970. Supply Chain Management Case Of Toyota? Approximately 25 percent of Ferguson residents have income below the poverty level. Period Essay? In August 2014, Michael Brown, a young African American man, was shot and essay on role in developing india, killed by a member of the Ferguson Police Department. The circumstances around the incident and the manner in which the police handled the situation after the shooting were controversial at the time and remain so. The case ignited protests and essay, vigils as well as looting and management study, rioting, with skirmishes between protesters and antebellum essay, police, on-the-scene media, and others in authority. Gov. Jay Nixon imposed curfews that were sometimes ignored and called in the National Guard. All of this was featured in the national, and global, news. In November 2014, when the grand jury failed to indict the policeman responsible for the shooting, another wave of protests and riots broke out in Ferguson.
Calls for further investigation of the Ferguson administration came from all levels of government. The schools were closed, the streets were in structure of a and solution essay, chaos, and the emotions of the essay residents were at a breaking point. FMPL, concerned for pursuit essay, the safety of antebellum essay its citizens, especially children, again stayed open throughout the crisis, providing a place for learning and in which students and teachers could meet to about, create a level of normalcy. Period Essay? FMPL became the center of community support. Persuasive Year Long? It was where people came to get help. Antebellum Period Essay? Emphasizing its relationship to the people of the community, FMPL placed signs outside the building announcing that it stands with citizens and their rights at a time when police battle protesters.
When the first outbreak of civil unrest occurred in August 2014, Bonner was in supply of toyota, just his fifth week on the job. It would have been easier to close the library as many expected. Instead, Bonner had the courage and commitment to antebellum, the community to keep FMPL open and to partner with teachers and community agencies to provide education, information, and emotional sustenance to the citizenry, including its children. As the story unfolded and the library stayed open, FMPL became an icon of papers constructive engagement and Bonner an unofficial ambassador of antebellum period essay this important aspect of the library’s mission in supply chain case, a community in turmoil. Left: a typical day at the library.
Right: director Bonner (foreground) joins board members (l.–r.) Peggy Foege, Jeff Appel, and antebellum essay, Theresa Smythe in preparing for an FMPL-sponsored yard sale. Photos by Sid Hastings. Long scary days. FMPL announced that it would stay open “as long as library staff feel that their patrons are safe there.” “I defined the library mission as widely as I could. I wanted to of happiness essay, look back at this time and regret saying ‘yes’ too much instead of saying ‘no’ too much,” says Bonner, a philosophy he continues to period, implement. “I’ve done a lot of thinking about the library’s mission and how broadly we can define it so that I can say ‘yes,’ and not be gatekeeping and stopping things,” Bonner says. “I want to say ‘yes’ to everything I can. We’re going to run the on strategic library too hot, things are going to break. Things are going to go sideways. I’d rather do too much and antebellum essay, have things go sideways that do too little.” So far, however, he hasn’t regretted saying yes to staying open. Essay? “It was scary a lot, but the scariest times were when the library was closed. During open hours it has been safe, except twice.
On the morning of August 11, when there was a big protest and essay, the police were pushing the crowds up the road right past the library, I was worried. It happened again when the grand jury announcements came. About Dance? Otherwise, we have been open normal hours.” However, Bonner’s own hours were anything but normal in the heat of those events: “When everything was going crazy#8230;. Basically if I was awake, I was here,” says Bonner, who is also among the 2015 class of LJ Movers Shakers. Period? Top: following the turmoil surrounding Michael Brown’s death, Missouri governor Jay Nixon (l.) met with Capt. Ron Johnson. and the press in the library.
Bottom: the library’s fall art show. drew lots of love to FMPL. Photos courtesy of chain management case study Ferguson Municipal. A place for the kids. Art teacher Carrie Pace from the Walnut Grove School asked Bonner if the library space could be used by teachers to provide an educational experience for Ferguson children during that difficult time. The school district closed indefinitely at the beginning of the school year, so FMPL created an “ad hoc school on the fly,” with volunteers and teachers and programs for children centered in one area of the library. Sign-ins and sign-outs were required by the same caregiver at the beginning and antebellum, end of each day. Teachers and volunteers worked to keep the children engaged in learning, while the children worked through a defined curriculum appropriate to their grade. The demand grew so high that the program was expanded and more space was found in persuasive year school, the nearby Baptist Church. In the beginning, roughly 40 students came to antebellum essay, the classes, but three days later the chain study enrollment grew to 150, and by the end of the week, more than 200 students and over antebellum essay 100 teachers and volunteers participated in both locations. “Families depended on sending kids to school. The program was as much for the parents and families as it was for the kids. Families really needed it, and they really appreciated it,” says Pace.
Although the attendance grew to more than 200, the same children didn’t show up every day. According to Pace, some came all week and many for just a couple of days. Term Papers? “I expected a library to step up and do this sort of thing. Essay? That was the common app essay dance first place I turned to because I kind of expected it would step up,” said Pace when asked whether she was surprised by FMPL’s quick action to get the program going. “I thought libraries could play the role that it did. I wasn’t surprised that Scott would open the library doors. What I was really amazed at was how he didn’t just say ‘go ahead’ [but] got himself totally involved. He really organized events, got donations, and antebellum period, all sorts of about dance things.” The program continued after schools had reopened and teachers returned.
The staff at the St. Louis headquarters of Teach for America (TFA) stepped in to take over. Abby Crawford, managing director of teacher leadership development at TFA, is from the Ferguson community. “The teachers had to go back to work in their schools, so we at period, TFA were able to come in and help keep the program open. Some of our staff and alumni partnered with the library and Carrie to work in the library,” Crawford says. “Most inspiring was that Scott Bonner absolutely understood#8230;. Persuasive Long? He could have just closed the library and period, waited out the structure of a problem and solution essay situation like everyone else did. He clearly didn’t want to do that. Each day we would see how peaceful it was and decide whether to stay open. Once we decided, child after child came to the library,” Crawford says. Later on, magic shows, crafts, and antebellum period essay, other activities kept the kids entertained and alleviated pressure on caregivers and parents. Common App Essay About Dance? Left: homework patrol in period essay, the reading room. Right: a youngster sinks into structure of a problem a good story in an upholstered bathtub reading spot in the children’s section.
Photos by Sid Hastings. Antebellum Period? FMPL did many things to essay of youth in developing india, support the emotional recovery of the people of Ferguson. Period Essay? The library created Healing Kits, each a backpack with the library logo on it. Inside are books and worksheets about pursuit of happiness essay coping, source material on civil rights history, a list of resources for adults to get free or inexpensive mental health information nearby, and, of antebellum course, a teddy bear. Patrons could check out the whole thing and later return the backpack and the books but keep the teddy bear and structure essay, the worksheets. FMPL offered special outreach to adults, through volunteer social workers and community engagement opportunities.
All were offered to the public through social media and at the library. FMPL also served as one of the galleries hosting an antebellum essay art exhibit entitled “Hands Up, Don’t Shoot!” The show was organized by the Alliance of Black Art Galleries to give local artists the structure of a and solution essay chance to antebellum period, respond to Brown’s killing. It opened October 17, 2014, and ran through December 20. Artwork was exhibited in more than a dozen galleries throughout the area. A CREATIVE COMMUNITY (l.–r.) Poetry club advisors Damion Trasada (l.) and Theresa Bradley host a Saturday meeting at persuasive, the library,while young poets concentrate on creativity. Photos by Sid Hastings. FMPL also created or hosted scores of programs specifically to help Ferguson’s local businesses recover. The U.S. Small Business Administration was invited to set up at the library to provide emergency loans after Governor Nixon declared the area to be in antebellum period, a state of about economic emergency.
FMPL hosted a help session from the state agency that handles insurance and held listening sessions for small businesses to assist those who suffered damage during the period essay unrest to get together with nonprofits that could help them with recovery and its costs. Bonner is happy to point out essay in developing india, that everything FMPL did was in partnership with other local agencies: “little partnerships here, there, and everywhere.” There was the one with TFA, another with Story Corps, FMPL’s colleague institutions in the nine-member Municipal Library Consortium of St. Louis County to which it belongs, and many more. LJ thanks the following individuals who volunteered their valuable time to help select. the 2015 Library of the Year: Gale Bacon , Director, Belgrade Community Library, MT, LJ ’s 2015 Best Small Library. Antebellum Period Essay? Larry Neal , Director, Clinton-Macomb Public Library, MI, and term on strategic, President, Public Library Association. Lucie Osborn , County Librarian, Laramie County Library System, WY, LJ ’s 2008. Period Essay? Library of the Year. Brian Risse , VP–National Sales Manager, Public Libraries, Gale Cengage Learning.
The panel also includes LJ ’s John N. Berry III, Matt Enis, Rebecca T. Miller, Lisa Peet, and Meredith Schwartz. Donors and the board respond. In response to persuasive essay year long, the library’s actions, donations poured in from all over the community—and, indeed, the country. The library used social media to coordinate communication, and the story—one of the few pieces of good news and concrete action that far-off observers could take to bolster the community—quickly went viral and led to some $450,000 in donations, more than double FMPL’s budget from antebellum period property taxes. In addition to individual contributions, FMPL has new grants from the chain State of period Missouri and private foundations, as well as contributions of books from authors across the globe.
Recently, venture capitalist Marc Andreessen and his wife, Laura Arrillaga-Andreessen, teamed up with Hewlett-Packard (HP) to app essay about, give to period essay, both Ferguson and Baltimore’s Enoch Pratt nearly $170,000 worth of computers and other equipment. Since the trouble, FMPL has found the resources to hire a second full-time staff member, a children’s services/program librarian, according to Steve Wegert, treasurer of the FMPL board and former mayor of essay on role in developing Ferguson. Additionally, the library has the antebellum period essay services of two paralibrarians. Says Wegert, “Most of the donations we have received#8230;have been in essay, the $10–$25 range, but some of the larger ones, like that one from HP and its board, will allow us to do things we have needed to do for antebellum essay, a long time.” “The library continues to be a kind of shining star of positiveness coming out of Ferguson,” Wegert says. Common Dance? “If nothing else, what our community has been through with this, and how the library has assisted in bringing some normalcy back to Ferguson, says libraries are absolutely relevant now,” Wegert continues. “Our board has been incredibly supportive of what Scott Bonner has been able to antebellum, do#8230;. It is always a challenge to run a facility with limited dollars. Scott Bonner’s arrival breathed some new life into the library, new ideas, using what funds we have to do some new things. He led the charge and our staff was up to it and put in tremendous hours,” says Wegert. Essay In Developing India? Cathy Bindbeutel, president of the FMPL board and a retired teacher and lifelong Ferguson resident, says, “These unfortunate events really did change my idea of what a library ought to be. Antebellum Essay? The fact that the library stayed open and welcomed the students and of happiness, teachers when school didn’t start brought an amazing response. The library has just done so much.
We have benefited financially and in many other ways, in good publicity. We are so happy to have Scott Bonner, and proud of the way he handled this,” Bindbeutel says. The one that worked#8230; “Some believe that the Ferguson Municipal Public Library was the only thing that worked during the Ferguson crisis#8230;. If ever faced with the same challenges, I know all libraries will look to Scott Bonner and the Ferguson Library. If confronted with similar situations, we would all strive to perform in the same way. If this isn’t the definition of a Library of the Year, I’m not sure what is,” writes Potter. Our judges agree. Antebellum Essay? Library of the Year 2015 Special Mention. Many of the nominees in pursuit, this competition demonstrate the essay innovation and excellence practiced every day by U.S. and Canadian libraries.
Two other libraries in particular deserve special mention for featuring the service philosophy and dedication to community that signify a Library of the common app essay about dance Year. NASHVILLE PUBLIC LIBRARY. Nashville Public Library (NPL) serves a population of period 658,602 from 21 locations. Nearly half that many people, 302,133, attended a program last year, and NPL saw 3.5 million visits and 4.6 million in total circulation. NPL created an award-winning collaboration with the term papers on strategic management city’s public schools known as Limitless Libraries, which has been tied to increased test scores. Using school IDs as public library cards, students can order items to be delivered to their school the next day. NPL is building a joint ILS between NPL and the schools. The library surpasses limits in many other arenas, too. It houses an after-school intervention network, the Nashville After Zone Alliance, in which kids take classes in antebellum, bike repair, fashion design, art, robotics, and more.
Plans are in the works to app essay, expand the initiative to more than 15,000 students, with a focus on increased reading scores. NPL also wishes to expand its Bringing Books to Life program, which trains teachers to incorporate storytelling and reading into every part of the antebellum classroom, via NPL’s full-time puppeteers. As a result, 94 percent of study of toyota teachers use more literature-based themes in their classes, and antebellum period, 90 percent consider NPL a curriculum-building resource. Parent workshops train parents to integrate books and reading into their homes. As a result, 97 percent of essay parents do more literacy-related activities at antebellum period essay, home, and 73 percent use the library more. NPL will soon open teen creativity zones called Studio NPL at supply study, its Main, East, and Madison branches, reaching 15,000 middle and high school students. NPL’s efforts aren’t just for kids. The library developed its digital collection aggressively, spending 12–15 percent of its materials budget. Last year alone, digital use jumped from 16 percent to 23 percent of total circulation. The system also made a data-driven decision to antebellum, drop floating collections, leading to more than 11,000 additional checkouts in three months. The library’s mobile computer training lab, job search lab, and seed exchange serve the myriad needs and interests of term papers on strategic its community, as does its work with the city’s Pathway for New Americans initiative.
The recently established Library Homelessness Advisory Council helps NPL serve all its patrons. One of NPL’s important innovations is the Civil Rights Room, “a public living room, where civic education, community conversations, and antebellum period essay, storytelling serve as tools of change,” as NPL describes it. Recently the room hosted special civil rights training for Metro Nashville Police Academy trainees. Says judge Brian Risse, VP, national sales manager, public libraries, for Gale Cengage, “NPL stood out for [its] willingness to#8230;share the in developing outcomes generated by [its] efforts.” Those efforts, he added, “showed a total commitment to antebellum essay, the library as the educational hub in term papers on strategic, the community.” Judge Gale Bacon, director, Belgrade Community Library, MT, LJ ’s Best Small Library in essay, America 2015, agrees. “Nashville Public Library touches [its] community from womb to tomb.” ORANGE COUNTY LIBRARY SYSTEM, Mary Anne Hodel, Library Director/CEO. The Orange County Library System (OCLS) serves a large population, circulating nearly 14 million items last year and hosting almost eight million visitors at its 15 locations (plus another nearly 3.7 million online). As with Nashville, among its innovations is a partnership with local schools: since 2004, every librarian proactively connects with various levels of elementary school personnel. In addition, a newly created position of curriculum specialist develops, implements, and evaluates youth activities, aligning events to state standards. Also aligned with state standards is the Skills Challenge series, computer-based programs that develop reading, problem solving, and technology skills using Early Literacy Stations. Structure Of A Problem And Solution? A tech club and Camp Savvy summer computer classes continue STEM learning. For the littlest learners, the library offers on-site programming to help preschoolers develop skills they will need in kindergarten via songs and antebellum period, stories; to supplement those, or for kids whose caregivers can’t attend, OCLS’s children’s department and teachers from the Orange County School District received a grant to in developing, create a kindergarten readiness app for preschoolers. Since its introduction in mid-2014, it has been downloaded by 657 users.
For adult learners, the library boasts Lifelong Learning divisions, which target residents at different stages of their lives: as students, new parents (as well as parents of students), job seekers, entrepreneurs, empty-nesters, and retirees. To help serve all those life stages, in early 2014 OCLS opened the Dorothy Lumley Melrose Center for Technology, Innovation, and Creativity. This 26,000 square foot facility at period essay, the downtown Orlando location offers audio and video production studios, photographic studios, simulation labs, and papers on strategic management, 3-D scanning and period, printing. It also contains STEM equipment and a fab lab and offers classes on how to use the software and hardware, as well as biweekly Tech Talks on topics ranging from “Wearable Technology” to supply chain study, “Confessions of a Serial Entrepreneur.” The Chickasaw Branch, scheduled to open in summer 2015, is antebellum essay designed with classrooms and presentation areas for technology training, a dual purpose fab lab and language lab, coworking space, and outdoor spots. A dedicated language lab was opened at app essay about dance, the Southeast Branch, and OCLS recently hired an antebellum period essay ESL specialist to support its extensive language-learning programming. Of Happiness? Finally, OCLS turned its teaching and technology focus to a sometimes-overlooked audience: its own staff. Antebellum? An internally developed site called How You Say It helps staff with verbiage they can use when discussing challenging or misunderstood policies and procedures and common app essay about, has proved a valuable coaching resource. Says judge Gale Bacon, “OCLS understands the priority for staff communication and development. The staff-directed learning portal as well as staff intranet page is a model to American libraries.” This article was published in Library Journal 's June 15, 2015 issue. Subscribe today and period essay, save up to 35% off the regular subscription rate.
John N. Berry III (email@example.com) is Editor-at-Large, LJ . Berry joined the magazine in 1964 as Assistant Editor, becoming editor-in-Chief in 1969 and of a problem and solution essay, serving in that role until 2006. I am a 68 year old grandmother who has been a resident of antebellum Ferguson for over 30 years. The Ferguson library is located right down the street from me. Thanks to Mr. Pursuit Of Happiness Essay? Scott Bonner our little library has grown from a tiny old, out-of-date mostly empty library to a beautiful, up-to date library that welcomes everyone in antebellum period essay, our community. #8230;#8230;..it#8217;s now a place for children to read learn#8230;#8230;the books, the computers, the tutoring, the about classes, open meeting rooms for people, small businesses groups#8230;.. It#8217;s now a central gathering place for children adults a real jewel in our community. Thanks for the well deserved positive recognition of our community library. And he did this organically, thoughtfully, and in stages none of period this #8220;disruptive change#8221; that helps no one except the resume of the person doing it. The healing power of libraries.
Wonderful story! I was in library school with Scott Bonner. I don#8217;t think any of us could have imagined the challenges he would face or the leadership role he would take on when we were in school. Great job to Scott and the rest of the of happiness library staff in antebellum, helping the community during that trying time! I also was in persuasive essay long school, library school with Scott. It was so wonderful to see the incredible impact one small library could have on its community, and the inspiration it could provide across the country. Antebellum Period Essay? Bravo, Scott, and the entire FMPL team! I#8217;m so happy that Ferguson recieved this well deserved honor and recognition! I so admire all of the residents of Ferguson who gave of themselves to insure there was food and a safe place for the kids in the community. This library is the heart and soul of Ferguson!
I#8217;m delighted to discover that this Library did the things that I believe Libraries ought to do #8212; and even more delighted to pursuit, read that it#8217;s gotten public recognition and even financial support. Not that most other Public Libraries in antebellum period essay, the U.S. don#8217;t also deserve such support. I am so proud of the Ferguson public library. I grew up in Ferguson and this was my first library. I have many fond memories of weekly visits, bringing home stacks of books, and relaxing in on strategic management, the carpeted bathtub in the children#8217;s section.
So glad that it#8217;s still there! I grew up and became a book designer and antebellum essay, the seeds for my love of books were planted right there in chain management case of toyota, that bathtub. Much love and respect to essay, you Ferguson library : )
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ETL Testing / Data Warehouse Testing – Tips, Techniques, Process and Challenges. Posted In | Database Testing | Last Updated: June 22, 2017 ETL Testing Process and Challenges: Today let me take a moment and explain my testing fraternity about one of the essay, much in demand and persuasive year long school upcoming skills for my tester friends i.e. ETL testing (Extract, Transform, and Load). This article will present you with a complete idea about ETL testing and what we do to test ETL process. It has been observed that Independent Verification and Validation is gaining huge market potential and many companies are now seeing this as prospective business gain. Period! Customers have been offered a different range of essay on role of youth in developing india, products in terms of service offerings, distributed in many areas based on technology, process, and solutions.
ETL or data warehouse is one of the period, offerings which are developing rapidly and successfully. Through ETL process, data is fetched from the source systems, transformed as per business rules and common app essay about dance finally loaded to the target system (data warehouse). A data warehouse is an enterprise-wide store which contains integrated data that aids in business decision-making process. Antebellum Period! It is a part of business intelligence. What You Will Learn: Why do organizations need Data Warehouse? Organizations with organized IT practices are looking forward to creating the next level of technology transformation. Case Study! They are now trying to make themselves much more operational with easy-to-interoperate data. Having said that data is most important part of any organization, it may be everyday data or historical data.
Data is the period essay, backbone of any report and reports are the baseline on which all the essay school, vital management decisions are taken. Most of the companies are taking a step forward for constructing their data warehouse to store and monitor real-time data as well as historical data. Crafting an efficient data warehouse is not an easy job. Many organizations have distributed departments with different applications running on distributed technology. ETL tool is employed in essay order to make a flawless integration between different data sources from of a problem essay different departments. ETL tool will work as an integrator, extracting data from different sources; transforming it into the preferred format based on the business transformation rules and loading it in cohesive DB known are Data Warehouse. Well planned, well defined and period essay effective testing scope guarantees smooth conversion of the project to the production.
A business gains the of a problem essay, real buoyancy once the ETL processes are verified and period essay validated by an independent group of of happiness essay, experts to make sure that data warehouse is concrete and robust. ETL or Data warehouse testing is antebellum period categorized into four different engagements irrespective of technology or ETL tools used: New Data Warehouse Testing – New DW is built and common app essay about dance verified from scratch. Data input is taken from antebellum customer requirements and different data sources and new data warehouse is app essay about dance build and verified with the period, help of in developing india, ETL tools. Period Essay! Migration Testing – In this type of project customer will have an existing DW and ETL performing the job but they are looking to bag new tool in order to of youth in developing, improve efficiency. Change Request – In this type of project new data is added from period different sources to an existing DW. Also, there might be a condition where customer needs to change their existing business rule or they might integrate the new rule. Report Testing – Report are the end result of any Data Warehouse and the basic propose for which DW is pursuit essay build. Report must be tested by validating layout, data in antebellum period essay the report and calculation.
The below diagram explains very well the ETL testing and how is it related with the ETL process: (Note: Click on the image for enlarged view) 1) Data transformation Testing : Verify that data is transformed correctly according to of youth, various business requirements and rules. 2) Source to essay, Target count Testing : Make sure that the count of records loaded in essay on role of youth india target is matching with the expected count. 3) Source to Target Data Testing : Make sure that all projected data is loaded into the data warehouse without any data loss and truncation. 4) Data Quality Testing : Make sure that ETL application appropriately rejects, replaces with default values and reports invalid data. 5) Performance Testing : Make sure that data is period loaded in data warehouse within prescribed and expected time frames to confirm improved performance and scalability.
6) Production Validation Testing: Validate the essay year school, data in production system compare it against the source data. 7) Data Integration Testing : Make sure that the data from various sources has been loaded properly to the target system and all the threshold values are checked. 8) Application Migration Testing : In this testing, it is ensured that the ETL application is working fine on moving to a new box or platform. 9) Data constraint Check : The datatype, length, index, constraints, etc. are tested in this case. 10) Duplicate Data Check : Test if there is any duplicate data present in the target systems. Duplicate data can lead to antebellum, wrong analytical reports. Apart from the above ETL testing methods other testing methods like system integration testing, user acceptance testing, incremental testing, regression testing, retesting and navigation testing is also carried out to common app essay about, make sure everything is antebellum period essay smooth and reliable. Similar to essay, any other testing that lies under Independent Verification and antebellum period essay Validation, ETL also go through the same phase.
Requirement understanding Validating Test Estimation based on essay in developing india number of tables, complexity of antebellum, rules, data volume and performance of job. Test planning based on the inputs from test estimation and business requirement. We need to identify here that what is in common app essay scope and what is antebellum period essay out of scope. We also look out for structure and solution essay dependencies, risks and mitigation plans in this phase. Designing test cases and test scenarios from all the antebellum period, available inputs.
We also need to design mapping document and SQL scripts. Once all the test cases are ready and are approved, testing team proceed to chain management case, perform pre-execution check and test data preparation for testing Lastly execution is performed till exit criteria are met. So, execution phase includes running ETL jobs, monitoring job run, SQL script execution, defect logging, defect retesting and antebellum period regression testing. Supply Chain Case Study Of Toyota! Upon successful completion summary report is prepared and closure process is done. In this phase, sign off is given to promote the job or code to the next phase. The first two phases i.e. Period Essay! requirement understanding and validation can be regarded as pre steps of ETL testing process. Of Toyota! So, the main process can be represented as below: It is necessary to define test strategy which should be mutually accepted by stakeholders before starting actual testing. A well-defined test strategy will make sure that correct approach has been followed meeting the testing aspiration. ETL testing might require writing SQL statements extensively by testing team or may be tailoring the SQL provided by development team. In any case testing team must be aware of the results they are trying to get using those SQL statements.
Difference between Database and Data Warehouse Testing. There is a popular misunderstanding that database testing and data warehouse is similar while the fact is that both hold different direction in testing. Database testing is done using smaller scale of essay, data normally with OLTP (Online transaction processing) type of databases while data warehouse testing is common app essay done with large volume with data involving OLAP (online analytical processing) databases. In database testing normally data is antebellum consistently injected from uniform sources while in essay data warehouse testing most of the data comes from different kind of data sources which are sequentially inconsistent. We generally perform only CRUD (Create, read, update and delete) operation in database testing while in data warehouse testing we use read-only (Select) operation. Normalized databases are used in DB testing while demoralized DB is used in data warehouse testing. There are number of universal verifications that have to be carried out for any kind of antebellum, data warehouse testing. Below is the list of objects that are treated as essential for validation in ETL testing: – Verify that data transformation from source to destination works as expected. – Verify that expected data is essay school added in target system. – Verify that all DB fields and field data is loaded without any truncation. – Verify data checksum for antebellum period essay record count match.
– Verify that for essay of youth in developing rejected data proper error logs are generated with all details. – Verify NULL value fields. – Verify that duplicate data is not loaded. – Verify data integrity. We have included a link to an article in the Further Reading section that will help you to understand the difference between ETL/Data warehouse testing database testing very clearly. The article is named as “ ETL vs. Antebellum Period! DB Testing – A Closer Look at common dance ETL Testing Need, Planning and ETL Tools” ETL testing is quite different from period conventional testing. There are many challenges we faced while performing data warehouse testing.
Here is the app essay about dance, list of few ETL testing challenges I experienced on my project: – Incompatible and duplicate data. – Loss of data during ETL process. – Unavailability of inclusive test bed. – Testers have no privileges to execute ETL jobs by their own. – Volume and complexity of data is very huge. – Fault in business process and antebellum period essay procedures. – Trouble acquiring and essay year long building test data. – Unstable testing environment. – Missing business flow information.
Data is period important for businesses to make the critical business decisions. ETL testing plays a significant role validating and ensuring that the business information is exact, consistent and structure and solution essay reliable. Also, it minimizes hazard of period, data loss in production. Hope these tips will help ensure your ETL process is accurate and the data warehouse build by term management, this is a competitive advantage for essay your business. This is a guest post by Vishal Chhaperia who is working in an MNC on term management a test management role. Antebellum Period Essay! He is having extensive experience in year school managing multi-technology QA projects, Processes and teams. Have you worked on antebellum period essay ETL testing? Please share your ETL/DW testing tips and challenges below. In simple words it is collection of data from different departments of a company or from different technologies to one warehouse. Extract from source, transform in a suitable format and then load into destination data warehouse.
thanks for sharing this resource.. How to essay, get into antebellum period this profile? As no matter what exp or knowledge one has it requires exp of ETL testing. Hai frnds, I am new to testing.Did any one know best coaching center for learning ETL testing in chennai.PLZ reply me asap. Very informative post on persuasive school ETL testing. Antebellum Period Essay! Specially the section which talks about the difference in DB Testing and DW Testing. Thanks. Hi Bishal its very useful info shared by you, I was looking for some docs related to ETL testing got them here. Chain Case! I just checked by Anindita di in Lotus notes the link that u shared and goin thru same, would like to learn more about ETL testing. Its a very good information shared by you . Thanks for antebellum period sharing this . Please let me know any coaching center in bangalore. I have around 6 months of exp in ETL testing .I want to chain management case, learn more in this area.
I think to Start with ETL Testing One Need a Very Hands On SQL concepts specially Conversion Funcions as like when you want to change date in different format or Numeric to string etc. @Kishore: There is no prerequisite as such, may not be one need to have knowledge of period essay, any ETL tool still fair understanding of SQL concepts are much desirable. @Aarthi Bhavya: I believe there is no institute which provides training on structure problem and solution essay ETL testing, still you can check with institutes those are proving training in ETL tools. @Chaitu: Yes absolutely, one need to be very conversant in SQL as to map the SQL vs actual business transformation rule that applies. Clear Understanding of antebellum period essay, Conversion Functions are also much required. Thanks for sharing such a useful information.. i am very confused about the difference between the database testing and data warehouse testing..now it is persuasive long clear..Thanks..
Coming to challenges the major thing is to create a test data for period essay the scenarios which we found in planning phase ……. Thanks for sharing the more info of DWH TESTING. and could please share the oracle queries in general asked , anyway thanks for sharing the info.. can someone explain any example , Backend Testing using SQL queries?? S this is a good study on a warehouse testing. I feel it parallel o my approach on testing a warehouse. I have a good understood with this information. This is lakshmi, Please tell me about execution of persuasive, ETL Testing.
There is an institute in essay HYD for ETL testing: this is really informative and appreciate Vijay’s crisp explanation about ETL testing and really liked the way he gave the difference between Database testing Data Warehouse testing. sorry to provide wrong name of author as Vijay whereas it should be VISHAL in about dance my earlier post. The problems generally found in period ETL testing comprising the graphics transformations is the unavailability of tools or language(symbol) gap. The article however gives a detail of ETL testing. @ Pavan Kumar: Test Data Management has always been a challenge and when its comes to DW application it is reasonably more challenging. Structure Of A And Solution! Its very tough to get correct, clean and secure data considering the fact that data is antebellum period coming from multiple sources. On contrary there are many good Test Data Management tools which are potentially capable to of happiness, overcome these problems. @Purna: Talking about SQL that are asked in any QA interview are mostly from Joins, Referential Integrity concepts, some basic SQL like sorting, grouping and query related to where clause. @JD: Could you please make your question more precise?
Backend testing is done using SQL testing and we test many things such as SQL injection, Data Correctness etc. Data warehouse — information delivery system of an organization. Testing of period, data warehouse the process of chain study of toyota, making sure data acceptance of end business users(Report generators) Please reach me on my email if you want to learn ETL testing. Hi , I am working in antebellum period essay ETL project since 4 years and having overall 9 years experience. Currently working in chain case one of period, Top MNC in India and essay presently working from client place(London) since 2.5 years in banking project. If you have any questions on ETL or any banking domain then you can reach me at firstname.lastname@example.org.
Can You Please explain landing area, staging area and workflows. I provide online trainings. I cover Database Testing and ETL Testing. To get good amount of knowledge in period essay both Database Testing and ETL Testing, one should have sufficient knowledge in SQL Queries. Please do contact me for more information. Hi.. very informative and clear. I am working on ETL testing and i do provide training on persuasive year school ETL testing.. Antebellum! please reach me on email@example.com if anyone interested.Thanks.
I am currently in manual testing.I want to learn informatica and move to datawarehouse testing. how feasible is it. Will I have any opportunity to move. As you are currently working in Manual testing, its very easy for u to learn ETL testing and structure problem essay it would be easy for u to antebellum period, work on ETL testing projects. but going to informatica development may not be a good idea. this is just my opinion. Hi. I have 12 months of chain of toyota, experince in manual testing.I know the essay, basics of JAVA and SQL. Now i got opprtunity in 1.ETL Testing and 2.Automation testing ( SELENIUM ).
Please advice which one to choose for better career growth. what is the persuasive essay year long, difference between factless fact table and essay non-additive fact? Very good information and detailed diff between DB and DW testing. Chain Study! Appriciate your efforts in doing this one and antebellum period Thanks a lot for sharing such a nice post. Can anyone please tell me which is best institute for ETL testing.
I’m new to this tool. Very informative article. i wanna to know the list of data warehouse products (like db2, ibm data stage2…) if u know the latest products for this means pls rply…. i have been offered a part time trainer position in a company for DWH testing.. what is the pay they generally offer per session? Can anyone pls help me with the list of ETL Automation testing tools used in your projects. open source or commercial both will be fine. Thanks. I am looking for a part time software testing job in bangaore or full time testing in chennai with 2 years of experence. Do let me know ,if you have the same.
Mobile no: +91-9480321532. I have 3 year of Experience in Java and Oracle and i want to work in ETL tools. Can anyone help me to on role india, know its future prospects and salary.and where i get the good knowledge of essay, ETL tools. Very nice article, and very informative too..Thanks. Plenty of ETL testing jobs are available in almost all Fortune 100 companies. I am working in ETL Testing. Please do not always go for tools like Informatica, Web Intelligence 11 etc. First and common foremost thing that comes into action is antebellum essay “Writing the queries”. In case to know more please do contact : ITs very good one thanks fopr ur post… :) Thanks for information. keep on sharing.
Thank you for sharing your knowledge. You have helped me understanding ETL testing. A very good article. Also check out on Youtube the supply management case study, video “What is a data warehouse and how do I test it?” This article is nice one . Antebellum Period! I just want to essay on role in developing, know is it in antebellum scope of testing if different short of data loading method testing . as my project experience delta data loading and bulk data loading these two have generate two separate scenarios and corresponding issues mainly data loss and duplicate data and management study of toyota null value . Does ETL testing has any proper path to solve this case ? Thank you for sharing your knowledge. You have helped me understanding ETL testing. I have written a book on the subject of data warehouse testing… available at Amazon and others as well as an ebook. Let me me know of any questions.
I’m Working in a software company in period essay Chandigarh as a DotNet Developer. Essay On Role Of Youth In Developing! Someone suggested me to change the profession and antebellum period essay go for ETL or WareHousing. As i don’t know anything about ETL and WH also. And i found lots of common app essay about, people here who having knowledge about both terms.So anyone can please guide me. Thank you Vishal, really its very useful information. At present I am as a manual test engineer in one of the MNC, Bangalore. I want to change my domain from manual to ETL testing, so can anyone suggest me that what are the essay, basic skills required to switch from manual to ETL.
Also are there any centres or institutes that provide training on ETL. Structure! Incase there are no such centres how to prepare myself. Please suggest me. Thanks in advance. Anyone please suggest on my above post. I am providing this training which will help the students who doesn’t have any software experience. We will take scenarios and execute them and guide them when they get into job. I have experience of 12+ years in the industry. I worked as a Test manager, Business Analyst, project manager.
I Worked with the companies like ITC Infotech, Honeywell, Accenture, TCS. I provide corporate training also. After this training the student will scale up to 3+ years experience level. Manual Testing.(Web Applications Architecture) Why ETL Testing.(Datawarehouse Architecture) Difference between manual/automation and ETL Testing/BI testing.
SQL required for ETL Testing – Easy and only required SQL s for interviews. ETL test case documentation. ETL Test Life Cycle. Realtime Scenarios of Interaction between Business Analyst, Developers and Testers. Test Planning(Useful for people trying for lead Level) Discussion of antebellum period essay, Interview Questions. How to Accept and handle the work after joining the company. IBM openings for ETL Testing QTP.
If anyone willing to join kindly send me ur resume on. Desired Skills Experience. Total Relevant 3 to 4 Years of Experience for ETL Testing QTP ( NO Contractual Employee ) 16 Years Education Mandatory ( BE, B.Tech, or 16 Year Education ) Interview Joining Location for ETL TESTING — Bangalore. Interview Joining Location for year long QTP — Chennai. Interview Date : 8 Dec 2012. Hi if any want to learn ETL testing in pune please contact on my mobile +91-8888095648,+91-9036238979.
Hi if any one want to learn ETL testing in pune please contact on my mobile +91-8888095648,+91-9036238979. If anybody interested in learning Dataware house Testing with Real time data please contact me @ 9886137833 – Bangalore. Hi all please the above all comments seems like blaming unemployed people. i am not understanding why people coming to essay, etl testing side. you should go development side. I had seen that many persons wanted to learn ETL Testing. I am not aware about the institute but i can teach each and papers management everything about ETL testing or you can mail me your questions if you stuck somewhere, i will reply to all the answers. This will help me also to gain knowledge. Antebellum Essay! I am having 6 years exp in essay on role in developing india this technologies and antebellum essay working for No. 1 product based (database) organization. @Siraj:- Thanks for giving some assurance for me to master ETL Testingconcepts.If you don’t mind can I know your email id inorder to pursuit of happiness essay, contact you?My email id is antebellum period firstname.lastname@example.org. this is really useful material..to learn ETL testing.
Very helpful and accurate information. Thanks for sharing. Hi if any body wanted to learn Practical ETL testing online please contact on my mobile +60-107767499 (Malaysia) . I have experience of 8+ years in the industry and worked in various domains as ETL test lead. Hi i would like to management case study of toyota, say my self maniteja working as a Etl and Bi testing in essay wipro pune. if any body want to learn Etl and Bi testing contact me. classes available only structure of a and solution essay, weekends(pune) and Online. Could you plz support me to find ETL testing tool to period essay, :- – Verify that expected data is added in target system. – Verify that all DB fields and field data is loaded without any truncation.
– Verify data checksum for record count match. – Verify that for rejected data proper error logs are generated with all details. – Verify NULL value fields. – Verify that duplicate data is management study of toyota not loaded. – Verify data integrity. Hi,only by knowing etl testing doesn’t make sense because you need to know atleast one etl tool to antebellum period, understand and to work on etl testing.So make sure to learn etl tool as well.If any body wants to structure problem and solution, learn etl testing with etl tool through ONLINE we are giving ETL testing training and we give support untill you got the job.
Base on period essay batch schdules we are giving etl testing and etl tool traing on daily basis as well as weekend batches. We have successfull track record.call @ +91-8237320101. Hi, can anyone pls tell me which is the best to chose as a career in on of these, ETL , Performance, Data Base or Mobile testing. Supply Chain Case Study! I feel performance testing is the best because it has lot onsite opportunity, well paid and less resources in market. I would like to here from some experienced teters. Pls help me to choose the right career for my life, ur comments n replies are very impt to me, pls guide me properly…. Antebellum Essay! thanks….. @ etl testing trainer : I am interested to learn. Can you let me know in pursuit of happiness which location r u based in?
I am taking training on ETL tool..DW Testing..I ll post the doughts and clarifications .. I Provide Online Training on essay ETL Testing. I am working in a MNC in Hyderabad. what is Testing ? what is the need for Testing? Software development life cycle. software Testing life cycle.
Types of Testing. Data Ware Housing Concepts: • What is Data Ware House? • Difference between OLTP and Data Ware Housing. • Dependent Data Mart. • Independent Data Mart. Data ware housing Approaches. Top Down Approach. bottom up Approach. Data Base Design. • Snow Flake Schema.
SCD(slowly changing dimension) Basic Concepts in SQL. • SQL Concepts(A-Z) – execute the pl/sql procedures,functions…. • Overview of pursuit essay, ETL Tool Architecture. • Testing Functionality on Different Transformation Rules. Data Ware House Life Cycle. Different Types of Testing Techniques in ETL. ETL Testing Introduction.
• What is use of testing. • What is quality standards. • Responsibilities of a ETL Tester. Understanding various documents such as Business Requirement Document, Design Documents,Mapping sheets. • ETL Testing Work Flow Process. • How to period, Prepare the ETL Test Plan. • How to design the Test cases in common ETL Testing. • How to reporting the Bugs in ETL Testing ? • ETL Testing Responsibilities in DataStage, Informatica, Abinitio etc; • How to detect the bugs through database queries. • ETL Performing Testing Performing Tuning. etl testing life cycle.
day to day process. eKnowledge Infotech, a Leading providers of ETL Testing Training in Pune, Qlikview Training Institute in Bangalore. People can have benefit of essay, this. Good to read as a beginer. Good Artcile for testers who want to advance their levels in papers on strategic ETL. My questions is: The differences between manual and automated testing, inkl. some examples. Is there practical example of test strategies?.
If you are using source and target SQL to do your manual testing then you are more then likely using the minus function to aggregate the results. Essay! If this is the case then there is a new tool on the market to automate the testing process for you. Google ‘QuerySurge’ ok this is a great info thanks or sharing but i need a guide on how to get a job by learning this and essay of youth india the step by step procedure thank u :) Hi all,am in production support from 3 years and I am desparate for a move..Know the concepts of antebellum essay, manual testing and of a problem essay sql queries…will I be able to get into ETL testing,can anyone guide me. Anyone know, who can teach ETL class in Vadodara(Gujarat). which is the antebellum essay, best institute for supply chain of toyota trainig etl testing.
Let me know any ETL/DW testing opening in Singapore/Malaysia. Please reach me @ +91-9840219089 (india-mobile). I got very good information about antebellum essay, ETL Testing, Difference between DB DW Testing and Challenges…its great. Any good training institutes for learning etl testing in persuasive essay year school Bangalore. If any body is looking for group preparation or search then contact me. Which ETL tool is good for testers- Informatica Testing or Cognos tool testing.. I am working as a manual tester in a MNC.
Which one is better among QTP and ETL testing. Career wise and job security wis. Thanks in advance. Can any one advise me ETL is best or Selenium is best. Which tool have more openings in Market.
Plz advise me ASAP……. Reply for antebellum period #91 Chandu. I suggest you to learn QTP as automation. Know SQL to of happiness, work in ETL Tool. Thanks a lot for the information. I came to period, know a lot. I have been working in ETL Tool without knowing the differences between Database testing and DataWarehouse testing. Thanks a lot for the info that you had given very useful info for the ETL testers.
Any good training institutes to learn ETL Testing in supply management case of toyota hyderabad.pls help. Hi iam working as manual tester in chennai , now i am intersted in learning the ETL testing. please help me how to go ahead with ETL testing. Now i am in chennai , trainer in antebellum period essay chennai please contact to my mobile number. Hi, This is supply management case of toyota a very nice and Informative post. Currently I am working as a manual tester and testing a BI application. I am pretty much interested to learn DWH testing. Please lemme know if anyone is antebellum period essay willing to teach this in Pune (Near Wakad). Hi, THis is Shiva. how to autoamte datawarehouse testing and etl testing…?
pleasse suggest notes ASAP. If anybody wants online training /offline training / corporate training on supply study ETL testing,Informatica,Sql with realtime project and antebellum period essay job assistance in of a problem essay bangalore,pune and antebellum essay hyderabad pls contact @ 8237320101. Pls note: daily batches in management pune weekend batches in hyderabad/ bangalore or one to one online class daily. I have 6 + Experience in antebellum period essay BI technologies like informatica,ETL testing also trained 40+ students and completed 10+ batches offline successfully. 90% students already placed in structure and solution top mnc’s. Pls note: Daily batches in period pune weekend batces in pursuit essay hyderabad and essay bangalore or one to one online class daily. This is venkat .can anyone help me for etl testing qestions and answers or else send me at VENKATADDAGATLA.SP@GMAIL.COM. If anybody learn ETL testing ,Database Testing,BI Testing in Pune. pls contact +91-9885320101. Nice Article.Thanks, Now i got basic idea abt DWH.But i want to knw some ratcial tips also, as in interview, they are asking for persuasive year long school hands on antebellum period experience.
Also in SQL what all i need to pursuit, learn.Please guide. hi friends this is antebellum period essay rajesh i have knowledge on of a problem and solution java and 3 frame works past 8 months i am searching job in banglore. . Period Essay! Someone suggested me to change the profession and go for ETL or WareHousing. As i don’t know anything about ETL and WH also. compare to java and etl testing which is the best in persuasive school future salary and secure.please suggested me. I do have an excellent opening for Database Test Lead. Database Testing Test Analyst with minimum 4 year(s) experience at Gurgaon location. Location- Gurgaon , Telephonic Interviews on this saturday i.e 8th June 2013. Experience required 2 to 5 years Domain: Investment Baking (Preferred) Essential Experience: (Must have skills) • 2 to 5 years of experience in a Software organization on testing (Web technologies, Client/ Server, Database). Some experience in development may also be considered. • Expertise in database testing and should be well versed with complex SQL queries. • Good experience of manual/database testing throughout the antebellum essay, testing life cycle. • Understand the structure problem essay, application and write test scripts/conditions using a tool (e.g.
Test Director) and period its review. • Experience to carry out app essay, Test execution, logging of defects, preparation of daily test logs, updating Requirements Traceability Matrix. • Should be well versed with UNIX commands and knowledge in shell scripting is essay preferred. • Experience of using tools such as Test Director for test planning and defect management. • Experience in adapting to testing processes and provide inputs for test process improvements. • Experience in the financial services industry would be an added advantage. Papers Management! Desirable : • Experience in the financial services industry would be an added advantage. Period! • Domain Knowledge in investment banking preferred.(Bonds Equities, Credit, Collaterals , Exotics) etc • Certifications like ISTQB will be an added advantage. Any good training centers for app essay about dance etl testing in antebellum hyderabad or bangalore . pls let me know. I Provide Online Training on ETL Testing. I am working in on role india a MNC in Hyderabad. what is Testing ? what is the antebellum, need for common Testing? Software development life cycle. software Testing life cycle. Types of Testing. Data Ware Housing Concepts: • What is Data Ware House?
• Difference between OLTP and Data Ware Housing. • Dependent Data Mart. • Independent Data Mart. Data ware housing Approaches. Top Down Approach. bottom up Approach. Data Base Design. • Snow Flake Schema.
SCD(slowly changing dimension) Basic Concepts in SQL. • SQL Concepts(A-Z) – execute the pl/sql procedures,functions…. • Overview of ETL Tool Architecture. • Testing Functionality on Different Transformation Rules. Data Ware House Life Cycle. Different Types of Testing Techniques in ETL. ETL Testing Introduction. • What is use of testing. • What is antebellum period quality standards.
• Responsibilities of a ETL Tester. Understanding various documents such as Business Requirement Document, Design Documents,Mapping sheets. • ETL Testing Work Flow Process. • How to Prepare the ETL Test Plan. • How to design the Test cases in problem ETL Testing. • How to antebellum, reporting the Bugs in ETL Testing ? • ETL Testing Responsibilities in DataStage, Informatica, Abinitio etc; • How to detect the common app essay about, bugs through database queries.
• ETL Performing Testing Performing Tuning. etl testing life cycle. day to day process. Want to join in this network.. ETL is not a tool its a process to test DWH domain. As it explains as Extract, Transform and Load. Extract data from period multiple sources like system at year various OS, flat files etc.. apply business logic to such extracted data to transform and than load those transformed data into essay the system for generating reports and common analyzing. Whereas, Selenium is period a functional automation tool.
Drop me a mail if you have any queries : SANDEEPREDDY.MANEM@GMAIL.COM. call me on +91-8237320101. If any one is interested to ETL testingin PUNE please contact me on the above mentioned number. I am looking for ETL Testing Training in Hyderabad. I am looking for ETL Testing Training in Hyderabad.
Please let me know the good institutes in hyd….. I heard most of the people looking in to ETL These days..People dont know where they need to grasp knowlege.It is the essay, platform to those who really want to learn What going on in ETL.. I heard most of the people looking in to papers on strategic, ETL These days..People dont know where they need to antebellum essay, grasp knowlege.It is the term papers, platform to those who really want to learn What going on in ETL..furthur details:email@example.com. hay give me the etl projects interview queations with answers. Hello, i want to learn ETL testing.
IF any one knows best institute in Bangalore, please let me know. Contact through mail if want to know best training providers in antebellum Chennai for of happiness essay ETL Testing. hai pls give me the etl projects interview questions with answers. can you plz send me the interview questions and answers for etltesting and database(Teradata) Any suggestions on free data validation tools? Data in antebellum essay my case is being dumped from source db to a flat file from which it is loaded to the interim db.
From here data is transformed to pursuit of happiness, a xml file readable by period, the destination system which loads it back in to supply chain case study, the db. I want more detailed about etl testing i.e how the process with be going on banking domain using cognos tool. i want best institute for etl testing in bangalore. Can anyone give solution to the problem as soon as possible. 2) Analyze the below business scenario and antebellum period essay design an ETL process from source systems all the way to STAR schema.
a. Business users maintain/insert customer master records in source_system1, customer data will them get propogated onto school, source_system2, source_system3 and source_system4. b. Essay! Vendor/supplier data is maintained/inserted in of happiness source_system2 and this information is then propogated onto source_system1, source_system3 and source_system4. c. Promotion details is antebellum period maintained on source_system2. d. Material details is maintained on source_system3 and of youth in developing india it is period essay then propogated onto system_system1, source_system2 and source_system4. e. Sales information is captured on Source system4.
I am looking for a training institute to learn ETL testing with some ETL tool in Chennai. Could you any one suggest me any good institute here. I have 2 years exp. in testing and also have good knowledge of of happiness essay, SQL. my email id is: firstname.lastname@example.org and antebellum essay contact no is: 8015495931. please reply ASAP. Iam looking for a ETL testing freshers job any one plz inform to my mail:email@example.com. any one can send the ETL testing material and real time etl process we are doind and supply management of toyota how to check the data by using queris. plz send the etl material how to validate data using queris.
I am currently working as a manual tester having 3+ years of experience. I want to learn ETL testing with ETL tool. So I am looking for antebellum period essay a training institute to learn ETL testing with ETL tool. Could anyone please suggest me any good training institute in chennai? Contact Number – 9994179578.
I have an experience of ELT tetsing for past 2.5 yrears. Well skilled in in developing Informatica, Oracle and OBIEE testing. Please contact me incase of any help needed @ your work. I need to Learn ETL/DWH Testing and Informatica Tool, kindly suggest me any Best Training Centre in Chennai.. ? am expecting Full Time Class Room Training n assistance till the Placement. I am interested to learn ETL and make my carrier in the same. Want to know any institute situated in NCR (Delhi, Noida)…Please let me know. I am interested to antebellum, learn ETL and make my carrier in the same. Want to know any institute situated in NCR (Delhi, Noida)…Please let me know. Its really usefull.I am working as manual tester in Health care domain .I want o know where i can get hands of persuasive, information in SQL comands . Hi This is Teja working as a Testing Team Lead in top most mnc company in antebellum period essay pune, I have 5 + Experience in ETL and BI(Reports) Testing if any one interested to learn course please contact me. daily and weekends batches available in pune Technologies: Oracle,Unix,Informatica,Testing Concepts and term papers on strategic management dwh Concepts.
Course duration: 45 days. Fee: 6000 (Phone: 8149173089 ) daily mock interviews with real time scenarios…only limited students in each batch.. Hi friends, pls help me i am 2013 passout students now i am looking job in antebellum essay software testing in ETL side.pls help me. i don’t know anything in supply management case study ETL testing, anybody having study material pls send the material to in this mail id firstname.lastname@example.org. I am from chennai if you know any good course center in antebellum period essay near to DLF IT park please let me know to this mail id email@example.com. I have been working in DWH project since last one year.
I am working as a QA in the project. ETL testing is quite challenging but good job to do. we run various jobs and make sure that data is getting loaded to our DWH properly and if not we investigate the cause. in simple words i love being an of a, ETL tester. Can you send information about. “Role of ETL in Banking domain” If anybody wants to go through ETL testing , unix and period sql interview questions then follow the of happiness essay, below link : I have been working in DWH project for 6 years. Antebellum Period! I have gone through so many interviews and persuasive school taken also.. If anybody wants to go through ETL testing , unix and sql interview questions then follow the below link : Hope you will like the posts.
I am working in a mnc as a etl tester. Having a good knowledge of etl testing,SQL writing, report testing and test data creation(most critical task) in data warehouse project. For any help you can reach me out at firstname.lastname@example.org. Hii frnds..I m susmita..I am a mechanical engineer. .I m doing job in my field..but now I m interest to switch my field..I want to learn this etl testing course. .plz help me..is my decision is current. Can it be possible.
Could anyone please reply with best answer? Given a source table of 500K rows, Informatica ETL in the middle (treat as a black box) and a resulting row count at the target of only 495K, please share how you would identify the rows which were not migrated at all. Allowed toolsets include HP ALM (formerly Quality Center, Microsoft Office Access/Excel, Quest TOAD for Data Analysts, NotePad, SQL Plus). I want to period, learn about ETL and Data Migration Testing. Can anybody please help me ? I am looking for online classes or Regular Batches in Chandigarh. I am looking to find a job in of a problem ETL testing.
Please anyone send me ETL Testing Interview questions.My email id is email@example.com. If any one please send me a ETL testing interview questions. Thanks in advance. Can any one please send me a ETL testing interview questions. @BOB we can use SQl Minus set operator to find out the missing rows. hi, i am MBA Graduate and i want to essay, learn ETL testing can i know which is the of a, best training center in ameerpet and 100% placement institution. Very nice article. Thanks for antebellum period essay posting.
Hi all, I Want to problem and solution, learn ETL testing , Can you please suggest me the best institutes in period essay hyderabad. Hi all, I Want to persuasive essay year school, learn ETL testing , Can you please suggest me the best institutes in hyderabad. Please mail me firstname.lastname@example.org. The above post regarding ETL testing is really good that helps me to enhance my theory knowledge. Can anyone share some useful documents that I can use to improve my practical knowledge.
I have 9 years of experience in Manual testing . Period Essay! I would like to know which tool is better to learn now ETL/Data Warehouse testing tool or Selenium Webdriver. App Essay Dance! Which field (Automation /Data Warehouse Testing) has demand in market and antebellum period job security. Very informative in papers on strategic management simple working…thanks Vishal Chhaperia for the post. Very informative in simple wordings…thanks Vishal Chhaperia for the post. Hi can anyone send me materials of antebellum, etl testing basics. Hi can anyone send me materials of etl testing basics my mail id is email@example.com.
Very good column. You have written a statement in Difference between Database testing and DWH testing like this: Normalized databases are used in DB testing while demoralized DB is used in term papers on strategic management data warehouse testing. Here is that demoralized or de-normalized? Currently i am in Manual testing and period interested in ETL testing i have some good knowledge on of youth in developing SQL concept. Period! With SQL concept i can survive ETL testing? I have 8 years of of happiness essay, experience in Manual testing . I would like to know which tool is better to learn now ETL/Data Warehouse testing tool or Selenium Webdriver. Period Essay! Which field (Automation /Data Warehouse Testing) has demand in market and pursuit of happiness essay job security. I have one year exp in automation testing and 7 months of period essay, exp as as a data analyst (back end work) in ms SQL with this knowledge can I switch my career in etl testing n let me know the scope for essay year etl testing.
It’s really provides good idea to the ETL Testers .– Thanks… what are different ETL Testing tools available in the industry? whether etl tools and etl testing tools are same or not. I am sandeep working in an MNC as ETL Test Professional. You can Reach out to me for essay Online classes on ETL Testing . I use to cover ETL,Data warehosue and BI Testing. contact me at firstname.lastname@example.org for Demo Classes. Hi please let me know if any one carried out ETL Testing tranings(not online) in pune. we can have different kinds of dataware housing testing based my consern. 3.Data Reconciliation testing. ETL testing is table level testing . we will have different sorts of on role in developing india, source from BU.i mean they will come up with DB table,excel etc and provide BU logic .we need to check based on businees rule its getting loaded or not and then all the source data is getting loaded into target dataware house or not.we have to antebellum period essay, check the of a, source table matched with target database table .the etl load may be happen based schedule that might be consider incremental load(transation data have been loaded in incremental load ). Report testing would be format level and data level.
dataware house data published or displayed in reporting.we have to check the BU expecting format.and required data shoud be displayed based on refresh(incremental load). Reconciliation testing is nothing but back tracking. I’m beginner to learn ETL , I got the info abot ETL ,its very nice..share more info… Very Informative share. Can anyone share me the ETL Testing Tutorials and related Docs. Hi All, any one suggest me how was the market for ETL testing. I am zaffar i have experience in siebel admin. I want to learn pls suggest me any online training institue. I want to learn ETL testing in Noida location.
Anyone? Is SQL requiered for DWH/ETL testing? SInce i wish to pursue career in antebellum same i would like to know the criteria required for papers DWH/ETL training.. Is anyone working as a Etl tester or informatica Qa tester. In USA please respond me back with ur email id. I need some tips n confidence from you guys.
As I started searching a job. hello Jagadesh, very good day to period, you. I am working in a MNC company as a Manual tester , Chennai location. with 2 years of experience. Iam planning to jump to on role in developing, a new company as a ETL TESTING. please give me your inputs. hello, very good day to you. I am working in a MNC company as a Manual tester , Chennai location. with 2 years of experience.
Iam planning to antebellum period, jump to essay in developing, a new company as a ETL TESTING. please give me your inputs. Is it possible if I work as ETL tester for and then want change my domain to developer. what are different ETL Testing tools available in the industry? whether etl tools like Informatica and etl testing tools are same or not. I am working in MNC in Delhi and I have 5 years Experience in QTP . If anyone is interested in QTP.
Please feel free to contact on the below numbere. I have an 4.2 years of experience in Manual testing.Iam planning to move to antebellum period, ETL testing.Can any body please help me with some tutorials or notes so that i can start asap. An informative one. ETL testing topics coverage and the order created this article is good. It gives a single learning point to start with ETL testing basics which would make a reader to understand easily. I am also starting off creating a similar kind of knowledge, share base especially ETL testing. My goal is, I would like to share across my knowledge whatever I have learnt in DWBI testing. I want to move into pursuit ETL testing. HAving experience of 6.5 years in manual testing. have small experience in period ETL testing but want to explore more. plz help me with institute name. As an ex data warehouse developer, now tester, I agree with much of the advice. But testers should also understand that many data warehouse solutions now use the persuasive essay long, ELT process – extract, load, then transform.
Some developers may still transform before load and then transform again. So it’s important to period, speak with the developers and understand what methods they are using to get the data into the data marts. Do a ETL tester need to be an expert in Informatica/QLIKVIEW or any BI tool or Testing Knowledge with strong SQL/Unix concepts will suffice? This article is very good and essay year understandable as usual but i realized that one thing is missing in it. Normally all articles shared by STH team contains scenario based examples to build better understanding.
These examples are core of STH articles and should not be missed. Farrukh Shahzad Ahmed Islamabad Pakistan. Awful English. Grammatically wrong, poor sentence structure, clumsily worded. It’s like an out of tune piano being played by a drunk. Should we feel sorry for period the “demoralized” DB?
—excerpt from article below—- “Normalized databases are used in DB testing while demoralized DB is used in long data warehouse testing.” We had many issue with ETL testing, primarily because production data do not always cover all business rules in antebellum period essay ETL and manual preparation of test data is quite expensive process. At the end of the day, we had to supply management, developed a GTL QAceGen: Business Logic Driven Data Generator. Description is on informatica market place in case you are interested. Download FREE eBooks, Videos and antebellum Best Software Testing Articles..
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Chapter 1. Period Essay. How to Write a Research Paper. What is a research paper? A research paper is a piece of academic writing based on supply case study of toyota its author’s original research on a particular topic, and the analysis and interpretation of the research findings. It can be either a term paper, a master’s thesis or a doctoral dissertation. This Chapter outlines the logical steps to writing a good research paper. To achieve supreme excellence or perfection in anything you do, you need more than just the period essay, knowledge.
Like the Olympic athlete aiming for the gold medal, you must have a positive attitude and the belief that you have the ability to achieve it. That is the real start to writing an A+ research paper. STEP 1. HOW TO START A RESEARCH PAPER? CHOOSE A TOPIC. Choose a topic which interests and management case study of toyota challenges you. Your attitude towards the topic may well determine the antebellum period essay, amount of effort and enthusiasm you put into your research. Focus on a limited aspect, e.g. narrow it down from “Religion” to and solution essay “World Religion” to “Buddhism”. Obtain teacher approval for your topic before embarking on antebellum a full-scale research. If you are uncertain as to of happiness essay what is antebellum expected of you in completing the assignment or project, re-read your assignment sheet carefully or ASK your teacher. Select a subject you can manage. Avoid subjects that are too technical, learned, or specialized.
Avoid topics that have only a very narrow range of source materials. For general or background information, check out useful URLs, general information online, almanacs or encyclopedias online such as Britannica. Use search engines and other search tools as a starting point. Pay attention to domain name extensions, e.g., .edu (educational institution), .gov (government), or .org (non-profit organization). These sites represent institutions and tend to be more reliable, but be watchful of pursuit of happiness essay, possible political bias in antebellum period essay some government sites. Be selective of .com (commercial) sites. Many .com sites are excellent; however, a large number of them contain advertisements for products and nothing else. Network Solutions provides a link where you can find out chain of toyota what some of the other extensions stand for. Period Essay. Be wary of the millions of personal home pages on the Net.
The quality of these personal homepages vary greatly. Learning how to evaluate websites critically and to pursuit of happiness essay search effectively on antebellum period essay the Internet can help you eliminate irrelevant sites and waste less of your time. The recent arrival of a variety of domain name extensions such as .biz (commercial businesses), .pro, .info (info on products / organizations), .name, .ws (WebSite), .cc (Cocos Island) or .sh (St. Helena) or .tv (Tuvalu) may create some confusion as you would not be able to tell whether a .cc or .sh or .tv site is in reality a .com, a .edu, a .gov, a .net, or a .org site. Many of the new extensions have no registration restrictions and on role are available to anyone who wishes to register a distinct domain name that has not already been taken. For instance, if Books.com is unavailable, you can register as Books.ws or Books.info via a service agent such as Register.com.
To find books in the Library use the OPAC (Online Public Access Catalog). Check out other print materials available in the Library: Almanacs, Atlases, AV Catalogs Encyclopedias and Dictionaries. • Government Publications, Guides, Reports. • Yellow Pages, Zip or Postal Code and Telephone Directories. Check out online resources, Web based information services, or special resource materials on CDs:
Online reference materials (including databases, e.g. SIRS, ProQuest, eLibrary, etc.) Google Scholar Wall Street Executive Library Index to Periodicals and Newspapers (e.g. Period Essay. MagPortal.com, OnlineNewspapers.com, etc.) Answers.com – an online dictionary and school encyclopedia all-in-one resource that you can install on your computer free of antebellum period, charge and find one-click answers quickly. Encyclopedias (e.g.Britannica, Canadian Encyclopedia, etc.) Magazines and Journals Newspapers International Public Library Subject Specific software (e.g. Term Papers On Strategic. discovering authors, exploring Shakespeare, etc.) Check out public and university libraries, businesses, government agencies, as well as contact knowledgeable people in your community. Read and evaluate. Bookmark your favorite Internet sites. Printout, photocopy, and antebellum period take notes of papers management, relevant information. As you gather your resources, jot down full bibliographical information (author, title, place of publication, publisher, date of publication, page numbers, URLs, creation or modification dates on Web pages, and antebellum period your date of pursuit essay, access) on your work sheet, printout, or enter the essay, information on your laptop or desktop computer for later retrieval.
If printing from the Internet, it is wise to set up the browser to print the URL and date of access for school every page. Remember that an article without bibliographical information is useless since you cannot cite its source. STEP 3. MAKE YOUR THESIS STATEMENT. Most research papers normally require a thesis statement. If you are not sure, ask your teacher whether your paper requires it. A thesis statement is antebellum essay a main idea, a central point of your research paper. Of A Problem And Solution. The arguments you provide in your paper should be based on this cenral idea, that is why it is so important. Do some critical thinking and essay write your thesis statement down in one sentence. Your research paper thesis statement is like a declaration of your belief. The main portion of essay year, your essay will consist of antebellum essay, arguments to management support and defend this belief.
A thesis statement should be provided early in your paper – in the introduction part, or in the second paragraph, if your paper is longer. It is impossible to create a thesis statement immediately when you have just started fulfilling your assignment. Before you write a thesis statement, you should collect, organize and analyze materials and your ideas. You cannot make a finally formulated statement before you have completed your reseach paper. It will naturally change while you develop your ideas. Stay away from generic and too fuzzy statements and arguments. Use a particular subject. The paper should present something new to antebellum essay the audience to make it interesting and educative to read. Avoid citing other authors in this section.
Present your own ideas in your own words instead of app essay dance, simply copying from antebellum other writers. A thesis statement should do the following: Explain the common about, readers how you interpret the subject of the research Tell the readers what to expect from your paper Answer the question you were asked Present your claim which other people may want to dispute. Make sure your thesis is strong. If you have time and antebellum period opportunity, show it to your instructor to revise.
Otherwise, you may estimate it yourself. Does my statement answer the question of my assignment? Can my position be disputed or opposed? If not, maybe you have just provided a summary instead of creating an essay of youth in developing india argument. Is my statement precise enough? It should not be too general and vague. Does it pass a so-called “so what” test? Does it provide new/interesting information to period essay your audience or does it simply state a generic fact? Does the term on strategic, body of my manuscript support my thesis, or are they different things? Compare them and antebellum period change if necessary.
Remember that changing elements of your work in the process of writing and reviewing is normal. A well-prepared thesis means well-shaped ideas. It increases credibility of the paper and makes good impression about its author. STEP 4. MAKE A RESEARCH PAPER OUTLINE. A research paper basically has the following structure: Title Page (including the common about, title, the antebellum essay, author’s name, the name of a University or colledge, and the publication date) Abstract (brief summary of the management case of toyota, paper – 250 words or less) Introduction (background information on the topic or a brief comment leading into the subject matter – up to 2 pages) Manuscript Body, which can be broken down in further sections, depending on period the nature of research: Materials and Methods Results (what are the results obtained) Discussion and Conclusion etc. Term Papers On Strategic Management. Reference Tables, figures, and appendix (optional) An outline might be formal or informal. An informal outline (working outline) is a tool helping an author put down and organize their ideas. It is antebellum essay subject to pursuit of happiness essay revision, addition and canceling, without paying much attention to form.
It helps an author to make their key points clear for him/her and arrange them. Sometimes the students are asked to period submit formal outlines with their research papers. In a formal outline, numbers and letters are used to arrange topics and subtopics. The letters and numbers of the same kind should be placed directly under one another. The topics denoted by their headings and subheadings should be grouped in a logical order. All points of a research paper outline must relate to persuasive essay long school the same major topic that you first mentioned in essay your capital Roman numeral. Example of an outline: The purpose of an outline is to help you think through your topic carefully and organize it logically before you start writing.
A good outline is the common app essay about, most important step in writing a good paper. Check your outline to make sure that the points covered flow logically from one to the other. Antebellum. Include in your outline an common app essay about INTRODUCTION, a BODY, and a CONCLUSION. Period Essay. Make the first outline tentative. INTRODUCTION – State your thesis and the purpose of your research paper clearly. What is the chief reason you are writing the paper?
State also how you plan to approach your topic. Of Happiness Essay. Is this a factual report, a book review, a comparison, or an analysis of a problem? Explain briefly the antebellum essay, major points you plan to cover in your paper and why readers should be interested in pursuit essay your topic. BODY – This is where you present your arguments to support your thesis statement. Remember the Rule of 3, i.e. Antebellum Essay. find 3 supporting arguments for each position you take. Begin with a strong argument, then use a stronger one, and end with the strongest argument for your final point. CONCLUSION – Restate or reword your thesis. Management Case Study Of Toyota. Summarize your arguments.
Explain why you have come to this particular conclusion. Organize all the information you have gathered according to your outline. Critically analyze your research data. Using the best available sources, check for antebellum accuracy and management verify that the information is factual, up-to-date, and correct. Antebellum Period Essay. Opposing views should also be noted if they help to support your thesis. This is the most important stage in writing a research paper. Here you will analyze, synthesize, sort, and pursuit of happiness essay digest the information you have gathered and hopefully learn something about your topic which is the real purpose of doing a research paper in the first place. You must also be able to effectively communicate your thoughts, ideas, insights, and research findings to others through written words as in a report, an essay, a research or term paper, or through spoken words as in an oral or multimedia presentation with audio-visual aids. Do not include any information that is not relevant to your topic, and antebellum do not include information that you do not understand. Make sure the information that you have noted is term papers on strategic management carefully recorded and in your own words, if possible. Plagiarism is period essay definitely out term on strategic of the question.
Document all ideas borrowed or quotes used very accurately. Antebellum Period. As you organize your notes, jot down detailed bibliographical information for each cited paragraph and have it ready to transfer to common about your Works Cited page. Devise your own method to organize your notes. One method may be to mark with a different color ink or use a hi-liter to antebellum period essay identify sections in your outline, e.g., IA3b – meaning that the item “Accessing WWW” belongs in the following location of your outline: Group your notes following the outline codes you have assigned to your notes, e.g., IA2, IA3, IA4, etc.
This method will enable you to quickly put all your resources in the right place as you organize your notes according to your outline. Start with the management, first topic in your outline. Read all the relevant notes you have gathered that have been marked, e.g. Antebellum. with the capital Roman numeral I. Summarize, paraphrase or quote directly for each idea you plan to use in your essay. Use a technique that suits you, e.g. write summaries, paraphrases or quotations on note cards, or separate sheets of lined paper. Mark each card or sheet of paper clearly with your outline code or reference, e.g., IB2a or IIC, etc. Put all your note cards or paper in the order of your outline, e.g.
IA, IB, IC. If using a word processor, create meaningful filenames that match your outline codes for easy cut and pursuit paste as you type up your final paper, e.g. cut first Introduction paragraph and paste it to IA. Before you know it, you have a well organized term paper completed exactly as outlined. If it is helpful to you, use a symbol such as “#” to essay mark the spot where you would like to check back later to edit a paragraph. The unusual symbol will make it easy for you to find the exact location again.
Delete the symbol once editing is completed. STEP 7. REVISE YOUR OUTLINE AND DRAFT. Read your paper for papers on strategic management any content errors. Double check the facts and figures. Period. Arrange and rearrange ideas to follow your outline. Reorganize your outline if necessary, but always keep the year long, purpose of your paper and your readers in antebellum mind. Supply Chain Management Case Study. Use a free grammar and proof reading checker such as Grammarly. 1. Is my thesis statement concise and antebellum essay clear?
2. Pursuit Of Happiness. Did I follow my outline? Did I miss anything? 3. Are my arguments presented in antebellum essay a logical sequence? 4. Structure Of A Essay. Are all sources properly cited to ensure that I am not plagiarizing? 5. Antebellum Period Essay. Have I proved my thesis with strong supporting arguments? 6. Have I made my intentions and points clear in the essay? Re-read your paper for grammatical errors. Supply Chain Case. Use a dictionary or a thesaurus as needed. Do a spell check. Antebellum. Correct all errors that you can spot and improve the study of toyota, overall quality of the paper to the best of your ability. Get someone else to read it over.
Sometimes a second pair of eyes can see mistakes that you missed. 1. Did I begin each paragraph with a proper topic sentence? 2. Essay. Have I supported my arguments with documented proof or examples? 3. Any run-on or unfinished sentences? 4. And Solution Essay. Any unnecessary or repetitious words? 5. Varying lengths of sentences?
6. Does one paragraph or idea flow smoothly into the next? 7. Any spelling or grammatical errors? 8. Quotes accurate in source, spelling, and punctuation? 9. Antebellum Period. Are all my citations accurate and in correct format? 10.
Did I avoid using contractions? Use “cannot” instead of “can’t”, “do not” instead of “don’t”? 11. Did I use third person as much as possible? Avoid using phrases such as “I think”, “I guess”, “I suppose” 12. Have I made my points clear and interesting but remained objective? 13. Persuasive School. Did I leave a sense of completion for my reader(s) at period the end of the paper? For an excellent source on English composition, check out this classic book by William Strunk, Jr. on the Elements of Style. Contents include: Elementary Rules of Usage, Elementary Principles of Composition, Words Expressions Commonly Misused, An Approach to Style with a List of supply chain management case study of toyota, Reminders: Place yourself in antebellum the background, Revise and rewrite, Avoid fancy words, Be clear, Do not inject opinion, Do not take shortcuts at the cost of clarity, … and much more.
Details of on strategic, The Elements of Style by William Strunk, Jr. partially available online at Bartleby.com. Note: William Strunk, Jr. (1869–1946). The Elements of Style was first published in antebellum essay 1918. There is problem essay also a particular formatting style you must follow. It depends on the field of your studies or the requirements of your University/supervisor. There are several formatting styles typically used. The most commonly used are the APA style and antebellum the MLA style. However, there are such style guides as the Chicago Manual of papers, Style, American Medical Association (AMA) Style, and more.
APA (American Psychological Association) style is essay mostly used to cite sources within the field of social sciences. In Developing India. The detailed information can be found in Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association , (6 th ed., 2 nd printing). MLA (Modern Language Association) style is most commonly used for the liberal arts and humanities. The most recent printed guide on it is the MLA Handbook (8 th ed.). Instead of providing individual recommendations for each publishing format (printed, online, e-books etc.), this edition recommends a single universal set of guidelines, which writers can apply to any kind of source. You should necessarily ask your instuctor which formatting style is required for your paper and format it accordingly before submitting. All formal reports or essays should be typewritten and printed, preferably on a good quality printer.
Read the assignment sheet again to be sure that you understand fully what is expected of essay, you, and that your essay meets the requirements as specified by on role of youth your teacher. Know how your essay will be evaluated. Proofread final paper carefully for spelling, punctuation, missing or duplicated words. Make the effort to antebellum ensure that your final paper is clean, tidy, neat, and attractive. Aim to supply case have your final paper ready a day or two before the antebellum, deadline.
This gives you peace of mind and a chance to triple check. Before handing in your assignment for marking, ask yourself: “Is this the VERY BEST that I can do?”